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Friday — January 2, 2015 — Issue No. 638

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Reference Papers Consulting Glossary of Terms Send an e-mail to Brad Dye

Dear Friends of Wireless Messaging,

Well here we are in 2015 already. It seemed to me that 2014 went by quickly. Like most years it had a mix of good and bad events, but my goal this year is to remember the good ones. I don't usually make a list of my New Year's Resolutions, but here goes for 2015:

  • A more healthy lifestyle
  • Being kind to others
  • Get caught up with my newsletter invoicing and customer correspondence
  • Increase newsletter reader subscriptions
  • Attract more advertisers and supporters

If you are so inclined, here are some suggestions for what you can do to help the newsletter:

  • Recommend the newsletter to your friends and colleagues
  • Suggest — to the companies that you buy related products and services from — that they advertise in the newsletter
  • Submit articles about any related topics such as:
    • Emergency Radio Communications
    • Wireless Messaging
    • Critical Messaging
    • Telemetry (over paging channels)
    • Paging
    • Wi-Fi

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The Interview

I just finished watching the movie, The Interview. It was very funny, but included lots of profanity, and graphic violence. Due to all the controversy, and the initial decision to not release it — because of all the threats — I think it will probably be even more popular and will make more money for Sony than had they followed their original plan. It is human nature — if you tell us we can't do something — it sometimes makes us even more determined to do it anyway. This “B-grade” movie will most likely be a big hit.

There is a good review of the movie in The New Yorker, here. left arrow

DVDs of 'The Interview' will be airdropped on North Korea

by Jon Fingas | @jonfingas | January 1st 2015 at 4:02 am

Sony's once-forbidden The Interview is now seemingly ubiquitous, but there's one place where you can't get it: North Korea, the country that inspired the movie (and allegedly, the hacking campaign) in the first place. If defector and activist Park Sang-hak has his way, though, North Koreans will see that movie whether or not their government approves. Park plans to use balloons to airdrop 100,000 copies of the comedy (both on DVD and USB drives) in the country starting in late January. In theory, North Koreans will have second thoughts about Kim Jong-un's rule once they see him as less than perfect — and if you've seen the movie, you know how eagerly it knocks Kim off his pedestal.

It's an ambitious plan that's bound to irk the North Korean regime. However, the challenge isn't so much getting the balloons to their targets as it is finding Northerners who can watch The Interview at all. Few in the isolated nation even own computers or DVD players, and those that do are likely to be either afraid of getting caught or pampered government workers who'd rather not rock the boat. Besides, more than a few people would argue that the flick isn't a ringing endorsement for the democratic way of life. All the same, it's fun to think that some Northerners will soon have a relatively easy way to watch a movie their leadership has been railing against for weeks.

[source] engadget

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Now on to the news and views.


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Wireless Messaging News
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  • Critical Messaging
  • Telemetry
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  • Wi-Fi
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About Us

A new issue of the Wireless Messaging Newsletter is posted on the web each week. A notification goes out by e-mail to subscribers on most Fridays around noon central US time. The notification message has a link to the actual newsletter on the web. That way it doesn't fill up your incoming e-mail account.

There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. Readers are a very select group of wireless industry professionals, and include the senior managers of many of the world's major Paging and Wireless Messaging companies. There is an even mix of operations managers, marketing people, and engineers — so I try to include items of interest to all three groups. It's all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology.

I regularly get readers' comments, so this newsletter has become a community forum for the Paging, and Wireless Messaging communities. You are welcome to contribute your ideas and opinions. Unless otherwise requested, all correspondence addressed to me is subject to publication in the newsletter and on my web site. I am very careful to protect the anonymity of those who request it.

I spend the whole week searching the Internet for news that I think may be of interest to you — so you won't have to. This newsletter is an aggregator — a service that aggregates news from other news sources. You can help our community by sharing any interesting news that you find.

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Editorial Policy

Editorial Opinion pieces present only the opinions of the author. They do not necessarily reflect the views of any of advertisers or supporters. This newsletter is independent of any trade association.

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Back To Paging


Still The Most Reliable Protocol For Wireless Messaging!

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free There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. It's all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology.

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You can help support the Wireless Messaging News by clicking on the PayPal Donate button above. It is not necessary to be a member of PayPal to use this service.

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Newspapers generally cost 75¢ $1.50 a copy and they hardly ever mention paging or wireless messaging, unless in a negative way. If you receive some benefit from this publication maybe you would like to help support it financially?

A donation of $50.00 would certainly help cover a one-year period. If you are wiling and able, please click on the PayPal Donate button above.

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Newsletter Advertising


If you are reading this, your potential customers are reading it as well.

