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Wireless News Aggregation

Friday — April 24, 2015 — Issue No. 654

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Dear Friends of Wireless Messaging,

Welcome back. I hope you enjoy this issue of The Wireless Messaging News.

Google Keep:
Take notes on the go

Posted: Thursday, April 23, 2015

At the grocery store, juggling your shopping list with a gallon of milk, a basket of food, and your phone usually ends up with a “Spill in aisle 4.” Starting today, you can leave your phone in your pocket and view notes on your Android Wear device. Just start Keep from the app list or say “OK Google, open Keep” to begin browsing notes on your wrist. To take a new note, you can still use “OK Google, take a note.”

Swipe up and down to browse through notes, tap to view a particular note, or just tap the plus sign and speak to create a new note. You can also add reminders to notes directly from your Android Wear watch. With this update, Keep will support recurring reminders too!

We also recently launched the ability to add labels to notes in the Keep Android app and on the web to help you stay organized. Use labels like “Inspiration” and “To-dos” to never miss an idea or task.

So whether it’s taking notes on Android Wear, setting reminders, or adding labels to notes, use Keep to make sure you never lose a thought.

Google Keep is available for free on Google Play for your Android devices (Android 4.0, Ice Cream Sandwich and above), the web, and the Chrome Web Store. [source]

See the Apple Watch torn down to its minuscule parts

   Apple Watch tear down


By Stan Schroeder
April 24, 2014

This is the first day the Apple Watch has become available, but we didn't have to wait very long to see what the device looks from the inside.

The disassembling experts at iFixit found the task of tearing down the Watch tough, but not impossible. They assess it's possible to replace the device's screen and battery, but that's about it, as pretty much everything else is soldered to the Apple S1 SiP (system in package).

Still, this is one of the most interesting Apple product tear downs in recent memory. Because if its tiny size, the Apple Watch is full of minuscule parts not usually seen in Apple devices, such as Apple's Taptic Engine and tiny gold tri-wing screws in the stainless steel variant.

Apple's Taptic Engine "taps" you on the wrist to notify you of notifications and alerts.


It's worth noting that the battery, which should power the 38mm Apple Watch for 18 hours according to Apple, is a 205mAh one — a pretty low capacity compared to the Moto 360 smartwatch, which sports a 300mAh battery.

Another interesting detail is the Watch's heart rate monitor. IFixit claims it's actually a pulse oximeter — a device which should be able to measure your blood oxygen level, but Apple doesn't advertise or mention that feature.

IFixit got their hands on two variants of the Watch — a 38mm Apple Watch Sport, and a 38mm, stainless steel Apple Watch. Besides the case the devices seem to be virtually identical. [source]

Now on to more news and views

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About Us

A new issue of the Wireless Messaging Newsletter is posted on the web each week. A notification goes out by e-mail to subscribers on most Fridays around noon central US time. The notification message has a link to the actual newsletter on the web. That way it doesn’t fill up your incoming e-mail account.

There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. Readers are a very select group of wireless industry professionals, and include the senior managers of many of the world’s major Paging and Wireless Messaging companies. There is an even mix of operations managers, marketing people, and engineers — so I try to include items of interest to all three groups. It’s all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology.

I regularly get readers’ comments, so this newsletter has become a community forum for the Paging, and Wireless Messaging communities. You are welcome to contribute your ideas and opinions. Unless otherwise requested, all correspondence addressed to me is subject to publication in the newsletter and on my web site. I am very careful to protect the anonymity of those who request it.

I spend the whole week searching the Internet for news that I think may be of interest to you — so you won’t have to. This newsletter is an aggregator — a service that aggregates news from other news sources. You can help our community by sharing any interesting news that you find.

Editorial Policy

Editorial Opinion pieces present only the opinions of the author. They do not necessarily reflect the views of any of advertisers or supporters. This newsletter is independent of any trade association.

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Advertiser Index

American Messaging
Critical Alert
Critical Response Systems
Easy Solutions
Hark Technologies
Ira Wiesenfeld & Associates
Leavitt Communications
Preferred Wireless
Prism Paging
Product Support Services — (PSSI)
Paging & Wireless Network Planners LLC — (Ron Mercer)
STI Engineering
UltraTek Security Cameras
WaveWare Technologies

Cufflink for Apple Watch is a smart messaging alerts app

Above: Awear app for the Apple Watch
Image Credit: Awear

April 23, 2015 5:00 PM
Dean Takahashi

Awear is unveiling a messaging app for the Apple Watch that will allow you to send a text message using touch taps rather than a combination of dictation and voice recognition.

The Cufflink app for the Apple Watch is a “Wrist-First” app, designed to work with wearable devices from the ground up. Jakob Wilkenson, founder of San Francisco-based Awear, created the app, which uses Bluetooth to connect the Apple Watch to your iPhone. It sends the messages as texts.

Awear is one of the companies operating within Peter Relan’s technology incubator, 9Plus, which works with a small number of groups and mentors them for longer than many incubators do. The 9Plus refers to the number of months the incubator works with a startup.

Awear previously launched a version of the app that works with Android Wear. That app works with devices such as the Samsung Gear Live, LG G Watch, LG G Watch R, Sony SmartWatch 3, Asus ZenWatch, and Moto 360.

Above: Awear’s Apple Watch app
Image Credit: Awear

This is the first Apple Watch app Relan has created with his new “Wrist-First” philosophy, which will support early adopters still discovering how the Apple Watch will integrate with their daily lives.

“Wrist-First apps — those created specifically for the Apple Watch platform vs. iPhone apps just repurposed for the watch — will turbo charge Apple Watch’s appeal to consumers still undecided if they need a smartwatch,” said Relan, in a statement. “Just as mobile-first apps like Instagram, WhatsApp, and Uber changed mobile behavior, we’ll soon find that consumers will only want smartwatch apps that are tailored to extremely quick and efficient interactions, with a hyper-easy user interface and design that help make the Apple Watch a must-have device.”

Cufflink for Apple Watch is a platform for priority communications for up to five close personal connections, or links. It forms a priority graph of people who have direct access to you, the owner of the Apple Watch. Partners, kids, and close friends will probably comprise the majority of the links established.

“Cufflink provides a priority channel for people who have direct, unrestricted access to you,” explained Wilkenson, in a statement. “In some ways it’s like Slack for your personal life, but Cufflink is built specifically for your wrist and for the people who matter most to you.”

With the app, your partner might send the message, “Can you pick up Jack from karate class at 6:30?” The watch will tag the question as a task and attach a picture of Jack’s karate schedule. The receiving partner gets notified on her watch and can choose “I can do it” or “Sorry, I can’t” or “I’ll get back to you.” Selecting “I can do it” creates an automatic reminder and optionally adds it to her calendar. She can also pin the photo to their shared photo board, so they both have easy access to it.

Cufflink will be available for the Apple Watch within weeks following the smartwatch’s availability to the general public.

Above: Notification from Cufflink app on Apple Watch

Source:Venture Beat

Product Support Services, Inc.

Repair and Refurbishment Services

pssi logo


Product Support Services, Inc.

