newsletter logo

Wireless News Aggregation

Friday — January 30, 2015 — Issue No. 642

Paging and Wireless Messaging Home Page image Newsletter Archive image Carrier Directory image Recommended Products and Services
Reference Papers Consulting Glossary of Terms Send an e-mail to Brad Dye

Dear Friends of Wireless Messaging,

Welcome back. I hope you enjoy this issue of The Wireless Messaging News.

black line

Since the end of 2014 VCP International has no longer been the US distributor of Daviscomms Pagers. Daviscomms (S) Pte. Ltd. is based in Singapore and is a well-known manufacturer of pagers based on Motorola designs (and other products as well).

With 10 years of product design and manufacturing experiences, Daviscomms has a wide range of product design and manufacturing services to offer, including wireless platform technology in paging, 2.4GHz/433MHz proprietary protocol, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, Zigbee, GPS, GPRS and GSM.

In fact—if I have the story right—several of their owner/engineers worked for Motorola in Singapore before starting Daviscomms.

WaveWare Technologies, managed by our friend Curtis Rock in Dallas is the new distributor.

Daviscomms has also opened an office in Chicago. More information will follow as it becomes available.

black line

Canada's digital spies are watching what you download

by Jon Fingas
January 28, 2015

It's not just American and British spies who want to know what you're downloading. Documents leaked by Edward Snowden reveal that Canada's digital surveillance agency, the Communication Security Establishment, has been monitoring the file transfer activity of at least 102 sites, including Megaupload (while it was running), Rapidshare and Sendspace. The effort, codenamed Levitation, is meant to spot foreign terrorists using these file services to conduct their operations. It may only net a user's IP address in many cases, but the CSE can run its findings through databases from allied intelligence agencies (such as GCHQ and the NSA) to get names, email addresses and other personal details.

Officials will only say that they're “clearly mandated” to scoop up foreign data in order to protect the country, and there's evidence that it sometimes works — they found details of a hostage-taking strategy this way, for instance. As with other mass surveillance programs, though, the concern is that innocent people (including Canadians) are getting caught up in the dragnet. It's not clear how much data the CSE has, how long it's allowed to keep that content, and whether or not it's handing information over to other nations for their own purposes. Without further accountability, it's hard to know that the government in the Great White North is handling your download data in a responsible way.

[Image credit: the author, Flickr]

Source: engadget

black line

Now on to more news and views.


The Weather in
Wayne County‚ Illinois

Find more about Weather in Fairfield, IL
Click for weather forecast

Wireless Messaging News
  • Emergency Radio Communications
  • Wireless Messaging
  • Critical Messaging
  • Telemetry
  • Paging
  • Wi-Fi
wireless logo medium

black line

About Us

A new issue of the Wireless Messaging Newsletter is posted on the web each week. A notification goes out by e-mail to subscribers on most Fridays around noon central US time. The notification message has a link to the actual newsletter on the web. That way it doesn’t fill up your incoming e-mail account.

There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. Readers are a very select group of wireless industry professionals, and include the senior managers of many of the world’s major Paging and Wireless Messaging companies. There is an even mix of operations managers, marketing people, and engineers — so I try to include items of interest to all three groups. It’s all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology.

I regularly get readers’ comments, so this newsletter has become a community forum for the Paging, and Wireless Messaging communities. You are welcome to contribute your ideas and opinions. Unless otherwise requested, all correspondence addressed to me is subject to publication in the newsletter and on my web site. I am very careful to protect the anonymity of those who request it.

I spend the whole week searching the Internet for news that I think may be of interest to you — so you won’t have to. This newsletter is an aggregator — a service that aggregates news from other news sources. You can help our community by sharing any interesting news that you find.

black line

Editorial Policy

Editorial Opinion pieces present only the opinions of the author. They do not necessarily reflect the views of any of advertisers or supporters. This newsletter is independent of any trade association.

black line

Back To Paging


Still The Most Reliable Protocol For Wireless Messaging!

black line


* required field

If you would like to subscribe to the newsletter just fill in the blanks in the form above, and then click on the “Subscribe” bar.

free There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. It’s all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology.

black line


black line


black line

Valid CSS!

black line


black line

Can You Help The Newsletter?

left arrow

You can help support the Wireless Messaging News by clicking on the PayPal Donate button above. It is not necessary to be a member of PayPal to use this service.

black line

Reader Support

black line

Newspapers generally cost 75¢ $1.50 a copy and they hardly ever mention paging or wireless messaging, unless in a negative way. If you receive some benefit from this publication maybe you would like to help support it financially?

A donation of $50.00 would certainly help cover a one-year period. If you are wiling and able, please click on the PayPal Donate button above.

black line

black line

Newsletter Advertising


If you are reading this, your potential customers are reading it as well.

Please click here to find out how.

black line

Advertiser Index

American Messaging
Critical Alert Systems
Critical Response Systems
Easy Solutions
Hark Technologies
Infostream Pty Limited
Ira Wiesenfeld & Associates
Leavitt Communications
Preferred Wireless
Prism Paging
Product Support Services — (PSSI)
Paging & Wireless Network Planners LLC — (Ron Mercer)
STI Engineering
WaveWare Technologies

Product Support Services, Inc.

Repair and Refurbishment Services

pssi logo


Product Support Services, Inc.

511 South Royal Lane
Coppell, Texas 75019
(972) 462-3970 Ext. 261 left arrow left arrow

PSSI is the industry leader in reverse logistics, our services include depot repair, product returns management, RMA and RTV management, product audit, test, refurbishment, re-kitting and value recovery.

black line

American Messaging

black line


black line

American Messaging

black line


black line

WaveWare Technologies

black line

2630 National Dr., Garland, TX 75041

black line

New Products

SPS-5v9E Paging System

  • 1 Serial Port Connection
  • 2 Ethernet Connections
  • Browser and Serial Port Configuration
  • TAP, COMP2, Scope, WaveWare SNPP, COMP2, & PET Protocols
  • 2W, 5W Option

DMG Protocol Converter

  • Linux Based Embedded System
  • Up to 4 Serial Port Connections
  • Ethernet Connections
  • Browser Configuration
  • Protocol Conversion
  • Additional Protocols Available Soon

black line

WaveWare Technologies

black line


black line

Easy Solutions

black line

easy solutions

Easy Solutions provides cost effective computer and wireless solutions at affordable prices. We can help in most any situation with your communications systems. We have many years of experience and a vast network of resources to support the industry, your system and an ever changing completive landscape.

  • We treat our customers like family. We don’t just fix problems . . . We recommend and implement better cost effective solutions.
  • We are not just another vendor . . . We are a part of your team. All the advantages of high priced full time employment without the cost.
  • We are not in the Technical Services business . . . We are in the Customer Satisfaction business.

Experts in Paging Infrastructure

  • Glenayre, Motorola, Unipage, etc.
  • Excellent Service Contracts
  • Full Service—Beyond Factory Support
  • Contracts for Glenayre and other Systems starting at $100
  • Making systems More Reliable and MORE PROFITABLE for over 30 years.

Please see our web site for exciting solutions designed specifically for the Wireless Industry. We also maintain a diagnostic lab and provide important repair and replacement parts services for Motorola and Glenayre equipment. Call or e-mail us for more information.

Easy Solutions
3220 San Simeon Way
Plano, Texas 75023

Vaughan Bowden
Telephone: 972-898-1119

black line

Easy Solutions

black line

U.S. FCC warns against blocking personal Wi-Fi access

Wednesday, 28 Jan 2015 | 7:30 AM ET

Getty Images
Federal Communications Commission Chairman Tom Wheeler

The U.S. Federal Communications Commission on Tuesday warned hotels and other entities against blocking personal Wi-Fi access, or hot spots, saying it was illegal and could incur heavy fines.

"The Enforcement Bureau has seen a disturbing trend in which hotels and other commercial establishments block wireless consumers from using their own personal Wi-Fi hot spots on the commercial establishment's premises," the agency said in a statement on its website.
It said an investigation at a resort hotel and convention center in 2014 had found Marriott International had blocked consumer access to hot spots, and it warned that such activities could lead to heavy fines.

It said it was "aggressively investigating and acting against such unlawful intentional interference," and advised consumers who suspected such activities to file a complaint with the FCC.

The Wall Street Journal, which first reported the story, said Marriott had agreed to settle the case by paying a $600,000 civil penalty for the action at its Gaylord Opryland Hotel & Convention Center in Nashville, Tennessee.

The paper said the Marriott had petitioned the FCC to change its policy.

"The Communications Act prohibits anyone from willfully or maliciously interfering with authorized radio communications, including Wi-Fi.

Marriott's request seeking the FCC's blessing to block guests' use of non-Marriott networks is contrary to this basic principle," it quoted FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler as saying.

The Journal said a Marriott spokesman had referred to a statement it made earlier this month that it would not block guests from using personal Wi-Fi devices. 


State-of-the-art paging network infrastructure, fully supported at an affordable price – and it integrates with your other gear, include most makes of transmitters

Whether you are replacing or upgrading your existing network or building out new infrastructure, Infostream has the new equipment and systems that you need.

  • Optimised for mission critical and public safety networks
  • Highly integrated base station controller
    • GPS
    • 3G modem
    • HTML User Interface
    • Ethernet switch, IP and router
    • Optional integrated radio modems
    • Dual channel capable
    • Integrated off-air (self monitoring) receiver
  • Ultra high reliability configuration (99.999%)
  • Message encryption plug-in
  • Fully featured central site VOIP, CAD, HTML, TAP, TNPP, SMPP access
  • NMS integration including Nagios, SNMP and syslog
  • Comprehensive diagnostics including adjacent site monitoring
  • Deployed internationally in mission critical applications
  • 21 years of industry experience in design, build and integration

Infostream is a world leading supplier of paging and messaging infrastructure, specialized paging receivers and consultancy services. The company was founded in 1993 and has engineered and supplied equipment for some of the largest public safety networks and private paging customers around the world.