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Advertiser Index

American Messaging
Critical Alert Systems
Critical Response Systems
Easy Solutions
Hark Technologies
Infostream Pty Limited
Ira Wiesenfeld & Associates
Leavitt Communications
Preferred Wireless
Prism Paging
Product Support Services — (PSSI)
Paging & Wireless Network Planners LLC — (Ron Mercer)
STI Engineering
WaveWare Technologies

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American Messaging

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American Messaging

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WaveWare Technologies

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2630 National Dr., Garland, TX 75041

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New Products

SPS-5v9E Paging System

  • 1 Serial Port Connection
  • 2 Ethernet Connections
  • Browser and Serial Port Configuration
  • TAP, COMP2, Scope, WaveWare SNPP, COMP2, & PET Protocols
  • 2W, 5W Option

DMG Protocol Converter

  • Linux Based Embedded System
  • Up to 4 Serial Port Connections
  • Ethernet Connections
  • Browser Configuration
  • Protocol Conversion
  • Additional Protocols Available Soon

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WaveWare Technologies

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Easy Solutions

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easy solutions

Easy Solutions provides cost effective computer and wireless solutions at affordable prices. We can help in most any situation with your communications systems. We have many years of experience and a vast network of resources to support the industry, your system and an ever changing completive landscape.

  • We treat our customers like family. We don't just fix problems . . . We recommend and implement better cost effective solutions.
  • We are not just another vendor . . . We are a part of your team. All the advantages of high priced full time employment without the cost.
  • We are not in the Technical Services business . . . We are in the Customer Satisfaction business.

Experts in Paging Infrastructure

  • Glenayre, Motorola, Unipage, etc.
  • Excellent Service Contracts
  • Full Service—Beyond Factory Support
  • Contracts for Glenayre and other Systems starting at $100
  • Making systems More Reliable and MORE PROFITABLE for over 30 years.

Please see our web site for exciting solutions designed specifically for the Wireless Industry. We also maintain a diagnostic lab and provide important repair and replacement parts services for Motorola and Glenayre equipment. Call or e-mail us for more information.

Easy Solutions
3220 San Simeon Way
Plano, Texas 75023

Vaughan Bowden
Telephone: 972-898-1119

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Easy Solutions

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Microsoft's reported 'Spartan' browser will be lighter, more flexible than Internet Explorer

Mark Hachman
Dec 29, 2014 12:14 PM

Instead of revamping Internet Explorer for the launch of Windows 10, a new report claims Microsoft plans to start from scratch with a new browser, dubbed “Spartan.”

Mary Jo Foley of ZDNet reported Monday that Spartan could ship alongside Internet Explorer 11 in Windows 10, due sometime in the latter half of 2015. The purpose of Spartan is twofold, Foley reports: first, as a lightweight alternative to IE, but with the foundation for third-party extensions; and as a marketing “do-over” for Internet Explorer, to do away with Internet Explorer’s legacy once and for all.

Finally, Foley suggests that eventually Spartan could debut on alternative platforms like iOS and Android, much like the Bing search app can replace the search widget on Android devices, for example.

Technically, the browser will use Microsoft’s Chakra JavaScript engine and Microsoft’s Trident rendering engine (not WebKit), according to Foley. But the more interesting aspect is probably Microsoft’s marketing thrust.

In aggregate, Microsoft’s Internet Explorer is still the most popular browser in the world, holding steady at 58 percent of the user base throughout all of 2014, according to NetApplications. Google’s Chrome is steadily climbing, however, from 16.4 percent to over 20 percent at the end of November. (Opera and Firefox are steadily losing share.)

But Microsoft still seems determined to pick at the scab of its legacy browsers, with a video campaign mocking “the browser you loved to hate” and similar exercises. (IE 6 still stands as one of the 25 worst tech products ever invented.) Chrome developed as an alternative to Microsoft’s conservatism in standards adoption, and Chrome still stands atop IE in terms of support for HTML5 standards. Nevertheless, most would argue that IE has substantially improved from prior versions, even if some techies pooh-pooh using it in favor of an alternative.

It would seem, however, that Microsoft might be best served by making Spartan a choice in upcoming tech previews, then settling on a single browser for future versions. Assuming that Spartan lives up to what Foley says are its promises—lightweight, standards-compliant, available on multiple platforms—then Microsoft could launch Spartan as Apple launched OS X: a radical revamp, yes, but one with enormous benefits as a foundation for future development. We’ll be interested to see what strategy Microsoft pursues.



State-of-the-art paging network infrastructure, fully supported at an affordable price – and it integrates with your other gear, include most makes of transmitters

Whether you are replacing or upgrading your existing network or building out new infrastructure, Infostream has the new equipment and systems that you need.

  • Optimised for mission critical and public safety networks
  • Highly integrated base station controller
    • GPS
    • 3G modem
    • HTML User Interface
    • Ethernet switch, IP and router
    • Optional integrated radio modems
    • Dual channel capable
    • Integrated off-air (self monitoring) receiver
  • Ultra high reliability configuration (99.999%)
  • Message encryption plug-in
  • Fully featured central site VOIP, CAD, HTML, TAP, TNPP, SMPP access
  • NMS integration including Nagios, SNMP and syslog
  • Comprehensive diagnostics including adjacent site monitoring
  • Deployed internationally in mission critical applications
  • 21 years of industry experience in design, build and integration

Infostream is a world leading supplier of paging and messaging infrastructure, specialized paging receivers and consultancy services. The company was founded in 1993 and has engineered and supplied equipment for some of the largest public safety networks and private paging customers around the world.

Medical • Fire • Police • Security • Mining • Petrochemicals • Financial Markets • Telemetry • Custom Applications

infostreamInfostream Pty Limited
Suite 10, 7 Narabang Way, Belrose, NSW 2085, AUSTRALIA
Sales Email: | Phone: +61 2 9986 3588 | Afterhours: +61 417 555 525

Ivy Corp



Please click the Learn More button.