511 South Royal Lane
Coppell, Texas 75019
(972) 462-3970 Ext. 261 left arrow left arrow

PSSI is the industry leader in reverse logistics, our services include depot repair, product returns management, RMA and RTV management, product audit, test, refurbishment, re-kitting and value recovery.

American Messaging


American Messaging


WaveWare Technologies

2630 National Dr., Garland, TX 75041

Now stocking the full line of Daviscomms paging products

New Products

SPS-5v9E Paging System

  • 1 Serial Port Connection
  • 2 Ethernet Connections
  • Browser and Serial Port Configuration
  • TAP, COMP2, Scope, WaveWare SNPP, COMP2, & PET Protocols
  • 2W, 5W Option

DMG Protocol Converter

  • Linux Based Embedded System
  • Up to 4 Serial Port Connections
  • Ethernet Connections
  • Browser Configuration
  • Protocol Conversion
  • Additional Protocols Available Soon

WaveWare Technologies


Easy Solutions

easy solutions

Easy Solutions provides cost effective computer and wireless solutions at affordable prices. We can help in most any situation with your communications systems. We have many years of experience and a vast network of resources to support the industry, your system and an ever changing completive landscape.

  • We treat our customers like family. We don’t just fix problems . . . We recommend and implement better cost effective solutions.
  • We are not just another vendor . . . We are a part of your team. All the advantages of high priced full time employment without the cost.
  • We are not in the Technical Services business . . . We are in the Customer Satisfaction business.

Experts in Paging Infrastructure

  • Glenayre, Motorola, Unipage, etc.
  • Excellent Service Contracts
  • Full Service—Beyond Factory Support
  • Contracts for Glenayre and other Systems starting at $100
  • Making systems More Reliable and MORE PROFITABLE for over 30 years.

Please see our web site for exciting solutions designed specifically for the Wireless Industry. We also maintain a diagnostic lab and provide important repair and replacement parts services for Motorola and Glenayre equipment. Call or e-mail us for more information.

Easy Solutions
3220 San Simeon Way
Plano, Texas 75023

Vaughan Bowden
Telephone: 972-898-1119

Easy Solutions

Original Moore's Law paper doesn't say what you think it does

Gordon Moore


In 1965, a relatively young Gordon Moore penned his now legendary paper with the scholarly title, "Cramming More Components onto Integrated Circuits."

That paper, by the future Intel co-founder, is widely celebrated as the original inspiration for Moore's Law, which states roughly that the number of transistors that can be installed on an integrated circuit doubles every two years. His breakthrough observation became a sort of guiding principle for the still very young computer industry. During the next 30 years, it was often difficult to tell if chip and computer manufacturers were proving Moore's theory, or following it like some kind of law.

However, a closer look at the formation document reveals something interesting: Moore never, at least not in that paper, said what his law has come to mean. Yes, the 1965 paper written for Electronics magazine focuses heavily on how many components can fit on a circuit, and which factors will impact that growing number; but it wasn't until 1975 that the idea that transistors would double every year or two emerged.

The 1965 paper, which celebrates its 50th anniversary on Sunday, can therefore be viewed as something that eventually gave rise to one of the computer industry's most iconic intellectual underpinnings. However, even without the now legendary law, the groundbreaking paper marked the start of a new movement and some incredible intelligence and foresight on Moore's part.

Moore's paper starts off with a bang, and is as close as he gets to the Moore's Law concept:

With unit cost falling as the number of components per circuit rises, by 1975, economics may dictate squeezing as many as 65,000 components on a single silicon chip.

This chart from Gordon Moore shows how the decreasing yields and increasing costs of circuits will decrease over time.


In a section that deals with the cost of building these circuits, Moore explains that the cost of squeezing in additional components falls until the yield levels — the number of final circuit boards that actually work — start to fall. At that point, the costs tend to increase dramatically.

   As components are added, decreased yields more than compensate for the increased complexity, tending to raise... The cost per component. Thus there is a minimum cost at any given time in the evolution of the technology. At present, it is reached when 50 components are used per circuit. But the minimum is rising rapidly while the entire cost curve is falling (see graph).

Moore noted, however, that the minimum cost for these circuits would fall dramatically in five years. "In 1970, the manufacturing cost per component can be expected to be only a tenth of the present cost," he said.

Looking at this section, it's also clear the "law" was already in Moore's head. He states that they had, in 1965, roughly five components per circuit. In 1970, he expected "about 1,000. It's not exactly a yearly doubling, but it's pretty close.

The paper never discusses the number of transistors on a chip. In fact, he only mentions the term “transistors” twice in the entire thing.

By 1975, Moore formalized the concept when he revised his original notion, and said the number of integrated circuit (IC) components would double every two years.

None of this makes Moore's Law any less valid. It's just worth noting that what we're celebrating was, 50 years ago, a somewhat more vague notion than most people currently believe.


Ivy Corp UltraTek Security Cameras



Please click the Learn More button.

security camera


Monitor your home, or business, “Day or Night.” True motion detection “turn-on and record” for “current” or “future viewing.” May be set up via Wi-Fi using the Wi-Fi capable unit.

All information is on the site: left arrow

or call, Jim, 1-662-284-6724

Critical Response Systems

More than Paging.
First Responder Solutions.

Our patented technology notifies clinical personnel immediately, while tracking who receives and responds to each alarm. Users confirm or defer each event with a single button press, and analytic dashboards display response statistics in real time, as well as historically broken down by time, unit, room, and individual.

Our systems not only notify your personnel quickly and reliably, but also provide actionable feedback to fine-tune your procedures, reduce unnecessary alarms, and improve patient outcomes.


Twitter opens up direct messaging again, despite abuse fears

Caitlin McGarry
Staff Writer, PCWorld
Apr 20, 2015 11:22 AM

Twitter regularly experiments with its direct-messaging feature, perhaps because the platform is unsure just how important private chatting is or should be to its efforts. But here we go again: Twitter just turned on a feature that will let anyone send you a message, even if you don’t follow them.

A new button denotes when a person is accepting DMs from strangers.

If the move sounds familiar, that’s because Twitter already did this two years ago. The experiment was short-lived—it ended about a month later. But Twitter on Monday said it was trying the whole thing again.

You can now receive direct messages from people, even if you don’t follow them, by opting in under Settings > Security and privacy. Scroll down to the bottom and check the box next to “Receive Direct Messages from anyone.” If you want to send someone a DM but they don’t follow you, there will be a new button to look out for on Twitter for iOS and Android. If a person is accepting DMs from randoms, the new button will appear. No DM button? You can't send that person a private note. (Check out the example to the right.)

The change isn’t a welcome one for many in the Twittersphere who deal with regular harassment on the platform. But the feature is opt-in, not turned on by default, and the New York Times noted that if you delete a thread from a person you don’t follow, Twitter will basically block that person from sending you DMs in the future.

I turned the setting on when it was first rolled out, and it remained active even though other people couldn’t opt into the defunct feature. Anecdotally, being able to receive DMs from people I don’t follow was a mostly positive experience, but that’s due to the nature of my job as a journalist. Many Twitter users face constant abuse and opening up DMs would just allow trolls to become even more invasive. Twitter is working to eradicate the kind of intimidation many of its vocal users experience, but that effort has taken years to gather any steam.