Medical • Fire • Police • Security • Mining • Petrochemicals • Financial Markets • Telemetry • Custom Applications

infostreamInfostream Pty Limited
Suite 10, 7 Narabang Way, Belrose, NSW 2085, AUSTRALIA
Sales Email: | Phone: +61 2 9986 3588 | Afterhours: +61 417 555 525


Last Surviving Member of the Shelton Gang Passes

By Jon Musgrave

In 2013 Jimmy Zuber holds one of the rifles his uncle Earl Shelton purchased for him and his cousins should they ever get the chance to kill their family nemesis Charlie Harris

My Inside the Shelton Gang co-author Ruthie Shelton texted me the news this morning. James Shelton Zuber, better known simply as Jimmy Zuber, nephew of the Shelton Brothers, died last week in Florida on the 19th. He was 84, and probably the last surviving member of the notorious Shelton Gang. He was the youngest of the three nephews involved in their uncles' gang.

Jimmy was 17 and still in high school in 1947 when gunmen ambushed his uncle Carl Shelton in the Pond Creek Bottoms in Wayne County. His cousin, and Ruthie's father, “Little Carl” Shelton, collected him from school to tell him the news.

While he was never a gunman for the gang, he did serve as a bagman for a bit. After Carl's death his brother Earl took over the duties, but when he moved back to Wayne County to focus on farming, Jimmy got the job. As he told Ruthie and me a few years ago, one of those deliveries was an envelope full of cash to the governor himself in the Illinois Statehouse.

Most interestingly it wasn't to Dwight Green who historians already knew had connections to the gambling rackets, but his successor and later presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson[jr]. While remembered as a reformer, Stevenson didn't start to shake up Springfield until towards the end of his second year in office, about the same time the Kefauver Hearings brought their investigators to Illinois.

Jimmy was the son of the Shelton's sister Lulu. Following his parents' divorce the Sheltons later kidnapped and brought him back to Illinois to be raised. He wouldn't see his father again until after he reached adulthood. Although the three Shelton brothers known as the gang had step-children at different times, it would be their sister's son and brother Dalta's two boys, “Little Earl” and “Little Carl” that they groomed to be successors.

Zuber never indicated his involvement in any of the gang's violent crimes, as those opportunities were quickly diminishing with Bernie's assassination in 1948, Roy's in 1950, and the multiple attempts on the lives of his uncle Earl, his mother and stepfather, as well as his cousin “Little Earl” in the late 1940s.

Once in Fairfield he had his own close call with the family nemesis Charlie Harris who declined to shoot the then still teenager. Later his uncle Earl gave all three nephews rifles with the instruction to kill Harris if they ever had the chance. Ruthie's father had long since parted with his, but Jimmy proudly showed us his which he still had.

After the extended Shelton clan fled Fairfield for Florida (but not after sneaking his mother Lulu who was recovering from being machine-gunned by Harris out a hospital window), Jimmy went into construction in Florida. He and his wife raised a family and left the Illinois past behind them mostly.

In the late 1990s he became a source of family information and photographs for Taylor Pensoneau when he researched the Sheltons for his book, Brothers Notorious. Years later I approached Taylor at a book signing for his Charlie Harris book, “Dapper and Deadly,” with the intention of getting Jimmy's contact information. Instead he told me about another Shelton family member doing research for a book. That person turned out to be Ruthie.

I know Ruthie met with or talked with Jimmy by phone numerous times as she researched her family history. In the summer of 2012, I had a chance to meet with him at his home as well. He was a delightful subject to interview with his wife surprising us with additional photo albums and he really exciting Ruthie when he mentioned the rifles. (The only frustrating moment that day was him not being able to find the key to the gun cabinet. Ruthie had to wait a few months and another trip before she could hold it.)

His obituary noted that he was cremated. He was a good guy, and will be missed.

Source:Illinois History 

Ivy Corp



Please click the Learn More button.



Teletouch Paging, LP

critical alert

Is now hiring for a Field Service Technician in the Memphis, Tennessee area

Please contact Melinda Caragan at
904-203-1149 or send resumes to


Critical Response Systems

More than Paging.
First Responder Solutions.

Our patented technology notifies clinical personnel immediately, while tracking who receives and responds to each alarm. Users confirm or defer each event with a single button press, and analytic dashboards display response statistics in real time, as well as historically broken down by time, unit, room, and individual.

Our systems not only notify your personnel quickly and reliably, but also provide actionable feedback to fine-tune your procedures, reduce unnecessary alarms, and improve patient outcomes.


Why a Google MVNO is exactly what the US wireless industry needs

Earlier this month, reports emerged claiming that Google was planning to launch its own wireless network called, at least in its developmental stage, Nova. The reports claimed that Google would partner with Sprint and T-Mobile for the network, notably without any contribution from the two biggest United State carriers, AT&T and Verizon.

The idea of Google starting its own wireless network, even as a mobile virtual network operator (MVNO), could mean a few things for the wireless industry. For one, should Google offer competitive enough prices, which we can only assume it will at least try to do, the company could easily strike fear into AT&T and Verizon. The “big four” carriers in the United States have essentially had a hold on the cellular service market for years now, with there also being a distinct gap between the top two – Verizon and AT&T- and the bottom two – Sprint ant T-Mobile.

MVNOs have, for the longest time, tried to eat away at the business of the large carriers with lower prices, but they’ve all lacked something that Google has mastered, and that’s branding. If you were to ask a group of random people if they’d heard of some of the “biggest” MVNOs, such as Boost Mobile and TracFone, many would probably say no. Customers are also hesitant to give their money to companies that they see as second-tier and non-reputable. If Google were to assign its brand to a mobile network, however, it would instantly gain credibility, even if it wasn’t necessarily any better than the offerings of other MVNOs.

Look at a company like Simple Mobile. The carrier offers SIM cards from T-Mobile and offers prices that are significantly better than what you would get from a major carrier, but yet, with a small but certainly respectable 3 million subscribers, Simple Mobile has hardly made a dent in the market. Google putting its brand behind similarly priced plans, even as an MVNO, could spell fear for AT&T and Verizon.

A report this weekend from the Wall Street Journal suggested that Google’s Nova wireless network would automatically switch between T-Mobile and Sprint connectivity based on which network offered the best service at that given time. Price, according to the report, would also play a factor in this process. Sprint and T-Mobile would essentially enter a pseudo-bidding war for that momentary user connection. A bidding war would inevitably drive down the price for the end-user, again potentially giving Nova a price advantage over AT&T and Verizon and giving users the best service possible.

“It’s a very aggressive move,” said Dave Fraser, CEO of Devicescape, a company that is stitching together a network of millions of Wi-Fi hot spots world-wide. “You can imagine Google driving down the price to be disruptive and paying for it with revenue from other services that the company already provides, like search and advertising.”

Last year, with the iPad Air 2, Apple launched something it called “Apple SIM,” which allowed users to purchase a single iPad model and choose at the time of activation on which network they wished to use it. Again, notoriously absent from the option was Verizon. The downside to Apple SIM, however, is that once a user chooses a network, they can’t switch to another one if they find out the service is terrible. Google’s Nova network will reportedly work the opposite way and allow users to switch to whichever network has the best service at a particular moment.

Google, of course, also has its Search and Advertising business that could play a significant role in its wireless network efforts. Amazon, for example offers deep discounts on its Kindle e-readers if users choose a model with “special offers,” which are basically advertisements. Google could potentially do something similar, offering discounted monthly service bills in exchange for a small amount of ad space in the smartphone. One potential location for these advertisements on Nova could be, which is of course ad-free on all mobile devices right now.

Google’s Search business also offers a huge place for the company to advertise its own wireless network. has always been nearly ad-free, but the company has never been afraid to put small advertisements for its own products on it, including the Nexus 7 tablet. Putting a simple sentence about Nova on would drive an extraordinary amount of traffic to the Nova webpage.

One piece to the puzzle that many are failing to consider with Google’s Nova network is the company’s extensive offering of communication channels with Hangouts and Gmail. Google will undoubtedly heavily integrate Hangouts into whatever sort of wireless network it offers. Potentially, deep Hangouts integration could even mean that Google wouldn’t have to sell voice minutes to customers and would instead route all calls through Hangouts over a data/WiFi connection, depending on what was available.

Google entering the wireless industry in the United States has the potential to truly shake-up the way the two big carriers, AT&T and Verizon, do business. Offering lower prices, consistent and strong service by switching between T-Mobile and Sprint towers on the fly, and eliminating the idea of voice minutes would mean that AT&T and Verizon would have to make their own changes to counter Google’s Nova network. Google, of course, also offers something other MVNOs don’t, and that’s a brand that everyone has come to know. Think of what Google Fiber has done in the few markets in which it’s available, but on a much broader, nationwide scale.

Source:9 to 5 Google


Specialists in sales and service of equipment from these leading manufacturers, as well as other two-way radio and paging products:

UNICATIONbendix king

motorola blue Motorola SOLUTIONS

COMmotorola red Motorola MOBILITY spacer
Philip C. Leavitt
Leavitt Communications
7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253
Web Site:
Mobile phone:847-494-0000
Skype ID:pcleavitt

STI Engineering

sti header

250W VHF Paging Transmitter

STI Engineering’s RFI-148 250 high performance paging transmitter features true DDS frequency generation that enables precise control and flexibility for a wide range of data transmission applications.

The transmitter is particularly suitable for large simulcast POCSAG and FLEX paging networks and can be used as drop-in replacement of older and obsolete transmitters. The unit has a proven track record in large scale critical messaging systems.

sti tx
  • High power output
    (selectable from 20 W - 250 W)
  • SNMP Diagnostics and alarms
  • Full VHF Band coverage
    (138-174 MHz)
  • DSP precision modulation
  • Integrated isolator
  • Sniffer port for in-rack receiver
  • Remote firmware upgrade capability
  • Software selectable frequency offset
  • Adjustable absolute delay correction
  • Front panel diagnostics
  • Hardware alarm outputs
  • High frequency stability
  • External reference option
  • FCC and ACMA approved
  • CE compliant version in development
22 Boulder Road Malaga 6090 Western Australia
Telephone:  +61 8 9209 0900
Facsimile:  +61 8 9248 2833

Routehappy Report, Data Signify Importance of In-Flight Wi-Fi


PHOTO: United Airlines is one carrier that is taking its in-flight Wi-Fi seriously, according to Routehappy's "Global State of In-Flight Wi-Fi" report (Courtesy United Continental Holdings, Inc.)