Teletouch Paging, LP

critical alert

Is now hiring for a Field Service Technician in the Memphis, Tennessee area

Please contact Melinda Caragan at
904-203-1149 or send resumes to


Critical Response Systems

More than Paging.
First Responder Solutions.

Our patented technology notifies clinical personnel immediately, while tracking who receives and responds to each alarm. Users confirm or defer each event with a single button press, and analytic dashboards display response statistics in real time, as well as historically broken down by time, unit, room, and individual.

Our systems not only notify your personnel quickly and reliably, but also provide actionable feedback to fine-tune your procedures, reduce unnecessary alarms, and improve patient outcomes.



6 Biggest Tech Debuts to Watch in 2015

John Brandon / Inc.
Dec. 23, 2014

An even thinner iPhone, a smarter car, and maybe even a Wi-Fi maker robot could be coming our way


This post is in partnership with Inc., which offers useful advice, resources and insights to entrepreneurs and business owners. The article below was originally published at

Technology is always advancing, but it can be hard to know which advancements are really worth watching. Next year, these giant leaps forward could impact your business. An even thinner iPhone, a smarter car, and maybe even a Wi-Fi maker robot could debut next year.

1. Adobe Photoshop Web

Last week, Adobe announced they are working on a pilot project for Adobe Photoshop to run on the Web. This is a bigger milestone than you might expect. In a demo, I saw how the app looks the same as it does in Windows and the Mac. The app is housed on a cloud server, then streamed (almost like a video) to the browser. Each click and action is interpreted by JavaScript but the processing takes place in the cloud. When all desktops apps run on the Web, there won’t be a need for the desktop anymore. All you will need is a thin Web client. The project is a pre-alpha but I’m hoping it goes mainstream.

2. Apple iPhone Air

Apple will likely release their thinnest model yet next fall and finally use the iPhone Air nomenclature. What might not seem as obvious with this model, especially among consumers who think this is just a follow-up to the iPhone 6 Plus, is that Apple will likely debut some new battery technology based on tech from 2014 that revealed how phones will charge in a few minutes, not an hour. In fact, in a sense, it’s already here. I’m expecting the iPhone Air to last two days instead of one. My prediction: It will be even thinner, much lighter, and might even have a slight curve like the LG G Flex.

3. Microsoft Surface Phone

After the success of the Surface Pro 3 (according to Gartner, market share for this tablet that also runs desktop apps grew a full one percentage point in Q3 of 2014), Microsoft will likely make a smaller tablet version similar to the iPad Mini. There are already widespread rumors on this one. My prediction is that Microsoft will take the Surface name and use it for a new smartphone (replacing the Windows Phone), but the big surprise is that computer chip technology, battery tech, and a few other innovations will mean this phone will also run Windows desktop apps like Photoshop or that one legacy accounting program you still use. We really won’t need to take a laptop on business trips at that point.

4. Belkin WeMo Maker

The maker movement is partly the result of lower cost 3D printing hardware, innovative small factories taking advantage of services like Maker’s Row, and just a desire to get back to the basics of more localized manufacturing and production. Yet, it’s also built on low-cost hardware, sensors, batteries, and other DIY kits (this is what essentially birthed the company 3D Robotics). One new sensor, the Belkin WeMo Maker, just came out and costs only $80. I’m expecting gadgets like this and the FirstBuild sensor to create a bigger buzz next year than they are making now. Using these low-cost wireless sensors, makers will be able to get more gadgets connected to the Internet–even things like curling irons (did you leave it on?) and your pool (is it clean?). My hope? They will also start building more robots that are connected to your home and, I don’t know, mop up after you.

5. Google Material Design

It might feel like an inside baseball project, but Google is pretty serious about revamping the look and feel of every app. It all started with Google Inbox and the Nexus 6 smartphone. Material Design is a user interface concept that mimics how real paper looks and acts. Virtual “sheets” or notecards might have different lighting, thickness, or weight that mimic real cards. It’s cleaner, has more white space, and more colorful than the apps you use now, like Gmail. The big impact is that all of the Google products we use, from scheduling to location finding, will use this flat, clean look.

6. Toyota Mirai

I always like to include at least one car in my tech predictions, because automotive technology always seems to create a trickle-down effect. What starts with a car–like sensors that detect pedestrians or cameras that monitor traffic–might end up in other products. Toyota will finally debut the first production hydrogen fuel cell car in mid 2015. The car will drive about 300 miles per fill. The best news? These cars do not create any emissions. They run just as clean as a battery-powered EV but can be “refueled” much faster–usually about ten minutes.


Specialists in sales and service of equipment from these leading manufacturers, as well as other two-way radio and paging products:

UNICATIONbendix king

motorola blue Motorola SOLUTIONS

COMmotorola red Motorola MOBILITY spacer
Philip C. Leavitt
Leavitt Communications
7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253
Web Site:
Mobile phone:847-494-0000
Skype ID:pcleavitt

STI Engineering

sti header

250W VHF Paging Transmitter

STI Engineering's RFI-148 250 high performance paging transmitter features true DDS frequency generation that enables precise control and flexibility for a wide range of data transmission applications.