Specialists in sales and service of equipment from these leading manufacturers, as well as other two-way radio and paging products:

UNICATIONbendix king

motorola blue Motorola SOLUTIONS

COMmotorola red Motorola MOBILITY spacer
Philip C. Leavitt
Leavitt Communications
7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253
Web Site:
Mobile phone:847-494-0000
Skype ID:pcleavitt

STI Engineering

sti header

250W VHF Paging Transmitter

STI Engineering’s RFI-148 250 high performance paging transmitter features true DDS frequency generation that enables precise control and flexibility for a wide range of data transmission applications.

The transmitter is particularly suitable for large simulcast POCSAG and FLEX paging networks and can be used as drop-in replacement of older and obsolete transmitters. The unit has a proven track record in large scale critical messaging systems.

sti tx
  • High power output
    (selectable from 20 W - 250 W)
  • SNMP Diagnostics and alarms
  • Full VHF Band coverage
    (138-174 MHz)
  • DSP precision modulation
  • Integrated isolator
  • Sniffer port for in-rack receiver
  • Remote firmware upgrade capability
  • Software selectable frequency offset
  • Adjustable absolute delay correction
  • Front panel diagnostics
  • Hardware alarm outputs
  • High frequency stability
  • External reference option
  • FCC and ACMA approved
  • CE compliant version in development
22 Boulder Road Malaga 6090 Western Australia
Telephone:  +61 8 9209 0900
Facsimile:  +61 8 9248 2833

FTC Delivers Mixed Warning on Location-Tracking

Nomi Technologies settles charges that it broke a promise to let customers opt-out of location-tracking

April 23, 2015 4:28 p.m. ET

The Federal Trade Commission delivered a mixed warning to a burgeoning segment of the software industry in a settlement Thursday.

Nomi Technologies, formerly known as Brickstream, a startup that tracks shoppers in stores and malls on behalf of retailers, agreed to settle charges that it broke a promise to let consumers opt out of its tracking and inform them they were being tracked while they were in retail environments.

But the case, which is the first FTC complaint to be brought against a company that tracked shoppers in stores, offers a mixed message to location-tracking companies, whose software tools are used by many major retailers. For such companies, the lesson may be to avoid over promising on their privacy policies rather than to limit their tracking of shoppers.

Nomi, like similar startups including Euclid, SOLOMO, Radius Networks, ilnside, and Turnstyle Solutions, monitors foot traffic into and out of stores via Bluetooth or Wi-Fi signals from shopper’s smartphones. Such companies can tell how many consumers passed by a store without entering, how many entered, how long they stayed, the types of mobile devices they used, how many were repeat customers, and how many had visited other locations of a given retail chain.

Nomi collected signals from individual phones, but like many of its competitors, it aggregated the data, providing stores with reports that compared traffic over time. While such data isn’t considered “personally identifiable information”—legal parlance for information that can identify a specific person, which is protected under privacy laws—the FTC has said that privacy protections can extend to “data that can be reasonably linked to a specific consumer, computer, or device,” such as the 12-digit MAC address that is specific to a device. Companies that monitor Wi-Fi signals necessarily collect these codes.

Nomi actually went further than the competition when it came to protecting user privacy. It scrambled the Wi-Fi signals it collected, making it harder for employees, clients, and hackers to trace a signal back to a specific device. It also pledged in a privacy policy to “always allow consumers to opt out of Nomi’s service on its website, as well as at any retailer using Nomi’s technology.”

Nomi’s pledge went beyond a code of conduct signed recently by 12 location-tracking startups. These companies volunteered to promote in-store signs about tracking and opportunities to opt out, but weren’t required to do so.

Location tracking is reportedly being used by many major retailers, said Jules Polonetsky, executive director and co-chair of the Future of Privacy Forum, a privacy advocate sponsored by the tech industry. But few retailers post signs. Nordstrom posted a sign disclosing location-tracking in 2013 as part of a test, according to a report in The Wall Street Journal. However, the company fielded some complaints and eventually canceled the test.

The pledge got Nomi into hot water, because its merchant customers never posted in-store signs, the FTC said in a statement. Nomi’s “promises were not true because no in-store opt-out mechanism was available, and consumers were not informed when the tracking was taking place,” the statement said. Nomi did offer the ability to opt out on its website, where shoppers and others wouldn’t see it unless they visited the site unprompted. The agency said Nomi collected information on about 9 million mobile devices in the first nine months of 2013.

Unusually, two of the five FTC commissioners disagreed with the decision to charge the company. Nomi is a “young company that attempted to go above and beyond its legal obligation to protect consumers but, in doing so, erred without benefiting itself,” Commissioner Maureen Ohlhausen wrote in a dissent.

Under the terms of the settlement, Nomi is prohibited from misrepresenting consumers’ options for controlling whether and how information is collected or shared. The company neither admitted or denied any allegations named in the complaint.

A Nomi spokesman said in an email the company was “pleased to reach this agreement.” The statement said, “We continually review our privacy policies to ensure that they follow best practices and had already made the recommended changes in pursuit of that goal by updating our privacy policy over a year-and-a-half ago, while we were still an early-stage startup that was less than a year old.”

Harriet Pearson, a partner in the Washington, D.C., office of law firm Hogan Lovells and former chief privacy officer of IBM, said the takeaway from the case is to avoid over promising. “Today’s action is another example of why, from startups to the Fortune 100, companies must mind the gap between what they say and what they do with data about consumers,” Pearson said.

Marc Rotenberg, president of the privacy advocacy group Electronic Privacy Information Center, said that lesson highlighted the limitation of the FTC’s ability to protect consumer privacy. In the current legal framework, “it is easier to go after companies that make promises they fail to keep than to go after companies that make no promises at all,” he said.

Source:The Wall Street Journal

Leavitt Communications

its stil here

It’s still here — the tried and true Motorola Alphamate 250. Now owned, supported, and available from Leavitt Communications. Call us for new or reconditioned units, parts, manuals, and repairs.

We also offer refurbished Alphamate 250s, Alphamate IIs, the original Alphamate and new and refurbished pagers, pager repairs, pager parts and accessories. We are FULL SERVICE in Paging!

E-mail Phil Leavitt ( ) for pricing and delivery information or for a list of other available paging and two-way related equipment.

black line

Phil Leavitt

leavitt logo

7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

Hark Technologies

hark logo

Wireless Communication Solutions

USB Paging Encoder

paging encoder

  • Single channel up to eight zones
  • Connects to Linux computer via USB
  • Programmable timeouts and batch sizes
  • Supports 2-tone, 5/6-tone, POCSAG 512/1200/2400, GOLAY
  • Supports Tone Only, Voice, Numeric, and Alphanumeric
  • PURC or direct connect
  • Pictured version mounts in 5.25" drive bay
  • Other mounting options available
  • Available as a daughter board for our embedded Internet Paging Terminal (IPT)

Paging Data Receiver (PDR)


  • Frequency agile—only one receiver to stock
  • USB or RS-232 interface
  • Two contact closures
  • End-user programmable w/o requiring special hardware
  • 16 capcodes
  • Eight contact closure version also available
  • Product customization available

Other products

Please see our web site for other products including Internet Messaging Gateways, Unified Messaging Servers, test equipment, and Paging Terminals.