Routehappy, the product differentiation platform for air travel, announced an enhancement to its in-flight Wi-Fi data today, while also releasing an extensive report on the availability and quality of in-flight Wi-Fi around the world.

Routehappy, which now identifies flights in its Scores & Happiness Factors API based on the chance of them including Wi-Fi (“some,” “good,” or “very good” based on sub-fleet rollouts) and Wi-Fi type (“good,” “better,” and “best” based on underlying technology offered), released an infographic, “Global State of In-Flight Wi-Fi,” that shows just how important Wi-Fi has become in the friendly skies.

According to the report, 52 airlines across the globe now offer in-flight Wi-Fi in most regions of the world.

U.S. airlines lead the world in this area. U.S. airlines now offer at least “some chance” of Wi-Fi (up to one-third of a given sub-fleet has Wi-Fi) on 66 percent of their flights each day. Delta boasts the most flights and flight miles with Wi-Fi among all airlines. American/US Airways offers “better” Wi-Fi on its entire Airbus narrow-body fleet (more than 300 aircraft). And United not only has Wi-Fi on most of its international planes, but it also is one of only two airlines in the world (joining JetBlue) to offer the “best” or highest bandwidth Wi-Fi system.

Virgin America, Alaska and United separate themselves by offering both Wi-Fi and in-seat power on the same flights.

Another reason to be happier as a passenger: All the busiest U.S. domestic routes (20 daily flights or more in each direction including JFK-LAX, LGA-BOS, LGA-DCA, JFK-SFO, CLT-ATL) have Wi-Fi availability on all flights.

Forty-five airlines based outside of the U.S. offer at least some chance of Wi-Fi on 15 percent of their international flights. While this number pales in comparison to U.S. airlines, it’s worth noting this number is up significantly from just a year and a half ago.

In fact, nine non-U.S. airlines now offer at least a “very good chance” of Wi-Fi (more than two-thirds of a given sub-fleet has Wi-Fi) on more than 20 percent of their international flight miles. These airlines include: Japan, Emirates, Aeroflot, Iberia, Lufthansa, Singapore, Etihad, Norwegian and Icelandair (Norwegian and Icelandair offer at least a “very good chance” of Wi-Fi on more than 80 percent of their international flight miles).

Overall, passengers across the globe have at least some chance of accessing Wi-Fi on nearly one-fourth (24 percent) of all flight miles in a given day, according to the Global State of In-Flight Wi-Fi report.

To give you an idea of how seriously airlines are taking the demand for in-flight Wi-Fi, U.S. domestic flights with at least some chance of Wi-Fi grew by nearly 1,600 since July 2013. Eighteen months ago, United offered at least some chance of Wi-Fi on 518 domestic flights—today, that number has jumped to 1,445, a 179 percent increase. American, Delta and JetBlue have added 630, 503 and 386 more flights, respectively, with at least some chance of Wi-Fi.

Domestic airlines and particularly international carriers have been able to increase the availability and quality of in-flight Wi-Fi in part because of the development of satellite-based technology, Jason Rabinowitz, data research manager at Routehappy, told TravelPulse.

For example, 18 months ago, Gogo’s air-to-ground network was primarily the way U.S. domestic carriers were able to offer Wi-Fi to passengers. Now, there are multiple satellite connections to draw from across the globe, which has led to more airlines jumping on board. In addition, airlines that use Gogo are upgrading from Gogo ATG to Gogo ATG-4 (classified as “better” Wi-Fi on Routehappy). The three major U.S. airlines (United, Delta, and American) now have multiple aircraft types with international Wi-Fi installed flying on international routes, with aggressive rollout plans in place.

The development has been so significant that it prompted Routehappy to spend a great deal of time producing the Global State of In-Flight Wi-Fi report. Routehappy CEO Robert Albert called it the most extensive study that has ever been conducted about airlines’ Wi-Fi capabilities.

“Wi-Fi is one of the most sought after, new amenities flyers want to access on their flights, and there has been significant investment by airlines since our last report,” Albert said, via a release. “Coverage is starting to be meaningful on flights worldwide, along with a wide variety of speeds, coverage availability, and pricing models, including free of charge. The industry needs a trustworthy source of truth for in-flight Wi-Fi offerings. Routehappy has decided to make it a focus area, and is pleased to have greatly enhanced our Wi-Fi data in our Scores & Happiness Factors API to benefit users of our customer sites.”

Routehappy’s data has recently been adopted by Expedia and Serko. To visit Routehappy, go to

Source:Travel Pulse

Leavitt Communications

its stil here

It’s still here — the tried and true Motorola Alphamate 250. Now owned, supported, and available from Leavitt Communications. Call us for new or reconditioned units, parts, manuals, and repairs.

We also offer refurbished Alphamate 250s, Alphamate IIs, the original Alphamate and new and refurbished pagers, pager repairs, pager parts and accessories. We are FULL SERVICE in Paging!

E-mail Phil Leavitt ( ) for pricing and delivery information or for a list of other available paging and two-way related equipment.

black line

Phil Leavitt

leavitt logo

7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

black line

Hark Technologies

black line

hark logo

Wireless Communication Solutions

black line

USB Paging Encoder

paging encoder

  • Single channel up to eight zones
  • Connects to Linux computer via USB
  • Programmable timeouts and batch sizes
  • Supports 2-tone, 5/6-tone, POCSAG 512/1200/2400, GOLAY
  • Supports Tone Only, Voice, Numeric, and Alphanumeric
  • PURC or direct connect
  • Pictured version mounts in 5.25" drive bay
  • Other mounting options available
  • Available as a daughter board for our embedded Internet Paging Terminal (IPT)

black line

Paging Data Receiver (PDR)


  • Frequency agile—only one receiver to stock
  • USB or RS-232 interface
  • Two contact closures
  • End-user programmable w/o requiring special hardware
  • 16 capcodes
  • Eight contact closure version also available
  • Product customization available

black line

Other products

black line

Please see our web site for other products including Internet Messaging Gateways, Unified Messaging Servers, test equipment, and Paging Terminals.

Hark Technologies
717 Old Trolley Rd Ste 6 #163
Summerville, SC 29485
Tel: 843-821-6888
Fax: 843-821-6894
E-mail: left arrow CLICK
Web: left arrow CLICK

hark David George and Bill Noyes
of Hark Technologies.

black line

Hark Technologies

black line



black line

Preferred Wireless

black line

preferred logo

Terminals & Controllers:
1ASC1500 Complete, w/Spares  
3Glenayre GL C2100 Link Repeaters
3CNET Platinum Controllers 
2GL3100 RF Director 
1GL3000 ES — 2 Chassis
40SkyData 8466 B Receivers
1GL3000L Complete w/Spares
1Unipage—Many Unipage Cards & Chassis
16Zetron M66 Transmitter Controllers  
Link Transmitters:
1QT-5701, 35W, UHF, Link Transmitter
4Glenayre QT4201 25W Midband Link TX
1Glenayre QT6994, 150W, 900 MHz Link TX
3Motorola 10W, 900 MHz Link TX (C35JZB6106)
2Eagle 900 MHz Link Transmitters, 60 & 80W
2Motorola Q2630A, 30W, UHF Link TX
VHF Paging Transmitters
1Glenayre QT7505
1Glenayre QT8505
1Nucleus VHF, 125W, Advanced Control
UHF Paging Transmitters:
20Glenayre UHF GLT5340, 125W, DSP Exciter
900 MHz Paging Transmitters:
2Glenayre GLT8200, 25W (NEW)
15Glenayre GLT-8500 250W
3Glenayre GLT 8600, 500W

black line


Too Much To List • Call or E-Mail

Rick McMichael
Preferred Wireless, Inc.
10658 St. Charles Rock Rd.
St. Louis, MO 63074
888-429-4171 or 314-429-3000 left arrow

black line

Preferred Wireless

black line

critical alert CA Partner’s Program

Providing better communications solutions to hospitals across the country — together!

For CAS, strong partnerships remain key to providing our software-based communications solutions to our customers. These solutions include:

ca dr and nurse
nurse call systemscritical messaging solutionsmobile health applications

We provide the communication, training and resources required to become a CA partner. In turn, our partners provide customers with the highest levels of local service & support. CA Partners may come from any number of business sectors, including:

  • Service Providers
  • System Integrators
  • Value Added Resellers and Distributors
  • Expert Contractors
If you would like to hear more about our CA Partners program, we’d love to hear from you.

Selected portions of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update, and/or the BloostonLaw Private Users Update — newsletters from the Law Offices of Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP are reproduced in this section with the firm’s permission.

BloostonLaw Telecom UpdateVol. 18, No. 4January 28, 2015

Connect America Phase II Report and Order Effective February 26

On January 27 the FCC published its December 18, 2014 CAF Phase II Program Report and Order in the Federal Register, establishing an effective date of February 26, 2015 for those portions of the Order not requiring approval from the Office of Management and Budget. This includes reductions to HCLS payments based on frozen national average cost per line; the elimination of support in areas where an unsubsidized competitor provides voice and broadband service across 100 percent of an RLEC service area; and the increase to 10/1 Mbps of the broadband speed requirement for companies receiving CAF Phase II support or high cost support (up from the current 4/1 Mbps).


Petitions Filed for Supreme Court Review of Tenth Circuit Transformation Order Decision

This week saw the filing of Petitions for Writ of Certiorari with the U.S. Supreme Court of the Tenth Circuit’s opinion denying all petitions for review of the FCC’s USF/ICC Transformation Order of 2011. Specifically, Petitions were filed by: NARUC, United States Cellular Corporation, Allband Communications Cooperative, and Cellular South, Inc.