The transmitter is particularly suitable for large simulcast POCSAG and FLEX paging networks and can be used as drop-in replacement of older and obsolete transmitters. The unit has a proven track record in large scale critical messaging systems.

sti tx
  • High power output
    (selectable from 20 W - 250 W)
  • SNMP Diagnostics and alarms
  • Full VHF Band coverage
    (138-174 MHz)
  • DSP precision modulation
  • Integrated isolator
  • Sniffer port for in-rack receiver
  • Remote firmware upgrade capability
  • Software selectable frequency offset
  • Adjustable absolute delay correction
  • Front panel diagnostics
  • Hardware alarm outputs
  • High frequency stability
  • External reference option
  • FCC and ACMA approved
  • CE compliant version in development
22 Boulder Road Malaga 6090 Western Australia
Telephone:  +61 8 9209 0900
Facsimile:  +61 8 9248 2833

Product Support Services, Inc.

Repair and Refurbishment Services

pssi logo


Product Support Services, Inc.

511 South Royal Lane
Coppell, Texas 75019
(972) 462-3970 Ext. 261 left arrow left arrow

PSSI is the industry leader in reverse logistics, our services include depot repair, product returns management, RMA and RTV management, product audit, test, refurbishment, re-kitting and value recovery.

Leavitt Communications

its stil here

It's still here — the tried and true Motorola Alphamate 250. Now owned, supported, and available from Leavitt Communications. Call us for new or reconditioned units, parts, manuals, and repairs.

We also offer refurbished Alphamate 250's, Alphamate IIs, the original Alphamate and new and refurbished pagers, pager repairs, pager parts and accessories. We are FULL SERVICE in Paging!

E-mail Phil Leavitt ( ) for pricing and delivery information or for a list of other available paging and two-way related equipment.

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Phil Leavitt

leavitt logo

7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

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Hark Technologies

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hark logo

Wireless Communication Solutions

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USB Paging Encoder

paging encoder

  • Single channel up to eight zones
  • Connects to Linux computer via USB
  • Programmable timeouts and batch sizes
  • Supports 2-tone, 5/6-tone, POCSAG 512/1200/2400, GOLAY
  • Supports Tone Only, Voice, Numeric, and Alphanumeric
  • PURC or direct connect
  • Pictured version mounts in 5.25" drive bay
  • Other mounting options available
  • Available as a daughter board for our embedded Internet Paging Terminal (IPT)

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Paging Data Receiver (PDR)


  • Frequency agile—only one receiver to stock
  • USB or RS-232 interface
  • Two contact closures
  • End-user programmable w/o requiring special hardware
  • 16 capcodes
  • Eight contact closure version also available
  • Product customization available

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Other products

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Please see our web site for other products including Internet Messaging Gateways, Unified Messaging Servers, test equipment, and Paging Terminals.

Hark Technologies
717 Old Trolley Rd Ste 6 #163
Summerville, SC 29485
Tel: 843-821-6888
Fax: 843-821-6894
E-mail: left arrow CLICK
Web: left arrow CLICK

hark David George and Bill Noyes
of Hark Technologies.

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Hark Technologies

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Preferred Wireless

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preferred logo

Terminals & Controllers:
1ASC1500 Complete, w/Spares  
3Glenayre GL C2100 Link Repeaters
3CNET Platinum Controllers 
2GL3100 RF Director 
1GL3000 ES — 2 Chassis
40SkyData 8466 B Receivers
1GL3000L Complete w/Spares
1Unipage—Many Unipage Cards & Chassis
16Zetron M66 Transmitter Controllers  
Link Transmitters:
1QT-5701, 35W, UHF, Link Transmitter
4Glenayre QT4201 25W Midband Link TX
1Glenayre QT6994, 150W, 900 MHz Link TX
3Motorola 10W, 900 MHz Link TX (C35JZB6106)
2Eagle 900 MHz Link Transmitters, 60 & 80W
2Motorola Q2630A, 30W, UHF Link TX
VHF Paging Transmitters
1Glenayre QT7505
1Glenayre QT8505
1Nucleus VHF, 125W, Advanced Control
UHF Paging Transmitters:
20Glenayre UHF GLT5340, 125W, DSP Exciter
900 MHz Paging Transmitters:
2Glenayre GLT8200, 25W (NEW)
15Glenayre GLT-8500 250W
3Glenayre GLT 8600, 500W

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Too Much To List • Call or E-Mail

Rick McMichael
Preferred Wireless, Inc.
10658 St. Charles Rock Rd.
St. Louis, MO 63074
888-429-4171 or 314-429-3000 left arrow

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Preferred Wireless

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critical alert CA Partner’s Program

Providing better communications solutions to hospitals across the country — together!

For CAS, strong partnerships remain key to providing our software-based communications solutions to our customers. These solutions include:

ca dr and nurse
nurse call systemscritical messaging solutionsmobile health applications

We provide the communication, training and resources required to become a CA partner. In turn, our partners provide customers with the highest levels of local service & support. CA Partners may come from any number of business sectors, including:

  • Service Providers
  • System Integrators
  • Value Added Resellers and Distributors
  • Expert Contractors
If you would like to hear more about our CA Partners program, we’d love to hear from you.