Hark Technologies
717 Old Trolley Rd Ste 6 #163
Summerville, SC 29485
Tel: 843-821-6888
Fax: 843-821-6894
E-mail: left arrow CLICK
Web: left arrow CLICK

hark David George and Bill Noyes
of Hark Technologies.

Hark Technologies

Preferred Wireless

preferred logo

Terminals & Controllers:
1ASC1500 Complete, w/Spares  
3CNET Platinum Controllers 
2GL3100 RF Director 
1GL3000 ES — 2 Chassis
1GL3000L Complete w/Spares
40SkyData 8466 B Receivers
1Unipage—Many Unipage Cards & Chassis
16Zetron M66 Transmitter Controllers  
Link Transmitters:
4Glenayre QT4201 25W Midband Link TX
1Glenayre QT6994, 150W, 900 MHz Link TX
3Motorola 10W, 900 MHz Link TX (C35JZB6106)
2Eagle 900 MHz Link Transmitters, 60 & 80W
2Motorola Q2630A, 30W, UHF Link TX
VHF Paging Transmitters
19 Motorola Nucleus 125W CNET
6Motorola Nucleus 350W CNET
12Motorola Nucleus 350W Advanced Control
1Glenayre QT7505
1Glenayre QT8505
UHF Paging Transmitters:
16Glenayre UHF GLT5340, 125W, DSP Exciter
900 MHz Paging Transmitters:
2Glenayre GLT8200, 25W (NEW)
15Glenayre GLT-8500 250W
3Glenayre GLT 8600, 500W


Too Much To List • Call or E-Mail

Rick McMichael
Preferred Wireless, Inc.
10658 St. Charles Rock Rd.
St. Louis, MO 63074
888-429-4171 or 314-429-3000 left arrow

Preferred Wireless







CVC Paging

Switch Tech

CVC Paging has an opening for a Glenayre Switch Technician in our Vermont location.

For details please contact Stephan Suker at 802-775-6726 or

CVC Paging


Critical Alert

spacer cas logo

Critical Alert Systems, Inc.

Formed in 2010, CAS brought together the resources and capabilities of two leading critical messaging solutions providers, UCOM™ and Teletouch™ Paging, along with lntego Systems™, a pioneer in next-generation nurse call systems. The result was an organization that represented more than 40 years of combined experience serving hospitals and healthcare providers.

CAS was created to be a single-source provider for hospitals and healthcare facilities in need of advanced nurse call and communications technologies.

Unlike our competitors, our product development process embraced the power of software from its inception. This enables us to design hardware-agnostic solutions focused on built-in integration, flexibility and advanced performance.


Nurse Call Solutions

Innovation in Nurse Call

Innovative, software-based nurse call solutions for acute and long-term care organizations.


Paging Solutions

The Most Reliable Paging Network

To this day, for critical messaging, nothing beats paging. It’s simply the best way to deliver a critical message.



© Copyright 2015 - Critical Alert Systems, Inc.

Selected portions of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update, and/or the BloostonLaw Private Users Update — newsletters from the Law Offices of Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP are reproduced in this section with the firm’s permission.

BloostonLaw Telecom UpdateVol. 18, No. 17April 22, 2015

REMINDER: FCC Public Workshop on Broadband Consumer Privacy on April 28

As we reported in the April 1 edition of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update, the FCC’s Wireline Competition and Consumer & Governmental Affairs Bureaus will be holding a public workshop on April 28 to “explore the Commission’s role in protecting the privacy of consumers that use broadband Internet access service.” Now that Section 222 of the Communications Act applies to broadband internet access service, we encourage clients to take steps to ensure their privacy practices are sufficient. The workshop will be broadcast live at


FCC Gives RLEC Industry 30 Days to Negotiate High Cost Fund Plan

On April 16, the FCC called a group of industry stakeholders (including WTA, NTCA, NECA, USTelecom, ITTA and the Nebraska Rural Companies) to a meeting in the Chairman’s Conference Room to encourage them to work together to find common ground and develop a Connect America Fund (CAF) for rate-of-return (RoR) carriers (RLECs) that can be implemented by the end of 2015. The stakeholders were asked to work together over the next thirty days to develop a plan.

Commissioner Michael O’Rielly and FCC Chief of Staff Ruth Milkman opened the meeting by providing general guidance. Commissioner O’Rielly stated that neither he nor the other Commissioners had preconceived ideas or plans, and that they were guided by principles that: (a) rural areas have insufficient broadband; (b) any CAF for RLECs must stay within the current USF budget; and (c) any plan must show a path forward that allows companies to plan and invest for the future.

Ms. Milkman reiterated that the FCC was committed to the goal of ensuring that rural areas have access to voice and broadband services. She stated that any plan proposed by the rural stakeholders must be supported by a “vast majority” of (but not necessarily all) RLECs, and must meet the four objectives of the FCC’s 2014 Seventh Order on Reconsideration in the CAF proceeding (i.e., stay within the existing $2 billion budget; provide equitable and fair distribution; employ forward-looking costs; and entail no double recovery).

Ms. Milkman offered several points as potential aids to industry negotiations. She said: (a) one-time or multi-year support from CAF reserves may be available to supplement the $2 billion budget; (b) the FCC is open to thinking of “forward-looking costs” in a different way that would “look to first principles” but that does not necessarily require a cost model; (c) phasing-in of the ultimate plan is acceptable so that not everything must happen at the same time; and (d) a package of proposals might be the best way forward, so that the “plan” does not have to be the same for all carriers. She indicated that Wireline Bureau staff would be available to assist during the industry negotiations if needed.

Carol Mattey of the Wireline Bureau then took over the meeting. She recognized that the likely result would be some RLECs opting to move to a cost model while others remained on RoR mechanisms. The central issue would be how an optional plan might work, and whether the budget would be wrecked if every RLEC chose the option providing it with the most money. Given that RLECs selecting the cost model option would be required to meet broadband build-out conditions (like the price cap carriers, who need to provide a defined level of service to a specified percentage of locations within certain time periods), she expressed her belief that not all RLECs that gain money under model-based support would actually move to the cost model. She also noted that some of the available CAF reserves could be used to cover increased support (but that a substantial portion of those reserves must be saved for price cap census blocks that receive no bids in reverse auctions).

The cost model included in the ultimate CAF plan is virtually certain to be the Alternative Connect America Cost Model (A-CAM) that the FCC recently described in a Public Notice (and which we reported in the previous edition of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update). Ms. Mattey indicated that the process of correcting study area boundaries and central office locations is coming to a close (with RLEC submissions due May 11), and that individual companies will also be allowed to change their plant mix. Otherwise, she asserted that the A-CAM model is largely done, and that there will not be major changes or further iterations of it going forward. At this time, the Wireline Bureau staff appears to favor Scenario 1.3 of the A-CAM Model (which caps support dollars at $230 per location). At the end of 2015, the A-CAM model that is in place at that time will be the basis for companies to make the determination as to whether they voluntarily opt into model-based support during the initial election period. Ms. Mattey stated that there may be multiple opt-in periods, but that there could be “special incentives” for companies to opt in during the first year.