Certiorari is the process by which a party asks the Supreme Court of the United States to review a lower court’s judgment for reversible legal error. As most cases cannot be appealed to the Supreme Court as a matter of right, a party that wants the Supreme Court to review a decision must file a Petition for Writ of Certiorari. If the Court grants the Petition, then it will hear the case and issue a decision. A minimum of four of the nine Justices of the Supreme Court is required to grant the writ of certiorari. Grant of a Petition for Writ of Certiorari is rare; approximately 1% of the petitions filed in the term concluding in June of 2009 were granted. Further, the granting of a petition for writ of certiorari does not necessarily mean the Supreme Court disagrees with the lower court’s decision; just that at least four of the Justices believe the circumstances described in the Petition for Writ merit further review.

NARUC’s Petition asks the Supreme Court to resolve two questions:

  • Do the explicit rules of statutory construction in §601(c)(1) of the 1996 Telecom Act and 47 U.S.C. §152(b) place any limits on either the FCC’s or a reviewing Court’s interpretation of agency authority?
  • • Does the “Chevron” standard of deference to an administrative agency’s expertise permit the Tenth Circuit to confirm interpretations of the Communications Act, including the FCC’s redefinition of the term “reciprocal compensation,” that cannot be reconciled with the plain text of the statute, applicable principles of statutory construction, and precedent from this Court?

As this edition of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update went to press, copies of the other Petitions for Writ of Certiorari were not available.

FCC to Consider Contentious Items at January 29 Open Meeting

The FCC has issued the official agenda for its January 29, 2015 Open Meeting, which includes the 2015 Broadband Progress Report on “whether advanced telecommunications capability is being deployed to all Americans in a reasonable and timely fashion,” a report required by Section 706 of the Communications Act. As we noted in the January 14 edition of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update, the Progress Report is expected to raise the definition of “broadband” to 25Mbps downstream and 3Mbps upstream for the purposes of the Report (it is not a legal requirement, but rather a threshold for how the FCC reports to Congress whether broadband is being suitably deployed).

Earlier this week, NCTA filed a letter with the FCC expressing concerns about the decision to raise the speed benchmark. According to the letter, “there is no basis in the record for the Commission to look solely to broadband services with speeds of 25 Mbps/3 Mbps or faster in carrying out its mandate under Section 706 to evaluate whether the deployment of “advanced telecommunications capability” is “reasonable and timely.” Rather, NCTA argued that only “a relatively small percentage of consumers who have access to speeds of 25 Mbps/3 Mbps actually choose to purchase service at those speeds, while most consumers tellingly opt for lower speeds that meet their needs.” NCTA also points out the “obvious tension” with the FCC’s recent decision to increase the actual broadband speed requirement for CAF Phase II and high cost support to 10/1.

The Report is paired with a Notice of Inquiry asking what action the FCC should take to accelerate deployment of such capability by removing barriers to infrastructure investment; and an Order announcing the conclusion of the Ninth NOI on broadband deployment.

The FCC will also consider a Report and Order to ensure that accurate caller location information is automatically provided to public safety officials for all wireless calls to 911, which recently came under fire for its reported inclusion of a proposal to have 911 emergency systems use the Russian Federation’s GLONASS precision navigation and timing satellite system to locate people calling 911 from their mobile phones.

“In view of the threat posed to the world by Russia’s Vladimir Putin, it cannot be seriously considered that the U.S. would rely on a system in that dictator’s control for its wireless 911 location capability,” Rep. Mike Rogers, Alabama Republican and chairman of the Armed Services subcommittee on strategic forces, wrote in a letter to the secretary of defense and director of national intelligence obtained exclusively by the Washington Times. “Our response to Russia’s hybrid warfare, arms control cheating, illegal invasions of sovereign nations, and energy-based extortion must be broad-based isolation and counter-leverage.”

The FCC will also hear a presentation on the new Consumer Help Center.

CFC Seeks Waiver of Bank Eligibility Requirement for Rural Broadband Experiments

On January 21, the National Rural Utilities Cooperative Finance Corporation (CFC) and its affiliate, the Rural Telephone Finance Cooperative (RTFC), filed a Petition for Waiver of the FCC’s bank eligibility requirements for rural broadband experiment projects, which requires banks to be insured by the FDIC or the Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation. Interested parties may file oppositions by Monday, February 2, 2015, and reply comments by Monday, February 9, 2015.

As many readers will already know, CFC is the largest non-governmental lender to rural utilities in the United States, and it manages and funds RTFC, which in turn makes loans primarily to its telecommunications provider members and affiliates. Because FDIC insurance is only available to depository institutions and FCSIC insurance is only available to agricultural credit banks, it is impossible for CFC to meet the FCC requirement. Nevertheless, argues CFC, “the unique role of CFC and RTFC as key lenders for rural electric utilities and telecommunications companies and their access to capital through the Department of the Treasury’s Federal Financing Bank (“FFB”), a revolving credit commitment from the Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation (“Farmer Mac”), and multi-year committed revolving credit facilities from significant private banks, as well as CFC’s strong internal controls, strict adherence to all relevant laws and regulations, and best practices in corporate governance, provide the financial stability and liquidity to fund its obligations under LOCs issued pursuant to the program.”

Despite the comment window remaining open for this proceeding until February 9, the FCC reminds provisionally selected winning bidders that they must submit, through Form 5620, a letter from an acceptable bank committing to issue a letter of credit by February 3.

FCC Sets Comment Deadline on 911 Outage NPRM

As reported in the November 25 BloostonLaw Update, the FCC is requesting comment on a proposal to expand the requirements in Section 12.4 of its rules and adopt additional mechanisms designed to ensure the reliability of 911. The FCC proposes the new requirements in response to recent multi-state 911 outages that "resulted from the failure of software and databases consolidated in a handful of locations but used to process 911 calls for jurisdictions across the country." According to the FCC, the proposed rules would address 911 network architectures where multiple service providers or sub-contractors, including non-carriers, provide call routing and ALI/ANI capabilities and ensure that each link in that chain is treated equally under Section 12.4. Comments on the NPRM are due March 9 and reply comments are due April 7.

The NPRM includes the following proposals:

  • Expand the scope of entities covered by Rule 12.4 (i.e., the definition of “covered 911 service provider”) to include all entities that provide 911, E911, or NG911 capabilities, such as call routing, automatic location information (ALI), automatic number identification (ANI), location information servers (LIS), text-to-911, or the functional equivalent of those capabilities, regardless of whether they provide such capabilities under a direct contractual relationship with a PSAP or emergency authority.
  • Require notification to the Commission and the public of major changes in any covered 911 service provider’s network architecture or scope of 911 services that are not otherwise covered by existing network change notification requirements
  • Require covered 911 service providers that seek to discontinue, reduce, or impair existing 911 service in a way that does not trigger already existing authorization requirements should be required to obtain Commission approval.
  • Require covered 911 service providers that seek to offer new services that affect 911 call completion to certify to the Commission that they have the technical and operational capability to provide reliable 911 service.
  • Assign the role of 911 network operations center provider for each jurisdiction to the entity responsible for transport of 911 traffic to the PSAP or PSAPs serving that jurisdiction

Verizon Files Application for Review of Data Roaming Declaratory Ruling

Not surprisingly, Verizon has followed the same course as AT&T by filing an Application for Review of the Declaratory Ruling that granted T-Mobile’s Petition for Declaratory Ruling on data roaming issues and provided additional guidance on how to evaluate data roaming agreements under the standard in Section 20.12(e). The FCC has announced a consolidated deadline of February 4 for opposing both applications for review.

Verizon claimed the Bureau’s Declaratory Ruling unlawfully changed the Commission’s 2011 Data Roaming Order, and said modifications must be made through rulemaking – and must be made by the full Commission, not by the Bureau. AT&T similarly argues that the Declaratory Ruling is inconsistent with the Data Roaming Order and renders the “commercially reasonable” standard for data roaming negotiations unlawfully vague under the Administrative Procedures Act and the Due Process Clause of the US Constitution. As previously reported, the FCC’s ruling has provided welcome guidance that could help small and rural carriers to negotiate more fair roaming terms with the nationwide carriers.

Law & Regulation

Democrats Introduce Community Broadband Act

On January 22, U.S. Senators Cory Booker (D-N.J.), Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.), and Claire McCaskill (D-Mo.) introduced the Community Broadband Act, which seeks “to promote competition [and] to preserve the ability of local governments to provide broadband capability and services.”

The proposed legislation states simply, “No statute, regulation, or other legal requirement of a State or local government may prohibit, or have the effect of prohibiting or substantially inhibiting, any public provider from providing telecommunications service or advanced telecommunications capability or services to any person or any public or private entity.” The Act also provides that “[e]ach public provider that intends to provide telecommunications service or advanced telecommunications capability or services to the public is encouraged to consider the potential benefits of a public-private partnership before providing the capability or services,” and further requires notice and an opportunity to be heard before any public provider begins offering service.

“As Mayor of Newark, I saw firsthand the value of empowering local communities to invest and innovate. The Community Broadband Act provides cities the flexibility they need to meet the needs of their residents,” said Sen. Booker in a press release on the proposed legislation. “This legislation will enhance economic development, improve access to education and health care services, and provide increased opportunity to individuals in underserved areas. At a time when local governments are looking for ways to ensure their communities are connected and have access to advanced and reliable networks, the Community Broadband Act empowers local governments to respond to this ever-increasing demand.”

FCC Proposes $1.6 Million Fine for Failure to Contribute to USF, TRS, and LNP

On January 26, the FCC released a Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture proposing a penalty of $1,588,988 against Advanced Tel, Inc. (“ATI”) for its apparent failures to timely file and pay required contributions to the USF, TRS Fund, the LNP cost recovery mechanism and federal regulatory fees over several years.