Selected portions of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update, and/or the BloostonLaw Private Users Update — newsletters from the Law Offices of Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP are reproduced in this section with the firm's permission.

BloostonLaw Private Users UpdateVol. 15, No. 12December 2014

FCC Adopts Electronic Distribution of Wireless License Authorizations and Antenna Structure Registrations

The FCC has now adopted its proposal to make electronic delivery of license authorizations and ASR registrations the default method of delivery. As originally reported in our October 2014 Private User Update, the FCC’s process would provide for two methods of electronic delivery: (a) directly through the License Manager module in ULS or the Dashboard module in the ASR system or (b) via e-mail upon the grant of an application if the applicant provides the FCC with an e-mail address. The FCC acknowledged that not all users will want to receive their authorizations or registrations electronically and will therefore allow licensees and registrants the option of electing delivery of documents by U.S. Mail in the License Manager or Dashboard modules, even though the default delivery method will now be electronic delivery.

While electronic delivery of authorizations and registrations is ecologically sound, there are pitfalls that you should be aware of if you do not receive a paper copy in the mail. If the e-mail option is selected, it is possible that e-mails could be lost in cyberspace, accidentally deleted or directed to your SPAM filter. Additionally, the responsible person for FCC matters in your company may leave or change email address, and notifying the FCC of this change may be overlooked such that the e-mail is never received. Receipt of a paper document from the FCC will serve as an indication that an application has been granted and can be received without regard to personnel changes. Additionally, if your physical address is changed, you have the ability to have your mail forwarded to your new physical address by the US Postal Service for an interim period so that you can notify us to update your physical mailing address in the FCC’s licensing systems.

It is important to note that the “official” electronic authorizations or registrations that will be sent from the FCC via e-mail or through its License Manager or Dashboard modules will be the only official electronic documents that may be used. To protect the integrity of the FCC’s licensing systems, official licensing documents will contain a watermark which reads “Official Copy” when printed from the secure side of the FCC’s ULS database in order to distinguish it from FCC authorizations or registrations that are printed by the public from the public side of the ULS license database. Those authorization and registration copies will continue to bear a “Reference Copy” watermark and cannot be used as the official authorization or registration. As a result, Reference Copies cannot be relied upon for compliance with the FCC’s requirement that licensees maintain an official copy of the license authorization or ASR registration. Thus, if you elect electronic delivery, it will be critical for you to print off an official copy from either your e-mail (if you elect e-mail delivery) or your ULS dashboard account and not from the public side of the FCC’s ULS or ASR systems.

For the reasons discussed above, we recommend that all of our clients continue to receive their authorizations via the US Postal Service. In this way, you can avoid the potential pitfalls of non-delivery if there are personnel or e-mail address changes. Since the FCC’s default will now be authorizations via e-mail/electronic delivery, we recommend that your license records be updated to reflect the desire to receive authorizations via US Postal Service.

FCC Issues Warning – Signal Jammers Illegal, Even For State and Local Governments

The FCC is once again warning the public that the use of signal jammers is illegal. What is different about this warning is that the FCC has also targeted state and local governments, including state and local law enforcement agencies and educational institutions. Simply put, if you are not an authorized Federal agency, you may not utilize signal jamming equipment.

There are indications that various state and local agencies use signal jammers to block cell signals for a variety of reasons. Frequently, these are used in the jail/correctional and educational environments. The FCC’s latest warning indicates that even though state or local governmental agencies may have a public interest reason to block cellular signals in or near a particular facility, such action is illegal and could result in fines in excess of $100,000 per violation.

The use of signal jammers in the United States is not permitted because they are illegal radio frequency transmitters that are designed to block, jam or otherwise interfere with authorized radio communications – whether it be mobile two-way communications or commercial telephone two-way communications. As a result, these jammers indiscriminately block both cellular telephone communications and public safety radio communications, since the signal jammer is designed to block all radio communications on any device that is within range of the signal jammer. The blocking of cellular telephone communications makes it impossible for the user to make a 911 call in the event of an emergency. Additionally, even if a call can be made, a signal jammer can also block the GPS location data from a cell phone which can make it difficult for first responders to locate the emergency.

In addition to banning the operation of signal jammers in the United States, it is also illegal to import, market or sell these devices online, in stores or otherwise. Again, violations could result in the imposition of fines in excess of $100,000.

Federal Aviation Administration Streamlines its NOTAM System to Improve Light Outage Reporting

The Federal Aviation Administration has developed plans to streamline its processes with respect to Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs). NOTAMs are critical for aviation safety and are used to notify pilots of various conditions, including light outages and other lighting defects on antenna towers. Under the FCC’s Rules, tower owners are required to notify the FAA within 30 minutes of discovering a light outage or malfunction. Currently, the NOTAM is valid for 15 days, which means that the tower owner must again contact the FAA to cancel the NOTAM and have it reissued if the repairs have not been completed. In this regard, the FCC noted that there are circumstances where it is not possible to make repairs within the 15-day NOTAM period. Additionally, because NOTAMs are now submitted electronically, the FCC and FAA were concerned that the proliferation of electronic filings could make it difficult for the FAA and FCC to track the status of antenna tower – which could then have an adverse impact on aviation safety.