The RoR mechanism is likely to be a modified version of the existing High Cost Loop Support (HCLS) and Interstate Common Line Support (ICLS) mechanisms, plus the Digital Communications Service plan (DCS, formerly known as the Data-Only Broadband Plan) that is currently pending before the FCC. The FCC at one point during the meeting indicated that there were problems with the DCS proposal because it used actual rather than forward-looking costs, and at another point asked why it could not be incorporated into the existing ICLS mechanism rather than employing a new mechanism. What was clear is that the Wireline Bureau wants operating expense limitations as well as capital expenditure limitations to be placed on the ultimate RoR mechanisms, and that such limitations may help to resolve the forward-looking cost issue. RLECs remaining on the existing RoR mechanisms would continue to be governed by the “reasonable request” standard rather than the build-out conditions applicable to those electing model-based support.

Ms. Mattey indicated that it may be more appropriate for ROR carriers to have a 10-year deployment period (rather than the 6-year period of price cap carriers). Among other things, the longer deployment period would reduce competition with price cap carriers for fiber and contractors.
A question was asked regarding competitive overlaps and areas where support will not be provided due to the presence of unsubsidized competitors. The Wireline Bureau made it clear that it found the challenge process used with respect to price cap areas to be difficult and costly, and does not want to use it for the RLEC sector. Instead, the Bureau intends to rely on filer-certified Form 477 data and let such data provide a “conclusive presumption” regarding the presence or absence of unsubsidized competitors. Whereas this may not affect many RLECs while the current 100% overlap standard remains in place, it is likely to cause problems if the FCC in the future reduces the overlap criterion to 70-to-80 percent of a study area’s population, or adopts its still-pending proposal to deny HCLS and ICLS support for new construction in census blocks served by an unsubsidized competitor.

Negotiations have already begun looking toward development of a plan that can be supported by the “vast majority” of RLECs. The critical issue will be bringing the ultimate model-based and RLEC support mechanisms within a budget acceptable to the FCC. Whereas it is clear to most reasonable people that 10 Mbps downstream/1 Mbps upstream broadband cannot be deployed throughout RLEC service areas for $2.0 billion of annual high-cost support, it is not yet clear how much additional temporary or permanent high-cost support the FCC will offer in order to achieve some certainty and stability for RLEC broadband deployment during the next 10 years.

FCC Seeks Further Comment on Rural Telco Bid Credit and Other DE Issues

The FCC last Friday adopted a Public Notice (FCC 14-49) seeking further comment on modifications to its Part 1 Designated Entity (or “DE”) rules that will apply to the 600 MHz broadcast incentive auction. Among the items gaining traction with the Commission is a proposal advanced by the Blooston Rural Carriers that rural telephone companies and rural telco affiliates should be entitled to a 25% bidding credit when bidding for licenses in areas where they have ETC status. This credit would come in addition to any small business bid credit for which a rural telco bidder is entitled. If adopted as proposed, a rural telco that also qualifies as a small business could be entitled to as much as a 50% reduction in its gross winning bids.

Initial comments of the Blooston Rural Carriers provided the Commission with a detailed analysis of the recent AWS-3 auction results as a statistical basis for adopting a rural telco bid credit. The BloostonLaw comments demonstrated that small business bidding credits alone were not sufficient in helping rural telcos succeed in auctions. Under Section 309(j) of the Communications Act, the FCC has a statutory obligation to ensure that small businesses, rural telephone companies, and businesses owned by members of minority groups and women have an opportunity to participate in the provision of spectrum-based services.

“Just five of the eleven rural telco entities that had winning bids sought eligibility for small business bid credits (while the other seven did not), and the total (gross) of rural entities’ 25 winning bids was $14,717,600,” wrote BloostonLaw. “The net total of these bids was $13,846,250. Thus, the entire rural telephone industry received just $871,350 in small business bidding credits in Auction 97, or less than three hundredths of a percent (0.024%) of the total $3.57 billion in small business bid credits granted by the Commission.”

As our clients may recall, small business DEs owned 85% by DISH Network were able to take advantage of loopholes in the Commission’s rules and secure $3.3 billion in bid credits in the AWS-3 auction. In seeking comment on the rural telco bid credit, the FCC stated: “In addition to the data submitted by Blooston Rural, commenters are invited to provide additional analyses to demonstrate the need for a rural bidding credit.”

The FCC’s Public Notice seeks further comment on a variety of proposals to modify the attributable material relationship (or “AMR”) rule, to restrict the ability of nationwide and/or regional carriers from providing a material portion of the total capitalization of a DE applicant, and whether the Commission should modify its unjust enrichment rules to ensure that bidding credits are extended only to qualifying small businesses. The Commission also seeks further comment on its proposal to raise the small business eligibility revenue threshold from $40 million to $55 million, which would allow a larger pool of rural telephone companies (and other entities) to qualify for the existing small business bidding credits.

Last month, attorneys for BloostonLaw, NTCA and RWA met with the FCC Commissioners and Wireless Bureau staff to emphasize the importance of adopting a bid credit so that RLECs with a demonstrated commitment to serving rural communities would have a realistic shot when bidding in the broadcast incentive auction. While some Commissioners and staff appeared to be receptive to our arguments, others seemed more interested in preventing a repeat of the DISH Network bid credit fiasco, and it was clear that all were being barraged with requests for special treatment by other classes of DEs.

Rural carriers should feel encouraged that the FCC seems to be taking a serious look at adopting a rural telco bidding credit, but it is especially important that our clients make a strong showing in this upcoming comment cycle to help seal the deal. Active participation by BloostonLaw clients in the Incentive Auction NPRM and in ex parte follow-up was instrumental last year in helping to steer the Commission away from its initial proposal to use Economic Areas (or “EAs) as the basis for forward licensing of the 600 MHz band, and crafting smaller Partial Economic Areas (or “PEAs”) as a compromise. We will need similar strength in numbers to make sure our proposal for a rural telephone bidding credit is heard and adopted.

Further comments are due 21 days after publication of the Public Notice in the Federal Register, with reply comments due 28 days after Federal Register publication. We will advise our clients of the comment deadline once it is set and we will circulate draft comments for your review and input in the coming weeks.

FCC Creates Citizens Broadband Radio Service, Folds Existing 3.65 to 3.7 GHz Band into Rules

Yesterday, the FCC released its Report and Order and Second Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking which adopted rules for a newly created Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS). As part of this action, the FCC folded the existing commercial 3.65 – 3.7 GHz band into the CBRS to create 150 MHz of contiguous spectrum, from 3.55 through 3.7 GHz, for the provision of mobile broadband and other commercial services. The FCC believes that its action will be a significant step to meeting its ultimate nationwide goal for 500 MHz of broadband spectrum.