According to the Notice, USAC referred ATI to the Enforcement Bureau in May of 2008 for potential enforcement action, alleging that ATI had failed to comply with the Commission’s USF contribution Rules. ATI apparently failed to contribute fully and timely to the USF beginning in July 2006, and attempted to remedy the issue by requesting a structured payment plan allowing it to pay its delinquent USF balance in November of 2007. ATI apparently stopped making payments on this plan in December of 2008, and its apparent noncompliance continued from there — even after the Company became aware of the Bureau’s investigation in November 2009. In December 2009, the Notice recounts, ATI again requested a payment plan allowing it to pay its outstanding USF balance in installments and did make some payments toward its delinquency between December 2009 and March 2010, but failed to also make timely and complete payments on its current USF obligations.

All told, ATI’s apparent USF violations include the nonpayment of “at least 36 USF invoices assessed between October 22, 2011 and September 22, 2014,” which violations will continue “until ATI cures them with full payments.” The FCC further found that, “[d]ata from ATI and USAC demonstrate that the highest amount ATI owed for USF contributions, including amounts transferred under the DCIA, was $1,407,310.76 in October 2009. Notably, ATI’s substantial payment failures continued year after year, even though ATI collected over $2,500,000 for USF assessments from its customers between 2006 and 2014.

Verizon Agrees to $5 Million Settlement in Rural Call Completion Investigation

Also on January 26, the FCC entered into a $5 million Consent Decree with Verizon over an Enforcement Bureau investigation into whether Verizon failed to investigate evidence of low call answer rates to 26 different rural areas across the country in 2013. Specifically, Verizon will pay a fine of $2 million and will implement a compliance plan in which it commits to spend an additional $3 million over the next three years to improve call completion to rural areas across the country.

According to the Consent Decree, Verizon began to collect weekly samples of its call answer rates to individual rural incumbent LECs, identified by OCN, from April through December in 2013, periodically providing its weekly reports to the Enforcement Bureau. After reviewing all of Verizon’s reports for 2013, the Bureau issued a letter of inquiry (LOI) to Verizon seeking information about what efforts Verizon had made to investigate the causes of its persistently low call answer rates in specific rural OCNs. In its April 4, 2014 response to the LOI, Verizon acknowledged that, although it had previously initiated investigations or taken remedial action for 13 of the 39 OCNs, it had not done so for the remaining 26 OCNs prior to being served with the LOI. Verizon reportedly did undertake an investigation of the remaining 26 OCNs after receiving the LOI and provided the results to the Bureau showing that, in Verizon’s estimation, the low call answer rates “were not attributable to Verizon’s network or call completion practices.”

In entering into the Consent Decree, the FCC noted that in its 2014 Rural Call Completion Reconsideration Order, it had expressly stated that a failure “to investigate evidence of a rural call delivery problem or to correct a problem of degraded service about which [a carrier] knows or should know ... may lead to enforcement action.”


Snowden Files Reveal Canadian Global Internet Surveillance Program

Multiple news sources are reporting that Canada’s electronic spy agency — the Communications Security Establishment (CSE) — has been intercepting and analyzing data on up to 15 million file downloads daily as part of a global surveillance program.

Details of the program, known as “Levitation,” were revealed in a document reportedly obtained by infamous document leaker Edward Snowden and recently released to CBC News. According to the CBC article, Canada can access data from 102 free file upload sites, such as Sendspace, Rapidshare, and the now-defunct Megaupload (though other sites were not named). Based on a list of “suspicious downloads” included in the document, the U.K., U.S., Spain, Brazil, Germany and Portugal are also subject to surveillance.

Once a “suspicious download” is identified, according to the article, analysts reportedly plug that IP address into a database run by the British electronic spy agency Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) to see five hours of that computer's online traffic before and after the download occurred. In one example the Snowden document, analysts also used a U.S. National Security Agency database that keeps online metadata on people for up to a year to search for further information about a target's Facebook profile. It reportedly helped analysts find an email address.

CSE’s surveillance is part of its role in the “Five Eyes,” a long-private arrangement dating back to 1946 between the U.S. and the U.K., and which now also includes Australia, Canada, and New Zealand, to share intelligence and not to spy on one another. Interestingly, the article reports that under Canadian law, CSE isn’t allowed to target Canadians and is supposed to mask the identities of un-targeted Canadians before passing surveillance information on to others.

"Every single thing that you do — in this case uploading/downloading files to these sites — that act is being archived, collected and analyzed," said Ron Deibert, director of the University of Toronto-based internet security think-tank Citizen Lab, who reviewed the document.


FEBRUARY 2: FCC FORM 502, NUMBER UTILIZATION AND FORECAST REPORT. Any wireless or wireline carrier (including paging companies) that have received number blocks—including 100, 1,000, or 10,000 number blocks—from the North American Numbering Plan Administrator (NANPA), a Pooling Administrator, or from another carrier, must file Form 502 by February 2 (as February 1 falls on a Sunday this year). Carriers porting numbers for the purpose of transferring an established customer’s service to another service provider must also report, but the carrier receiving numbers through porting does not. Resold services should also be treated like ported numbers, meaning the carrier transferring the resold service to another carrier is required to report those numbers but the carrier receiving such numbers should not report them. Reporting carriers are required to include their FCC Registration Number (FRN). Reporting carriers file utilization and forecast reports semiannually on or before February 1 for the preceding six-month reporting period ending December 31, and on or before August 1 for the preceding six-month reporting period ending June 30.

Calendar At A Glance

Jan. 29 – Deadline for Special Access Data Collection for large businesses with more than 1,500 employees.
Jan. 30 – Comments are due on the FCC’s Incentive Auction Procedures.
Jan. 31 – FCC Form 555 (Annual Lifeline ETC Certification Form) is due.

Feb. 2 – FCC Form 499-Q (Quarterly Telecommunications Reporting Worksheet) is due.
Feb. 2 – FCC Form 502 (Number Utilization and Forecast Report) is due.
Feb. 2 – Oppositions are due on CFC Bank Eligibility Requirement Waiver Request.
Feb. 4 – Oppositions are due on AT&T/Verizon Applications for Review of T-Mobile Data Roaming Petition.
Feb. 5 – Comments are due on Technology Transitions NPRM.
Feb. 5 – Comments are due on Windstream Petition for Declaratory Ruling on DS1/DS3 Access.
Feb. 6 – Comments are due on Unlicensed Use of TV Band and 600 MHz Band Spectrum.
Feb. 6 – Comments are due on Part 1 Competitive Bidding NPRM.
Feb. 9 – Reply comments are due on CFC Bank Eligibility Waiver Request.
Feb. 9 – Comments are due on the IntraMTA Petition for Declaratory Ruling.
Feb. 17 – Filing deadline for Community Connect grant applications.
Feb. 25 – Reply comments are due on Unlicensed Use of TV Band and 600 MHz Band Spectrum.
Feb. 26 – Reply comments are due on Part 1 Competitive Bidding NPRM.
Feb. 27 – Deadline for Special Access Data Collection for small businesses with less than 1,500 employees.
Feb. 27 – Reply comments are due on the FCC’s Incentive Auction Procedures.

Mar. 2 – Copyright Statement of Account Form for cable companies is due.
Mar. 2 – Annual CPNI Certification is due.
Mar. 2 – FCC Form 477 (Local Competition & Broadband Reporting) is due.
Mar. 9 – Reply comments are due on Technology Transitions NPRM.
Mar. 9 – Reply comments are due on Windstream Petition for Declaratory Ruling on DS1/DS3 Access.
Mar. 9 – Comments are due on 911 Outage NPRM.
Mar. 11 – Reply comments are due on the IntraMTA Petition for Declaratory Ruling.
Mar. 31 – FCC Form 525 (Delayed Phasedown CETC Line Counts) is due.
Mar. 31 – FCC Form 508 (ICLS Projected Annual Common Line Requirement) is due.
Mar. 31 – International Circuit Capacity Report is due.

BloostonLaw Private Users UpdateVol. 16, No. 1January 2015

Companies Examine Use of Private Radio for Critical Communications When Commercial Wireless Services Fail

Over the past several years, several Part 90 private radio licensees have made the decision to use cellular and similar commercial wireless services to meet their internal communications needs. While cellular can be convenient, it can also be problematic in the event of a local, regional or national emergency – as America found out after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. More recent events (such as the Derecho Storm at the end of June 2012 and Superstorm Sandy, as well as a string of tornadoes in the Midwest) have shown that reliance on commercial wireless networks is becoming problematic, as ever more frequent disasters render these networks inaccessible for significant periods of time.

For instance, in various states located along the notorious Tornado Alley, it has become increasingly obvious that cellular networks can become unusable during tornadoes and similar disasters, either because of damage to the network itself or the overload of the system with traffic. Following these natural disasters, it was not uncommon for emergency officials to pass knocked-down power lines and cell towers while looking for survivors – whether it be in Joplin, Missouri, Oklahoma City, Kentucky or Indiana. If a company or agency in the area of a disaster is relying solely on commercial communications systems, they may suffer loss of communications with their personnel even if there were little or no damage in their area. Therefore, several companies are deciding to maintain their private internal radio systems (or to license a new system) to ensure the capability to communicate with personnel in the event of an emergency. This dynamic was discussed in a study by Grainger Center for Electric Machinery and Electromechanics, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, entitled “Hurricane Katrina: Damage Assessment of Power Infrastructure For Distribution, Telecommunication, and Backup”, which concluded that “If the PSTN fails, not only wireline subscribers may lose service but also a significant portion of the wireless network may become isolated or even lose service. . . . Two-way private radio systems, such as those used by police and other emergency services, are more useful.” Licensees considering cancellation of their private radio licenses should assess whether their system can be maintained at a reasonable cost to serve in this emergency backup role.