The FAA expects to complete the system upgrade to its NOTAM reporting system by mid-January 2015. Once the system upgrades are complete, tower owners will be able to self-select the amount of time needed to repair a faulty tower light or tower lighting. It is important to note that even though you will be able to select the time-period for the NOTAM, it is critical that it be affirmatively cancelled once repairs are complete, so that there is no pilot confusion.

The FCC believes that the new process will ease administrative burdens on tower owners by allowing them to determine how long the NOTAM will remain in effect. The FCC cautioned that it will continue to monitor NOTAMs and may investigate those where a tower owner selects an unusually long period to make a repair, as well as circumstances where multiple NOTAMs have been issued for the same antenna tower within a relatively short period of time or where a tower owner fails to cancel a NOTAM once repairs have been completed.

Controversy Abounds with Marriott Proposal to Allow Wi-Fi Blocking

In August 2014, Marriott International, Inc., Ryman Hospitality Partners and the American Hotel and Lodging Association requested that the FCC clarify the circumstances under which hotels may block customer Wi-Fi hotspots on their properties in order to protect the security of the hotel property’s Wi-Fi networks. In particular, the FCC was asked to clarify that use of FCC-authorized equipment in the monitoring of a Wi-Fi network to ensure the stability and reliability of the network would not violate the Communications Act or FCC’s Rules in those circumstances where its use also caused interference to mobile devices including Wi-Fi hotspots.

While the hotels have argued that the use of Wi-Fi hotspots can subject a hotel’s Wi-Fi system to hacking, news reports indicate that Google, Microsoft and others believe that the hotel industry’s petition is merely a ploy to force hotel guests and convention exhibitors to utilize expensive in-hotel Wi-Fi systems rather than mobile hot-spot devices that cellular carriers that have already been paid for.

In October, 2014, Marriott agreed to pay $600,000 to resolve an FCC investigation into whether Marriott had intentionally interfered with and disabled Wi-Fi networks established by consumers in the conference facilities of the Gaylord Opryland Hotel and Convention Center in Nashville, Tennessee, in violation of Section 333 of the Communications Act. This portion of the Act prohibits willfully or malicious interference to radio communications. In the course of the investigation, the FCC’s Enforcement Bureau determined that Marriott employees had used the containment features of a Wi-Fi monitoring system at the Gaylord Opryland to prevent individuals from connecting to the Internet via their own personal Wi-Fi networks, while at the same time charging consumers, small businesses, and exhibitors as much as $1,000 per device to access Marriott’s Wi-Fi network. In some cases, employees sent de-authentication packets to the targeted access points, which would dissociate consumers’ devices from their own Wi-Fi hotspot access points and, thus, disrupt consumers’ current Wi-Fi transmissions and prevent future transmissions.

FCC Order Implementing Changes to 700 MHz Public Safety Narrowband Spectrum Allocation Effective January 2, 2014

As reported in our October 2014 edition of the Private User Update, the FCC has adopted rules which will implement changes to the rules governing the 700 MHz public safety narrowband spectrum (769-775/799-805 MHz) that are designed to promote the flexible and efficient use of public safety spectrum in the 700 MHz band. With the exception of certain information collection requirements, these rules will be effective January 2, 2014.

The new rules eliminated the December 2016 interim deadline to narrowband these frequencies to 6.25 kHz wide channels, and revised and updated various technical rules in order to enhance interoperability and open up channels to new uses. Finally, the FCC released reserve spectrum in order to make sufficient spectrum available to licensees migrating from the UHF T-Band.

The FCC’s actions also include the following:

  • Re-designation of channels in the 700 MHz band that are currently licensed for secondary trunking operations for public safety aircraft voice operations, consistent with NPSTC’s 2010 proposal in order to facilitate air-ground use.
  • Declining to establish a Nationwide Interoperability Travel Channel.
  • Allowing voice operations on Data Interoperability Channels on a secondary basis.
  • Reallocating the Reserve Channels to General Use Channels and affording T-Band public safety licensees priority for licensing of the former Reserve Channels in T-Band areas.
  • Declining to increase the permissible 2 watt ERP for radios operating on the mobile-only low power channels.
  • Encouraging manufacturers of 700 MHz public safety radios to obtain Compliance Assessment Program (CAP) certification for new equipment to demonstrate that the equipment meets P25 interoperability standards as required by Section 90.548 of the Commission’s rules. CAP certification will presumptively establish compliance with Section 90.528; manufacturers that elect not to obtain CAP certification must disclose their basis for asserting compliance.
  • Encouraging Public Safety Licensees to incorporate CAP into their solicitations for supporting equipment.
  • Adopt rules governing the spectral output of signal boosters when simultaneously retransmitting multiple signals.
  • Adopting Effective Radiated Power (ERP) as a regulatory parameter in this band, in place of Transmitter Power Output (TPO).
  • Recommending (but not mandating) that 700 MHz radios operating on interoperability calling channels employ the Project 25 Network Access Code (NAC) $293. The FCC also clarified that 700 MHz radios must be capable of being programmed to any of the 64 interoperability channels, but that all interoperability channels do not have to be accessible to the radio’s user.
  • Clarifying that the rules do not allow analog operation on the 700 MHz interoperability channels.