The FCC has created a federal/non-federal three tiered sharing frame-work for CBRS. Incumbent users will be located in a protected tier that will provide interference protection from other users in the CBRS. These protected users will include Department of Defense radar installations operating in the 3.55 – 3.65 GHz band, Fixed Satellite Service (FSS) facilities and, as discussed below, grandfathered terrestrial wireless operations in the 3.65 – 3.7 GHz band. The CBRS itself will consist of two tiers – Priority Access and General Authorized Access. Users in these tiers may be authorized at any given location and on any frequency within the 3.55 – 3.7 GHz band by a Spectrum Access System (SAS). It is important to note users in the Priority Access Tier will be entitled to protection from operations in the General Authorized Access Tier, while users in the General Authorized Access Tier will not be entitled to protection from interference from other CBRS users. Priority Access Licensees (“PALs”) will be authorized to operate a 10 MHz channel in a single census tract for three years and will be assigned up to 70 MHz of the 3.55 – 3.65 GHz band, while General Authorized Access use will be permitted throughout the entire 150 MHz of the 3.55 – 3.7 GHz band (subject to protecting PALs from interference). Additionally, the General Authorized Access (GAA) Tier will allow any user with an FCC certified device to operate without any further FCC approval, while the Priority Access Tier will make spectrum available on a geographic basis through the auction process to the extent that there are mutually exclusive applications.

Grandfathering of Existing 3.65 – 3.7 GHz Licensees

Numerous licensees, including many of our clients, already operate in the 3.65 – 3.7 GHz band pursuant to the registration system created by the FCC. To accommodate these licensees, the FCC has created a two tiered grandfathering schedule, depending upon when the underlying 3.65 -3.7 GHz service license was issued. For those licenses issued prior to January 8, 2013 (the date that the FCC published its Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in the Federal Register), licensees will have the longer of the remaining license term or until April 17, 2020 (i.e., 5 years from the Report and Order and Second Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking was adopted). For those licenses issued after January 8, 2013, the grandfathering period will be limited to 5 years or until April 17, 2020. This is because the FCC has concluded that these licensees were on notice that the 3.65 – 3.7 GHz band could be folded into the CBRS. In order to protect incumbent 3.65 – 3.7 GHz licensees, the FCC has taken the following steps:

  1. Restrict Priority Access use from the 3.65 – 3.7 GHz band so that this portion of the band will still be available on a non-exclusive basis to the former Part 90 incumbents;
  2. The technical rules will accommodate existing 3.65 – 3.7 GHz deployments, and increase technical flexibility in rural areas;
  3. Exempt equipment deployed pursuant to Part 90 of the FCC’s rules from the FCC’s band-wide operability rule, in order to prevent the need for retrofitting or abandonment of legacy equipment; and
  4. Defining a Citizens Broadband Radio Service Device (CBSD) in a flexible manner in order to encompass a “network” of base stations, so that legacy equipment can interact with the SAS at a relatively low cost (since most licensees are utilizing WiMAX technology).

The FCC concluded that there are a few highly technical areas where additional record development would provide beneficial clarity or consensus to shape some specific parts of the rules. In the Second Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, the Commission offers focused proposals for further comment. The FCC is encouraging commenters to “work with other stakeholders to narrow points of difference.” Among the topics on which further comment is sought:

  • When Priority Access rights have not been issued (e.g., due to lack of demand) or the spectrum is not actually in use by a Priority Access licensee, the SAS will automatically make that spectrum available for GAA use on a local and granular basis. The FCC wants input on how to implement this “use-it-or-share-it” rule. In particular, when is spectrum being “used” by a PAL and therefore protected?
    • Some have advocated an engineering approach, in essence defining a protected contour or power on the part of the PAL, and requiring any general users to honor that. The FCC is concerned that this approach can be gamed by deploying low cost license saver transmitters to prevent GAA use.
    • An alternative approach presented in the record is to define “use” from an economic perspective for the purposes of determining GAA access to PAL spectrum. This includes a proposal by MIT economist William Lehr to allow PALs to make a down payment on their exclusive license, and pay the balance only when they go to force general users off of the spectrum. This would allow auction winners to delay payment of part of their purchase price, giving them an incentive to work with GAAs for some period of time. The FCC seeks comment on this or other ideas, and how spectrum hoarding can be avoided.
    • The Commission also seeks comment on any hybrid proposals that combine aspects of the engineering and economic approaches. For example, Federated Wireless suggests that PALs should pay a “nominal usage fee for those periods that the spectrum [is] actively needed.” Federated maintains that such a usage fee would incentivize Priority Access licensees to only reserve spectrum that they intend to use.
  • The FCC also seeks further comment regarding partitioning and disaggregation of priority access licenses. The Commission’s initial view is to prohibit such further segmentation of PALs given their relatively small size (census tracts) and limited duration (three years) as well as the availability of significant GAA spectrum in all license areas. Some commenters, however, urge the Commission to allow full partitioning and disaggregation of PALs, just as is allowed for other auction licenses.
  • The FCC also seeks comment on the application of spectrum aggregation limits to PAL licensees. Should the FCC use the attribution standard applied in its existing rules to transactions involving mobile wireless licenses for commercial use? How should spectrum aggregation limits be applied in the context of the initial licensing of PALs?
  • The FCC asks for comments on how to implement standards for protecting existing FSS operations.
Comments in connection with the Second Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking will be due 30 days following publication in the Federal Register while Reply Comments will be due 60 days after publication in the Federal Register. To the extent that clients may be dissatisfied with the FCC’s action, Petitions for Reconsideration will be due 30 days following publication in the Federal Register.

Law & Regulation

House Introduces “Legislative Trifecta” on FCC Transparency

On April 21, members of the House Communications and Technology Subcommittee today announced three draft proposals aimed at improving transparency at the Federal Communications Commission. A hearing entitled “FCC Reauthorization: Improving Commission Transparency” and featuring testimony from FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler and Commissioner Mike O’Rielly will be held to discuss the draft bills on April 30.
The first bill would require the FCC to give 48 hours advance notice of any order, decision, report, or action made or taken pursuant to delegated authority. The second bill would prohibit the FCC from adopting any order, decision, report, or action by vote unless it made available on the FCC’s website either (a) 24 hours in advance of being placed on circulation for review by the Commissioners or (b) 21 days before the date on which the vote is to occur. The third bill would require the FCC to publish the text of any addition, amendment, or repeal of its Rules in the Code of Federal Regulations within 24 hours of adoption.

“We’ve got a trifecta for transparency. These bills are excellent next steps for our #CommActUpdate as we continue work to reform the FCC,” said Communications and Technology Subcommittee Chairman Greg Walden (R-OR). “At our hearing next week, Chairman Wheeler and Commissioner O’Rielly’s testimony will help shine the spotlight on current commission practices as we take a look at three commonsense proposals to improve transparency at the FCC. At the end of the day, more transparency is always better.”

Congress Looks to Expand Amount of 5 GHz Spectrum Available for Unlicensed Use

In an effort to increase the amount of unlicensed spectrum that is available for consumers, House Energy and Commerce Committee leaders this week announced that they would initiate meetings with the FCC, NTIA and the Department of Transportation (DOT) to discuss the feasibility of making additional spectrum in the 5.9 GHz band (i.e., 5850-5925 MHz) available for unlicensed use. This follows legislation introduced last February — bills S.424 in the Senate and H.R.821 in the House — directing the FCC and NTIA to evaluate technologies that will facilitate sharing of the 5.9 GHz band.