FCC Partially Grants Suffolk, VA Request to Short Space Other Government Entities

The City of Suffolk, Virginia filed a request for waiver of the FCC’s Rules to permit it to add channels and locations that would be short-spaced to public safety co-channel operations in the City of Hopewell, Virginia as well as Chesterfield and Henrico Counties, Virginia. In seeking its waiver, Suffolk indicated that it was not able to obtain a consent letter from any of these licensees.

The basis of the Suffolk waiver request is that it is unable to enhance its coverage to fill-in “dead spots” within its coverage area while maintaining the required co-channel short-spacing separation distance required by Rule Section 90.621(b)(4). In support of its request, Suffolk provided contour studies that purported to demonstrate that it would be able to provide the same interference protection as required by Rule Section 90.621. However, in reviewing the contour plots, the FCC noted that Suffolk had complied with the 1000 watt ERP assumption for Chesterfield County but not for the other co-channel licensees. Upon redoing the interference analysis with all incumbent licensees operating at 1000 watts ERP in accordance with the short-spacing table in Rule Section 90.621(b)(4), the FCC’s staff determined that the interference contours for two of Suffolk’s three proposed base stations would overlap with the coverage contours on a number of the incumbent co-channel facilities.

Based upon the results of these studies, the Commission concluded that only one site would qualify for a rule wavier. In making its determination, the Commission noted that the lack of 800 MHz public safety spectrum was not an unusual or unique factual circumstance that would justify favorable action on the waiver request.

Attention Equipment Manufacturers: FCC Outsources RF Equipment Certification, and Updates Testing and Measurement Standards

On December 30, 2014, the FCC issued a Report and Order in ET Docket No. 13-44, updating the Commission’s radio frequency (RF) equipment authorization program to expand the use of Commission-recognized Telecommunications Certification Bodies (TCBs) as a faster and less expensive way to certify equipment. The TCB program up until now allowed equipment manufacturers to go to a private sector certification contractor rather than going through the full FCC Equipment Certification process, but only for certain categories of equipment. The new rules essentially outsource the entire certification process to the TCBs, in the name of facilitating the more rapid introduction of new and innovative products to the market while ensuring that these products do not cause harmful interference.

Specifically, the new rules:

  • Discontinue FCC acceptance of applications for equipment Certification of RF equipment and instead permit TCBs to process and grant all applications for Certification (FCC will stop accepting certification applications upon the effective date of the Order, which is 30 days after Federal Register publication);
  • Codify a pre-grant approval procedure that TCBs must currently follow when certifying equipment based on new technology that requires consultation with the FCC;
  • Clarify a TCB’s responsibilities in performing post-market surveillance of products it has approved;
  • Specify steps for addressing instances of deficient TCB performance, including appropriate sanctions for deficiencies that do not warrant rescinding a TCB’s authority to issue a grant of Certification;
  • Modify the rules to reference new standards used to accredit TCBs that approve RF equipment under Part 2 of the Commission’s rules and terminal equipment under Part 68 of the Commission’s rules;
  • Require accreditation of all laboratories that test equipment subject to any of the certification procedures under Part 2 of the Commission’s rules and codify a procedure through which the Commission currently recognizes new laboratory accreditation bodies;
  • Update references to industry measurement procedures in the Commission’s rules; and
  • Provide greater flexibility under the Office of Engineering and Technology’s (OET) existing delegated authority to enable it to address minor technical issues that may be raised when updating to the latest versions of industry standards that are referenced in Parts 2, 5, 15, and 18 of the Commission’s rules.

Until now, TCBs were generally not allowed to certify new technologies, because such situations often involved the interpretation of what may be vague aspects of the FCC rules and policies. The FCC will overcome this obstacle by identifying certain scenarios where the certifying body will be required to consult with the FCC’s Office of Engineering and Technology (OET) before certifying a device that raises unique issues. All items that were on the exclusion list or considered under the “permit-but-ask” procedure will now be considered under the pre-approval guidance procedures. In rare cases, OET can require submission of a sample device to the TCB or the FCC (i.e., similar to the old system). Each TCB will have authority to dismiss an application for certification submitted to it; and each TCB can rescind a certification it issued within 30 days, if it concludes that the certification was issued in error; however, it cannot rescind a certification issued by a different TCB.

FCC Rule Section 2.911 has been modified to codify the established practice that applicants must provide the TCB with all information required for the TCB to determine whether the subject device complies with the Commission’s equipment Certification requirements; and the FCC amended Section 2.962 to require TCBs to document via the Electronic Authorization System (EAS) all information relevant to the processing of an application for certification, including pre-approval guidance inquiries and the dismissal of any applications. The FCC also amended Section 2.1033 of the rules to require that applications for Certification include photographs or diagrams of the test setup for each of the required types of tests applicable to the device for which Certification is requested. The photographs or diagrams must show enough detail to confirm other information contained in the test report, and any photographs must clearly show the test configuration used.

A silver lining: There are currently 36 TCBs recognized by the Commission to provide equipment authorization services and manufacturers can choose their TCB based upon a variety of factors most relevant to them, including experience, speed, and cost.

Other Details

Surprise Inspections: Equipment manufacturers will need to maintain methods for ensuring that their equipment continues to meet the specifications certified under the new procedures, as TCBs are under an obligation to conduct what amounts to surprise inspections of equipment following certification. TCBs are required to be accredited, and accreditation is conditioned on their performance of “post-market surveillance” on products that it has certified. The FCC codified the guidelines currently appearing in its Knowledge Data Base (KDB) for conducting post-market surveillance, placing them into Section 2.962 of the Commission’s rules as mandatory requirements. In addition to performing post-market surveillance on devices selected by the TCB, the FCC’s Office of Engineering and Technology (OET) may select samples for the TCB to test. This is designed to prevent a manufacturer or TCB from selecting “golden samples” that are unlikely to raise questions about the original grant of Certification.

The FCC provides the grantee with a right to challenge a TCB’s finding that a device does not comply with the FCC rules. A sample rate of at least 5 percent of all of a TCB’s certified devices has been deemed by the FCC as appropriate. The FCC is even requiring post-certification sampling in cases involving the use of a permissive change or an FCC ID change. Several commenters supported the proposal of vouchers and/or selecting samples randomly from the distribution line, and the FCC agreed that this would help ensure that devices being post-market tested are representative of the devices being marketed. For this reason, grantees, upon request, must provide a voucher to the Commission or the TCB which authorizes the TCB to obtain a sample of the product from the marketplace at no cost to the Commission or TCB. As an alternative to providing a voucher, the grantee can allow the Commission or TCB to select a product randomly from the manufacturing or warehousing location. Furthermore, if special software or specialized mechanisms, methods, or modifications are required to test such unmodified production devices, the manufacturer must make these available (at no cost) along with any necessary instructions to the Commission or TCB upon request.

Updating Measurement Procedures: The FCC is updating equipment measurement requirements by incorporating references to ANSI C63.4-2014 and ANSI C63.10-2013 into the rules as the measurement procedures for determining the compliance of unintentional and intentional radiators, respectively. While the new rules go into effect 30 days after publication in the Federal Register, the FCC is providing a transition period for ANSI C63.4, which ends one year after the effective date of the rules. During this transition, parties may continue to comply with either ANSI C63.4-2003, ANSI C63.4-2009 (consistent with current practice) or with the new ANSI C63.4-2014; and after the transition period date only compliance with ANSI C63.4-2014 will be accepted. The FCC will apply the same one-year transition period for use of the new edition of ANSI C63.10-2013. The FCC continues to believe that there is insufficient evidence that rod antennas, artificial hands or absorber clamps produce accurate, repeatable measurements, and that short-duration emissions can produce as much nuisance to radio communications as continuous emissions. Therefore, the FCC will continue to exclude ANSI C63.4-2014 sections that allow for these methods.

The FCC also addressed the so-called “2 dB rule,” which is a method used to limit the amount of testing needed by determining the worst-case configuration (e.g. number of cables required to be attached) for equipment with multiple ports of the same type. ANSI C63.4-2009 included a change from ANSI C63.4-2003 that revised this procedure, particularly when measurements are showing emissions levels to be near acceptable limits. Some industry members were concerned that this change would place an additional burden on testing labs resulting in substantial increases in costs. To reduce potential burdens on equipment manufacturers, the FCC will continue to accept the use of the “2 dB” method in ANSI C63.4-2003 for demonstrating compliance with the requirement in Section 15.31(i), at least until the Commission adopts further revisions to the standard.

On a related matter, the FCC remains unconvinced that it should allow the use of the measurement procedures in CISPR 22 for unintentional radiators, as an alternative to the ANSI-ASC standards being incorporated into the rules at this time. The FCC also noted that the use of the ANSI C63.4-2014 standard is an improvement over the 2009 standard, in that provides a means for the use of hybrid antennas that is appropriate and reliable for providing accurate radiated emissions measurements.

Transition Period for TCBs: Testing laboratories currently listed by the Commission under the Section 2.948 process will remain recognized for the sooner of one year from the effective date of the new rules, or until the date that their listing expires. As of the effective date of the rules, new laboratories must be accredited in order to be added to the Commission’s list of recognized testing laboratories, and the Commission will not recognize new 2.948-listed laboratories. Testing laboratories whose 2.948-listings expire within one year of the effective date of the rules may renew their listing but the renewal will be valid only until one year after the effective date of the rules. The transition to the new site validation criteria will require testing laboratories to demonstrate compliance with the site validation criteria in ANSI C63.4-2014 clause 5.5.1 a) (CISPR 16-1-4), no later than three years after the effective date of the rules. Applicants for grants of Certification using recognized 2.948-listed testing laboratories that test devices up until one year after the effective date of the rules must submit those test reports for grants of Certification within 90 days of the end of the one-year transition period (i.e., within approximately 15 months of the effective date of the rules).

FCC Provides Guidance for Licensing Former 700 MHz Narrowband Reserve Spectrum

As reported in the October 2014 edition of the Private Users Update, the FCC adopted rules which implemented changes to its rules governing the 700 MHz public safety narrowband spectrum (769-775/799/805 MHz) that were designed to promote the flexible and efficient use of public safety spectrum in the 700 MHz band. The FCC has now released its public notice providing guidance for licensing these channels.