FCC Grants Missouri Department of Public Safety Waiver of Station Identification Rules

The Missouri Department of Public Safety has received a waiver of Rule Section 90.559 – which requires that the transmission of digital station identifications on trunked systems to be on the lowest frequency utilized in a group of trunked channels. In requesting the waiver, the State of Missouri stated that its statewide radio network is a “Project 25 trunked multiband hybrid VHF/700/800 MHz statewide public safety network that provides state, local and federal interoperable communications capabilities . . . currently supporting over 21,000 radios and 800 agencies.” Additionally, Missouri stated that it developed a master list for control channels in 2012 and that several sites use a control channel from the master list that is the lowest frequency. As a result, Missouri submitted that the lowest channels cannot be designated for base station identification purposes since the periodic station identification would “’interrupt the constant service’ provided to the subscriber units by the control channel.”

In granting the rule waiver, the FCC concluded that the purpose of the rule to allow station identification would not be served by the rule itself and that requiring the Missouri to comply with the rule would be unduly burdensome. Because Missouri will be permitted to transmit its base station identification on other channels, the FCC concluded that the purpose of its rule would not be frustrated. Nonetheless, Missouri has indicated to the FCC that in future deployments, it will endeavor to make the lowest channel in a trunked channel array the designated channel for station identification where possible.

This newsletter is not intended to provide legal advice. Those interested in more information should contact the firm. For additional information, please contact Hal Mordkofsky at 202-828-5520 or .

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FBI Seeks New Crop of Good-Guy Hackers

Cyber Special Agents Face Dangers Other InfoSec Pros Don't

By Eric Chabrow, January 2, 2015.

Cyber recruits go through the same suspect-arrest training as all FBI agents.

The FBI is seeking to expand its roster of special agents with cybersecurity expertise. But the federal law enforcement agency confronts a number of challenges that recruiters in the private sector don't face. Those include offering relatively low salaries as well as potentially dangerous assignments.

Though compensation for some entry-level positions is competitive with many businesses, the FBI can't match the compensation the private sector offers for more experienced cybersecurity specialists.

In addition, the responsibilities of special agents go far beyond core technology duties to include various law enforcement tasks, such as participating in arrests, search warrants, raids and other dangerous assignments that "pose the risk of personal bodily harm," according to a current job posting for special agent/cyber.

Atypical IT Security Job

"Nobody should think that it's all about making forensic images of computers and sitting behind a desk; that's not an FBI agent's job," say Tim Ryan, a former FBI special agent and supervisor who oversaw the bureau's largest cybersquad.

"We want them to have all these computer skills, but you got to want them to understand coming in: you're an FBI agent," says Ryan, who's now managing director and cyber-practice leader at risk management adviser Kroll. "You'll carry a gun, be trained to defend yourself, defend others. And, when other people are running away from planes going into buildings, your job is to run toward that. You're not going to learn that in a SANS class or a computer science class."

The push to increase the FBI's roster of special agents with cybersecurity expertise comes at a time when a growing number of investigations involve cyber in some capacity. The FBI considers protecting America against cyber-based attacks as its No. 3 priority - after terrorist attacks and foreign espionage - and is actively engaged in the investigation of the nation's most notorious IT security breaches, including Sony Pictures Entertainment, Target and Home Depot.

"Cyber permeates every aspect of what we do, whether it's counter-terrorism, criminal investigations or traditional cyber-attacks, as we've seen in the recent past," says Robert Anderson Jr., executive director for the FBI's Criminal, Cyber, Response and Services Branch. "That's why these type of people are so important to get into the pipeline and come into our organization."

In an FBI video, Robert Anderson Jr. discusses the special agent/cyber recruiting program.

The current job posting for special agents/cyber - the FBI expects to recruit fewer than 100 in this round of hirings - emphasizes situations and skills not normally found in private-sector IT security jobs. First, the hiring process is lengthy, taking up to a year. Once hired, rookie agents spend 19 weeks in training in Quantico, Va., away from their families. When training is done, the new agents will be assigned to one of 56 field offices located throughout the United States, including Puerto Rico. And, throughout their careers, special agents must be available for temporary duty assignments anywhere in the world. The minimum work week is 50 hours, and agents must be on call 24x7, including holidays and weekends.

"FBI employees work hard," says former FBI Deputy Assistant Director for Cyber Steve Chabinsky, general counsel and chief risk officer at CrowdStrike, a provider of endpoint security wares. "Still, applications to join the FBI always far outnumber the actual job vacancies. The FBI is a cool place to work because FBI employees have the satisfaction of working on the most important investigations, with access to the most sensitive information, and the ability to stop massive attacks."

The Mission

The FBI's Anderson says the bureau's mission is unlike anything a cybersecurity expert would face in the private sector, focusing on national security cyber-investigations or major, complex criminal probes with a cyber nexus. "The biggest thing you can offer to anyone that comes to work at the FBI is the mission and the scale of investigations that you work inside the FBI," Anderson says. "It doesn't matter where you go, it doesn't matter who you work for, you can't get that anywhere else but the FBI."

Kroll's Ryan says the FBI can offer its cyber special agents something that the private sector can't: experience combining in-person and electronic investigations. "It's not just conducting computer forensics, but how to do [live] investigations as well, which can be different. You're just not going to get that kind of investigative experience outside the FBI."

Tim Ryan explains how his FBI training helps him solve cases at Kroll.