“Whether for Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, or the countless uses we have not yet dreamed of, unlicensed spectrum has been a source of tremendous innovation that drives our Internet economy,” said full committee Chairman Fred Upton (R-MI), Ranking Member Frank Pallone, Jr. (D-NJ), Communications and Technology Subcommittee Chairman Greg Walden (R-OR), and Ranking Member Anna G. Eshoo (D-CA).

The planned discussions will examine the FCC and administration’s efforts to safely increase unlicensed access to the 5.9 GHz band without harming the existing work being done on the use of Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) as a way to improve auto safety through Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). By way of background, in 2003, the FCC allocated 75 MHz of spectrum in the 5.9 GHz band to be used by ITS vehicle safety and mobility applications. The DOT believes that DSRC vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communications will require access to dedicated wireless spectrum to ensure reliable communications with minimal interference in all types of weather conditions. Allowing the 5.9 GHz band to be used by consumers (an idea which has long been championed by the cable industry) is therefore likely to be opposed by DSRC and ITS proponents.

A statement from FCC Commissioners Mike O’Rielly and Jessica Rosenworcel praised the Committee’s efforts to expand access to the 5.9 MHz band and suggests that at least two FCC Commissioners believe that ITS and consumer use of the band can coexist.

“More than a decade and a half after this spectrum was set aside for vehicle and roadside systems, we agree it is time to take a modern look at the possibilities for wireless services in these airwaves, to allow a broader range of uses,” said the Commissioners in a joint statement. “We believe by taking steps right now, we can support automobile safety, increase spectrum for Wi-Fi, and grow our wireless economy.”

Further Petitions for Review of Open Internet Order Filed

Since the publication of the increasingly infamous Open Internet Order in the Federal Register last week, five new Petitions for Review have been filed, bringing the total up to seven.

Joining the first-out-of-the-gate filings by Alamo Broadband and USTelecom are the American Cable Association, AT&T, the National Cable & Telecommunications Association (NCTA), CTIA — The Wireless Association, and CenturyLink. However, the publication of an FCC order in the Federal Register merely starts the sixty-day window for Petitions for Review to be filed, leaving plenty of time for additional filings.

Since Petitions have been filed in more than one circuit (Alamo Broadband filed its Petition for Review in the 5th Circuit while the others have been filed in the D.C. Circuit), the Judicial Panel on Multi-district Litigation will choose one of those circuits to be the court which will actually hear the case via lottery. The deadline to submit a Petition for consideration in the lottery is substantially shorter — ten days (April 23). Readers may recall the process from early 2012, as it led to the 10th Circuit being the venue for review of the USF/ICC Transformation Order.


Nokia Announces Plans to Merge with Alcatel-Lucent

Last week, Finnish telecom equipment manufacturer Nokia announced that it would buy Alcatel-Lucent in an all-stock transaction that values Alcatel at $16.6 billion. If consummated, the deal would create a telecom equipment supply giant that would surpass market leader Ericsson and China’s up-and-comers Huawei Technologies and ZTE in wireless infrastructure revenue. Nokia sold its handset business to Microsoft for $7.2 billion in 2013, helping return Nokia to profitability in 2014.

“Our innovation capability will be extraordinary, bringing together the R&D engine of Nokia with that of Alcatel-Lucent and its iconic Bell Labs,” said Rajeev Suri, President and CEO of Nokia. “We will continue to combine this strength with the highly efficient, lean operations needed to compete on a global scale.”

The proposed deal is expected to bolster Nokia’s ability to compete in China, a market with 1.3 billion mobile subscribers, as well as to compete for contracts from Verizon Wireless and AT&T. However, initial enthusiasm about the merger quickly died down and the price of Nokia stock at the end of last week hand dropped below where it had been when merger rumors first surfaced.

While a merger of the companies was rumored back in 2013, and again last December, analysts have come to believe that it will take years for the companies to integrate sales, engineering and managerial teams, and cultural issues will make it difficult for the Finnish company to integrate the French and American operations into a stable set of units.

In addition to approval from Alcatel-Lucent’s board and both companies’ shareholders, the proposed transaction is subject to regulatory approvals from the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and French securities regulator Autorité des Marchés Financiers (AMF). Nokia expects that the transaction will be completed in the first half of 2016.


MAY 1: FCC FORM 499-Q, TELECOMMUNICATIONS REPORTING WORKSHEET. All telecommunications common carriers that expect to contribute more than $10,000 to federal Universal Service Fund (USF) support mechanisms must file this quarterly form. The FCC has modified this form in light of its recent decision to establish interim measures for USF contribution assessments. The form contains revenue information from the prior quarter plus projections for the next quarter. Form 499-Q relates only to USF contributions. It does not relate to the cost recovery mechanisms for the Telecommunications Relay Service (TRS) Fund, the North American Numbering Plan Administration (NANPA), and the shared costs of local number portability (LNP), which are covered in the annual form (Form 499-A) that was due April 1.

JUNE 1: FCC FORM 395, EMPLOYMENT REPORT. Common carriers, including wireless carriers, with 16 or more full-time employees must file their annual Common Carrier Employment Reports (FCC Form 395) by May 31. However, because May 31 falls on a Sunday this year, the filing will be due on June 1. This report tracks carrier compliance with rules requiring recruitment of minority employees. Further, the FCC requires all common carriers to report any employment discrimination complaints they received during the past year. That information is also due on June 1. The FCC encourages carriers to complete the discrimination report requirement by filling out Section V of Form 395, rather than submitting a separate report.

JULY 1: FCC FORM 481 (CARRIER ANNUAL REPORTING DATA COLLECTION FORM). All eligible telecommunications carriers (ETCs) must report the information required by Section 54.313, which includes outage, unfulfilled service request, and complaint data, broken out separately for voice and broadband services, information on the ETC’s holding company, operating companies, ETC affiliates and any branding in response to section 54.313(a)(8); its CAF-ICC certification, if applicable; its financial information, if a privately held rate-of-return carrier; and its satellite back-haul certification, if applicable. Form 481 must not only be filed with USAC, but also with the FCC and the relevant state commission and tribal authority, as appropriate. Although USAC treats the filing as confidential, filers must seek confidential treatment separately with the FCC and the relevant state commission and tribal authority if confidential treatment is desired.

JULY 1: MOBILITY FUND PHASE I ANNUAL REPORT. Winning bidders in Auction 901 that are authorized to receive Mobility Fund Phase I support are required to submit to the Commission an annual report each year on July 1 for the five years following authorization. Each annual report must be submitted to the Office of the Secretary of the Commission, clearly referencing WT Docket No. 10-208; the Universal Service Administrator; and the relevant state commissions, relevant authority in a U.S. Territory, or Tribal governments, as appropriate. The information and certifications required to be included in the annual report are described in Section 54.1009 of the Commission’s rules.