The FCC has indicated that the 700 MHz reserve channels were released for general use under the administration of the 700 MHz Regional Planning Committees for the benefit of state and local public safety users. Additionally, the FCC noted that with the UHF T-Band Markets (which are Boston, Chicago, Dallas/Fort Worth, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York/Northeast New Jersey, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, San Francisco/Oakland, Washington, DC/Virginia/Maryland), the Commission was giving priority access to T-Band incumbents within 80 km of the city center coordinates specified in Part 90 of the FCC’s Rules. Additionally, the FCC also stated that it would provide priority access to any T-Band incumbent that received a waiver of the 80 km distance requirement. This five-year priority access window T-Band incumbents to license the former 700 MHz reserve spectrum will close on January 9, 2020. Additionally, the 700 MHz Regional Planning Committees will have until June 2, 2015 to file amendments to their planning documents to incorporate the former 700 MHz reserve channels as part of the channel block to be used for deployable trunked systems. If no plan amendment is filed within a particular planning region, the former 700 MH reserve channels will automatically revert to General Use in that region.
Applicants that are seeking to license the former 700 MHz reserve channels will be required to file a Form 601 application together with a concurrence letter from the affected 700 MHz Regional Planning Committee. Additionally, T-Band incumbents will also be required to include an attachment which demonstrates the applicant’s commitment to return an equal number of UHF T-Band channels, including a list of the call signs covering the T-Band frequencies that they intend to return.

A Petition for Reconsideration (Petition) of the new 700 MHz narrowband rules has been filed by Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA). Oppositions to the Petition must be filed on or before February 11, 2015. Replies to an opposition must be filed on or before February 23, 2015. In its Petition, TIA requests that the Commission amend its Order to “reflect that at the time a manufacturer submits . . . a device for type approval [to the Commission] it may not yet be feasible or possible to have completed yet all the requirements for [the] Project 25 Compliance Assessment Program (P25 CAP) certification.” As a result, TIA believes that the Commission should not treat the completion of the P25 CAP certification process as a prerequisite to the submission of an application for FCC type acceptance. We also note that the National Regional Planning Council (NRPC) has requested clarification regarding whether the new Air to Ground 700 MHz narrowband channels (formerly Secondary Trunked Channels) will be subject to the trunking requirements of Rule Section 90.537(a) – which requires blocks of six channels or more to be operated in a trunked mode. The NRPC believes that these channels should be exempted from the requirements of Rule Section 90.537(a) since it believes that most licensees will deploy these frequencies in a conventional mode and that the application of Rule Section 90.537(a) would hamper the effective conventional use of these frequencies.

FCC Denies Request to Postpone Pre-Coordination and Application Filing Deadlines for 800 MHz Expansion Band and Guard Band Channels

In response to the FCC’s recent Public Notice announcing the completion of the 800 MHz Band Reconfiguration in nine additional National Public Safety Planning Advisory Committee (NPSPAC) regions, the Land Mobile Communications Council (LMCC) had requested that the Commission postpone the pre-coordination and application filing dates for 120 days, until May 13 and June 10, 2015, respectively. LMCC’s request was based upon the concern that while the Frequency Advisory Committees had begun work on a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) to govern the pre-coordination process and resolve potential application conflicts, additional time was needed to complete the negotiations and implement the MOA. LMCC pointed out that “[t]he opportunity for mutually exclusive applications is high, absent an MOA designed specifically for these bands that also ensures that the spectrum is made available in a clearly defined, equitable and public beneficial manner.”

The FCC responded that LMCC did not explain why an MOA was necessary – especially since an MOA did not exist with respect to NPSPAC regions that had previously completed their 800 MHz rebanding. Because LMCC did not demonstrate that the lack of an MOA had caused significant problems in the licensing of Expansion Band and Guard Band channels in those regions, it could not conclude that LMCC had met its burden to justify a postponement of the pre-coordination and application filing dates.

Supreme Court Allows Telecom Tower In Residential Area

In T-Mobile-South v. City of Roswell, Georgia, a 6-3 majority of the US Supreme Court reversed a ruling by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit in favor of Roswell, which had rejected T-Mobile's proposal to build a tower on a tract of land surrounded by single-family homes, even though the tower would have been camouflaged to look like a tree. The federal appellate courts had divided over how and when local governments should explain their reasons for denying a tower approval, as required by Section 332 of the Communications Act. Congress crafted Section 332 as an attempt to strike a balance between the rights of state and local governments to regulate safety and aesthetics, versus the Federal interest in ensuring ubiquitous wireless services. It requires that any decision denying construction or modification of a wireless service facility be in writing and “supported by substantial evidence contained in the record.”

The Supreme Court’s decision is not a blank check for tower proponents, and the underlying permit decision must be read in the context of the facts of the case, including existing wireless coverage in the target community. But the ruling seems to suggest that state and local governments must be more precise in their handling of tower permit denials.

The Eleventh Circuit had ruled that Roswell had satisfied Section 332, because T-Mobile had its own transcript of the meeting in which the city council voted against the tower, and a written letter describing the decision and advising T-Mobile that it could obtain the minutes.

The Supreme Court ruled that the law requires that the tower proponent be provided the reasons for the permit denial. Those reasons “need not be elaborate or even sophisticated,” but “simply clear enough to enable judicial review.” Aside from the letter to the tower proponent, “[a] locality may satisfy its statutory obligations if it states its reasons with sufficient clarity in some other written record issued essentially contemporaneously with the denial,” the majority opinion stated. Although Roswell stated the reasons for the denial in the minutes of the city council meeting, it issued those minutes 26 days after the date of the written denial and just four days before T-Mobile's deadline for seeking judicial review. The Supreme Court indicated that, because the issuance of the denial letter starts a 30-day challenge clock, the reasons for the denial must be issued at approximately the same time as the letter.

Justice Samuel Alito Jr. concurred, writing: “Nothing we say today should be read to suggest that when a locality has erred, the inevitable remedy is that a tower must be built. The court has not passed on what remedial powers a ‘court of competent jurisdiction’ may exercise. This unanswered question is important given the federalism implications of this statute.”

Chief Justice John Roberts Jr., joined by Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg and in part by Justice Clarence Thomas, dissented. He said Roswell lost “because of a question of timing: The written record was not made available roughly the same day as the denial—a requirement found nowhere in the text of the statute.” Justice Clarence Thomas also dissented.

Iowa Supreme Court Rules Telecom Tax Applies to VoIP Providers

On December 19, the Iowa Supreme Court issued a ruling that says companies that provide phone service through the Internet must be taxed the same as traditional telephone service providers. This is significant because at least one state has now defined VoIP as a telecommunications service that is subject to higher fees and taxes than Internet based services — especially with the battle heating up as to whether or not Internet services should be regulated by the FCC as a telecommunications service. According to the ruling, VoIP providers operate “telephone lines” even though the calls are transmitted (at least initially) over broadband networks. As a result of the ruling, VoIP companies in Iowa are now subject to annual state property tax assessments on telephone companies, which are calculated based on the size of their service networks. This outcome could trickle down to VoIP customers in the form of higher costs.
The ruling comes as a result of a challenge by Cable One Inc., an Arizona-based company that provides cable, internet and VoIP service in the Sioux City area, of two years’ worth of Iowa Department of Revenue assessments totaling $1.4 million, which Cable One argued didn’t apply because the company doesn't operate a telephone line. According to an article in the Washington Times, Justice Edward Mansfield “reached back 130 years in [the Supreme Court’s] own history” to overturn the decisions below, noting that the original law (which dated back to 1878) technically applied only to telegraph lines but that the Iowa Supreme Court later ruled that it also applied to telephones because they were similar technologies.

“The foregoing cases support the view that the definition of ‘telephone line’ adapts with changing technology, so long as there is a line and a comparable service is being provided,” Mansfield wrote. “Cable One operates a transmission system to carry voice signals from one fixed location to another over a series of wires; therefore, it operates a telephone line.”

Justice Mansfield said the decision was also “bolstered by Cable One’s own marketing material,” noting that the company told customers that its phone service was similar to a traditional landline.

FCC Turns Down Part 90 License Sale Because Station Had Permanently Ceased Operations

In response to a Petition to Deny filed by Mobile Relay Associates (MRA) against a pending application for FCC consent to the assignment of the license for Industrial/Business Pool Service station WQCA755, the FCC opened an investigation into the status of this station in order to determine whether or not the licensee “permanently discontinued” operation. Permanent discontinuance results in cancellation of the license. The FCC has traditionally required a high standard of proof before concluding that a licensee has permanently discontinued operation. Here, MRA demonstrated (a) that it had monitored the affected frequency since 2008 without detecting any radio transmissions from the licensee and (b) that the licensee lost access to the facility when its site lease expired on January 4, 2013 without a renewal from the landlord. In addition, the FCC requested that the licensee provide information regarding operational status of the station and in so doing, advised the licensee that a failure to respond could result in the Commission concluding that it had permanently discontinued operation.

Based upon the evidence provided by MRA and the fact that the licensee never responded to the FCC’s inquiry, the FCC concluded that the license for station WQCA755 had permanently discontinued operation. As a result, the FCC updated the Universal Licensing System license database to reflect the cancellation of the license for station WQCA755 and dismissed the license assignment application.

It is important to note that under the FCC’ Rules, private land mobile facilities are deemed to have permanently discontinued operation if they are off the air for more than one year. Even shorter discontinuance periods apply to certain types of radio services. In those circumstances where a station is deemed to have been permanently discontinued by operation of the FCC’s Rules, the license authorization for that facility automatically cancels without any action by the FCC. As a result, when purchasing a facility, it is important to ensure that proper due diligence is completed to ensure that the station is being operated in accordance with the FCC’s Rules and that the station has not permanently discontinued operation; and that the seller indemnifies you against any loss if the license is later invalidated because of Seller’s failure to operate. As this case demonstrates, a permanent discontinuance of operation or even a failure to timely construct will result in the automatic cancellation of a license authorization without action by the FCC. In those cases where a license has automatically cancelled (but the license remains as “Active” in the FCC’s ULS license database), the FCC can go back and rescind a grant since there can be no assignment or transfer of a cancelled license.