To become an agent, recruits must be physical fit and pass a medical exam and endure a rigorous background investigation, credit checks and a polygraph in order to obtain a top-secret security clearance.

Pay Comparison

No one will get rich being an FBI special agent with a cybersecurity specialty. The job posting for special agent/cyber lists a pay range of $59,340 to $76,568. According to a survey conducted earlier this year by the SANS Institute, which offers IT security training, the average annual income of a forensic investigator is $67,273 for someone with zero to three years of experience and $83,624 for those with four to six years of experience (see Why InfoSec Pay Shows Lackluster Gains). The same survey reveals a security engineer earns an average of $70,238 a year with zero to three years and $97,128 with four to six years of experience.

"While it will be harder to sway senior cyber engineers and technicians from their jobs, the bureau's call will appeal to those who are trying to get real, boots on the ground skills and those looking to deepen the type of working they are doing," says Christopher Pierson, chief security officer at the secure invoicing and payments network Viewpost and former president of the Phoenix chapter of InfraGard, an FBI-private sector partnership that shares threat information.

Kroll's Ryan says he expects many of the applicants will be individuals with cyber expertise who have long wanted to join the FBI or other law enforcement agencies. Indeed, he says an underlying message of the current job posting is that individuals who want to become FBI agents should not major in criminal justice but rather select a field that the bureau seeks, such as cybersecurity.

Follow Eric Chabrow on Twitter: @GovInfoSecurity

Source:Gov Info Security


Prism Paging


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From:Raja, SETLUR RAGHAVAN via LinkedIn
Subject: Merry Christmas and Greetings for the New Year
Date:December 25, 2014 at 2:10:50 AM CST
To:Brad Dye

Dear Brad Sir,

Thank you for accepting the invite. I am so delighted to find you and reconnect with you after almost 19 - 20 years! Yes, you may not even recollect, but I have read your book on paging and written e-mails to you as a young engineer who just started a career in paging in '94. Those were the days!

I wish you and you family in advance for a very happy new year and season's greetings!



Enterprise Digital Transformation Leader — SMAC & Mobility Platforms  

From:Tom Cook
Subject: J.P Poole passed away
Date:December 30, 2014 at 6:36:36 PM CST
To:Ann Phillips
Cc:Brad Dye

Ann:   I'm really sorry to hear about J.P.   He was a wonderful gentleman and I always enjoyed visiting and talking with him, and he loved to talk for hours!   We acquired his Azcom operation in AZ. a number of years back and I believe he was very happy to call it quits.  J.P. was one of the original RCC carriers who fought his battles with passion and emotion . . . as did almost all of the RCC founding fathers whose livelihood often hung by a shoe string.  Swell guy and best to his family and friends.

Tom----- Original Message -----
From: Ann Phillips
To: Tom Cook
Sent: Tuesday, December 30, 2014 12:19 AM

Hope all is well.

Received news J.P Poole passed away Sunday Dec 28.

Have a safe and Happy New Year's.

From:Doug Musser
Subject: A bit of paging history
Date:December 19, 2014 at 3:29:28 PM CST
To:Brad Dye


I was fortunate enough to work for a company in North Mississippi called CTI in the 1970s and 80s that produced one of the very first Automatic Dial Access (rotary click counting) tone and voice paging terminals sold to the RCC paging industry. The initial owners were Jim Tucker and Charles Weeks.

I just stumbled across this nugget which was the schematic for our very first model, the "CTI 101".

As you can see, it was hand drawn on the back of a local poster advertising a Jubilee in our home town of Corinth, Mississippi.

CTI went on to be a leading supplier of paging terminals and mobile telephone interconnects for small town carriers. Eventually they designed a small Cellular switch and sold to a company called Plexus.

Doug Musser
Director of Field Sales and Business Development
Apollo Digital Paging Co. 


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Life's Lessons

  • As long as I can blame someone else or some event for my troubles, I am totally powerless to change them.
  • Once I realize that almost everything that happens to me is a direct result of my beliefs or my behavior, then I can take action to effect a positive change in my life.
  • Most of our unhappiness comes from wishing that things were like we want them to be and not how they actually are.
  • Acceptance is the answer to all of our problems.
  • “It is what it is.”
  • For that small percentage of things that happen to me that I have absolutely no control over, I do have control over how I respond to them. I am in charge — not of the whole world — only of myself.
  • What other people think of me is none of my business.
  • Prayer
    • I have given up asking God to stop the clock, to change the past, or to intervene in this world by altering the laws of physics, just to make me feel better. I think He has better things to do.
    • The Serenity Prayer
      • God, grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change,
      • The courage to change the things I can,
      • And the wisdom to know the difference.
  • The answer to The Serenity Prayer
    • I can't change other people.
    • I can't change the world.
    • I can only change myself — and that is, with God's help.
Source:Good advice that I have received and I am passing on to you.



An opposition activist is detained by Cuban security officers before the start of a march marking International Human Rights Day in Havana, Cuba, on Dec. 10. The march was organized by the "Damas de Blanco," or Women in White, a pro-democracy group of women activists. The demonstrators where picked up by the police as soon as they arrived, while hundreds of pro-government loyalist sang patriotic songs and slogans.

Source:NBC News

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