JULY 31: FCC FORM 507, UNIVERSAL SERVICE QUARTERLY LINE COUNT UPDATE. Line count updates are required to recalculate a carrier's per line universal service support, and is filed with the Universal Service Administrative Company (USAC). This information must be submitted on July 31 each year by all rate-of-return incumbent carriers, and on a quarterly basis if a competitive eligible telecommunications carrier (CETC) has initiated service in the rate-of-return incumbent carrier’s service area and reported line count data to USAC in the rate-of-return incumbent carrier’s service area, in order for the incumbent carrier to be eligible to receive Interstate Common Line Support (ICLS). This quarterly filing is due July 31 and covers lines served as of December 31, 2014. Incumbent carriers filing on a quarterly basis must also file on September 30 (for lines served as of March 31, 2015); December 30 (for lines served as of June 30, 2015), and March 31, 2016, for lines served as of September 30, 2015).

JULY 31: CARRIER IDENTIFICATION CODE (CIC) REPORTS. Carrier Identification Code (CIC) Reports must be filed by the last business day of July (this year, July 31). These reports are required of all carriers who have been assigned a CIC code by NANPA. Failure to file could result in an effort by NANPA to reclaim it, although according to the Guidelines this process is initiated with a letter from NANPA regarding the apparent non-use of the CIC code. The assignee can then respond with an explanation. (Guidelines Section 6.2). The CIC Reporting Requirement is included in the CIC Assignment Guidelines, produced by ATIS. According to section 1.4 of that document: At the direction of the NANPA, the access providers and the entities who are assigned CICs will be requested to provide access and usage information to the NANPA, on a semi-annual basis to ensure effective management of the CIC resource. (Holders of codes may respond to the request at their own election). Access provider and entity reports shall be submitted to NANPA no later than January 31 for the period ending December 31, and no later than July 31 for the period ending June 30. It is also referenced in the NANPA Technical Requirements Document, which states at 7.18.6: CIC holders shall provide a usage report to the NANPA per the industry CIC guidelines … The NAS shall be capable of accepting CIC usage reports per guideline requirements on January 31 for the period ending December 31 and no later than July 31 for the period ending June 30. These reports may also be mailed and accepted by the NANPA in paper form. Finally, according to the NANPA website, if no local exchange carrier reports access or usage for a given CIC, NANPA is obliged to reclaim it. The semi-annual utilization and access reporting mechanism is described at length in the guidelines.

Calendar At A Glance

May 1 – FCC Form 499-Q (Quarterly Telecommunications Reporting Worksheet) is due.
May 11 – Deadline to submit revisions to Alternative Connect America Cost Model map.
May 18 – Short Form Tariff Review Plan is due.
May 29 – Comments on Short Form Tariff Review Plans are due.

Jun. 1 – FCC Form 395 (Annual Employment Report) is due.
Jun. 5 – Reply comments on Short Form Tariff Review Plans are due.
Jun. 16 – Tariffs filed on 15 days’ notice are due.
Jun. 23 – Petitions to Suspend or Reject Tariffs filed on 15 days’ notice are due.
Jun. 24 – Tariffs filed on 7 days’ notice are due.
Jun. 26 – Replies to Petitions to Suspend or Reject Tariffs filed on 15 days’ notice are due.
Jun. 26 – Petitions to Suspend or Reject Tariffs filed on 7 days’ notice are due by noon Eastern Time.
Jun. 29 – Replies to Petitions to Suspend or Reject Tariffs filed on 7 days’ notice due by noon Eastern Time.

Jul. 1 – FCC Form 481 (Carrier Annual Reporting Data Collection Form) is due.
Jul. 1 – FCC Form 690 (Mobility Fund Phase I Auction Winner Annual Report) is due.
Jul. 31 – FCC Form 507 (Universal Service Quarterly Line Count Update) is due.
Jul. 31 – Carrier Identification Code (CIC) Report is due.

This newsletter is not intended to provide legal advice. Those interested in more information should contact the firm. For additional information, please contact Hal Mordkofsky at 202-828-5520 or .

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Coffee Beverages in 1996

  • Black coffee
  • Coffee with cream and/or sugar

Coffee Beverages in 2015

  • Cappuccino
  • Latte Single
  • Latte Triple
  • Espresso Single
  • Espresso Double
  • Gibraltar
  • Café au lait
  • Café con leche
  • Americano
  • Caffe tobio
  • Affogato
  • Mocha
  • Caffe Correntto


  • Frappe
  • Frappuccino
  • Pocillo
  • Espressino
  • Flat white
  • Café misto
  • Half-caf
  • Melange
  • Ristretto
  • Skinny Latte
  • Soy/Almond latte
  • Chai Latte
  • Ice coffee
  • French press
  • Marocchino

Source: Frank Murcurio, W9FM

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From: Dietmar Gollnick
Subject:  CMA E Board meeting in German Capital
Date: April 24, 2015 8:13:00 AM CDT
To: Brad Dye

Dear Brad, please find some Information and a photo from CMA-E Meeting of the Board Yesterday.

I tried to translate . . . Excuse for terrible English.

May be it is partially useful for your Newsletter. You are the First informed by me.

Hope you are well doing.

Beste Grüße / Very best Regards,

(By Mobile)

Dirty Translation (Google):

Yesterday, the first day of the CMA-Europe Meeting (Critical Mobile Messaging Association Europe) e*Message in Berlin: Meeting of the Board of the Conference on Friday, April 24 prepared, and even the World Conference, which will be provided end of September in Prague.

Derek Banner, president of CMA-E opened the board meeting and brought the issue straight to the point:

“The day by day communication infrastructure creates — the more we see real risks of failures — all day more need for alternative and complementary communication infrastructure such as the NP2M (including paging).”

How right he is so, show us the daily news from around the world: massive blackouts, regional power outages, covert cyber attacks. Even now realized how current the themes of the conference the following day will be — we look forward to it!

Editor: This came in at the last minute. Thank you Dr. Gollnick for this report on the CMA meeting in Berlin.


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One of the biggest disappointments in my life happened while I was serving in the U.S. Navy. I wanted to be a jet fighter pilot, and an officer — more than anything I have ever wanted, so I applied to go to flight school. There were lots of written tests for college credit, physical exams, and even a psychological exam. (Doctor: “How are you today sailor?” Me: “Fine sir!” Doctor: “Passed . . . next.” )

After passing all the tests, I went to the Naval Air Station in San Diego, California for the final physical exam before going to flight school in Pensacola, Florida. Everything was going well, until I got to the eye test. The examiner said, “You are so close that I could pass you or fail you, but I am going to fail you because you would fail for sure in Pensacola, and you would be much more disappointed then than you are now.” (I didn't even need to wear glasses at the time.)

Over the years, I have reconciled this “failure” to actually be a blessing in disguise. This happened just before the start of the war in Vietnam where thousands of young Navy pilots were killed.


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A U.S. Air Force F-22 Raptor takes to the sky at the Gulf Coast Salute open house and air show over Tyndall Air Force Base near Panama City, Florida, in this picture taken April 11 and released April 15, 2015.
(Photo by Tech. Sgt. Javier Cruz/Reuters/U.S. Air Force)

Source:AVAX News

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