We note that in this case the licensee did not respond to an FCC inquiry regarding the status of its license. A failure to respond to correspondence from the FCC can lead to adverse consequences that are based upon assumptions. Unfortunately, in many circumstances, it could become difficult to undo these consequences. As a result, it is very important that you notify our office upon the receipt of any letter from the FCC so that we can assist you in making an appropriate response.

County Ignores FCC – FCC Responds by Proposing Modification of Public Safety License

In June 2012, Union County, Florida received a license to operate a repeater base station on the frequency 155.985 MHz on a secondary, non-interference basis, since the primary use for this channel was mobile only. In October 2013, APCO notified the FCC that it had received an interference complaint from Baker County Emergency Services. Baker County, Florida received its license to operate on an adjacent frequency approximately 18 months prior to Union County’s grant. As a result, APCO proposed to relocate Union County to a new frequency that would resolve the interference issue with Baker County. Unfortunately, Union County stated that it was not willing to relocate, since it had been legitimately licensed and could not afford to make the frequency change.

Because Union County was not cooperative, APCO notified the FCC. Union County continued to ignore the matter and failed to respond to the FCC’s inquiries. It is important to note that the FCC requires licensees to make good faith efforts to cooperate in the resolution of interference complaints. Here, it appears that Union County continued to ignore the FCC’s overtures to resolve the interference problem, including scheduled conference calls and e-mails. As a result, the FCC has issued an Order Proposing Modification of Union County’s license to delete the frequency 155.985 MHz. The FCC states that if Union County does not respond, it will be deemed to have consented to the modification and that any further operation on the frequency 155.985 could result in enforcement action.
Any time you receive correspondence from the FCC, it is very important that you contact our office in order to determine the best strategy for a timely and accurate response. A failure to respond to the FCC could result in enforcement action including dismissal of applications, cancellation of licenses as well as fines.

This newsletter is not intended to provide legal advice. Those interested in more information should contact the firm. For additional information, please contact Hal Mordkofsky at 202-828-5520 or .

Voluntary Newsletter Supporters By Donation

black line

Kansas City


Premium Newsletter Supporter


black line

gcs logo

Premium Newsletter Supporter

black line

Canyon Ridge Communications

canyon ridge

Premium Newsletter Supporter

black line

ProPage Inc.


Newsletter Supporter

black line

Metropolitan Communications


Newsletter Supporter

black line


black line

Incyte Capital Holdings LLC
Dallas, Texas

Newsletter Supporter

black line

Le Réseau Mobilité Plus
Montreal, Quebec


Newsletter Supporter

black line

Communication Specialists

communication specialists

Newsletter Supporter

black line

Cook Paging

cook paging

Premium Newsletter Supporter

black line



Premium Newsletter Supporter

black line

Citipage Ltd.
Edmonton, Alberta


Newsletter Supporter

black line

Telus may be closing its pager network, but the beeper isn’t dead yet

161,500 Canadians still have pager service subscriptions

By Lucas Powers, CBC News
Posted: Jan 26, 2015 5:00 AM ET
Last Updated: Jan 26, 2015 5:00 AM ET

Remember these things? (Shutterstock)

When Motorola announced in 2001 that it would stop making pagers — those icons of 1990s technology that helped make the company a global telecom giant — Forbes magazine asked somewhat rhetorically if the decision heralded “the death” of paging.

It seems the reports of the pager’s demise were somewhat premature, at least in Canada.

While the number of such devices in use has been plummeting each year since their height in the mid-90s, Canada’s Big Three telecom companies all still operate pager networks.

Although Telus announced this week that it would be discontinuing most of its Canadian pager service, a significant number of people still use beepers.

As of 2013, about 161,500 Canadians still had paging service subscriptions and the industry generated nearly $18.5 million in revenues, according to the CRTC’s most recent communications monitoring report.

The majority of remaining pager users are health-care workers and first responders, says Garry Fitzgerald, chair of the Canadian Wireless Telecommunications Association and CEO of PageNet, a paging service provider.

These are professions in which the stakes of communicating quickly, securely and without potential interference are at their highest and this is something pagers do consistently well, Fitzgerald says.

“Paging has become mostly a critical messaging device best used when other technologies either don’t fit the situation or simply won’t work that effectively, or at all,” he says.

Steady death march

In the event of a major disaster, like a mega-thrust earthquake in B.C., for example, two-way messaging pagers could be a lifeline if cellular networks are knocked out or overloaded in the immediate aftermath. Paging systems often use multiple base transmitters to "simulcast" a signal on the same radio frequency, which, combined with the use of satellite communications, can make the beeper a more reliable tool.

Telus will shut off its remaining paging network by March 31. Bell and Rogers are expected to follow suit in the coming years, industry watchers say.
(Darryl Dyck/Canadian Press)

Even as cellular coverage continues to expand in Canada, there are still many places where the end of paging service presents a potential problem for public safety.

Several municipalities in rural Quebec, where emergency services rely heavily on pagers due to patchy, unreliable or non-existent cellular coverage, expressed worry after Telus said it would end paging services in the province by March 31.

"It’s been in the works for a long time. We are turning down the service because very few people still use it,” says Telus spokesman Chris Garretson. "This is thirty-year-old technology — the infrastructure is aging and replacement parts are difficult to get.”

The telecom company is also eliminating its pager services in B.C. and Alberta.

Despite the perception among most people that pagers are an archaic mode of communication, those that depend on the devices in dire circumstances are hesitant to rely solely on alternatives such as smart phones.

“We have medical students who come in to work and we give them a pager and they look at us like we’re crazy.”
—Robert Wu, physician of internal medicine

“If you are a person who doesn’t need paging, then you probably really don’t need it. But if you are a person who does, then you probably really, really, really need it. That tends to be first-responder types,” says Fitzgerald.

Though Bell and Rogers said in email statements they have no current plans to discontinue their paging services, industry watchers such as Toronto-based analyst and consultant Eamon Hoey say they will likely follow suit sooner rather than later.

A decade late

In the U.S., which had an estimated 50 million pager users in the mid-90s, telecom companies began halting service more than a decade ago. The same was true in Europe and East Asia, though pagers never penetrated those markets as thoroughly.

Canada has been slower to turn down pager services, despite a fairly rapid increase in cell coverage and what Hoey calls a “commendable and highly successful” introduction to the LTE network in recent years.

Despite widespread adoption of smartphones across the world, some regions still rely on pagers for critical communications.
(Ben Margot/Associated Press)

One of the reasons is that cellular plans are generally more expensive in Canada than in the U.S. or Europe, even for the most basic service.

It is the high costs of switching to cellular that has partly helped maintain one of the last bastions of the pager: hospitals.

While most other industries have moved on to more current technology, hospitals remain holdouts because pagers are dependable, service plans cost between $5 and $10 per month and health-care professionals are notoriously slow to switch to new technologies.

“Pagers are still viewed by many as the most reliable form of communication,” says Dr. Robert Wu, an internal medicine physician with the University Health Network.

“We have medical students who come in to work and we give them a pager and they look at us like we’re crazy,” Wu laughs, before repeating the adage that “it used to be doctors and drug dealers with pagers. Now it’s just doctors.”

The last great refuge

Soon enough, however, doctors will inevitably join drug dealers on the LTE network.

The problem with paging, says Wu, is that there is no way for doctors to assess the urgency of the message from a standard page, which only displays a phone number. The result can be delayed responses or health-care workers panicking to respond to non-emergency calls.

There’s always often no way for nurses to know if the page even reached the correct destination. A study completed in 2008 at Toronto’s Sunnybrook Hospital found that about 14 per cent of pages sent at the facility over a two-month period were sent to the wrong person.

A host of recent research from Canada and the U.S. has shown that replacing pagers with cellular technology results in more effective communication between hospital staff, quicker responses from doctors and fewer preventable errors in patient care.

Similarly, the long-held belief that cellular signals adversely affect hospital equipment was discredited nearly a decade ago, and increasingly doctors and nurses are switching to smart technology, says Wu.

“Ten years ago, everybody carried a pager. Now it’s about 50 to 70 per cent,” Wu estimates, who says the prevalence of pagers is less a measure of their usefulness than the result of a general technophobia among some health-care workers.

“It reflects how slow the health-care profession is to adopt new technologies. Why are we still using fax machines? We’ve got something that works, so we just stick with it.”

Wu predicts pagers will finally disappear from hospitals within the next five years, at which point we can probably declare the patient dead.

Source:CBC News

Friends & Colleagues

black line

Ira Wiesenfeld, P.E.

black line

Complete Technical Services For The Communications and Electronics Industries Design • Installation • Maintenance • Training • Engineering • Licensing • Technical Assistance

black line

Ira Wiesenfeld, P.E.
Consulting Engineer
Registered Professional Engineer

Tel/Fax: 972-960-9336
Cell: 214-707-7711
7711 Scotia Dr.
Dallas, TX 75248-3112

black line

Ira Wiesenfeld, P.E.

black line

Consulting Alliance

black line

Brad Dye, Ron Mercer, Allan Angus, Vic Jackson, and Ira Wiesenfeld are friends and colleagues who work both together and independently, on wireline and wireless communications projects.

Click here left arrow for a summary of their qualifications and experience. Each one has unique abilities. We would be happy to help you with a project, and maybe save you some time and money.

black line

Consulting Alliance

black line


black line

Wireless Network Planners

black line

Wireless Network Planners
Wireless Specialists

R.H. (Ron) Mercer
217 First Street
East Northport, NY 11731

ron mercer
Telephone: 631-786-9359

black line

Wireless Network Planners

black line

Editor’s note: This is a guest editorial by Burch Falkner of Birmingham, Alabama, a well-known and veteran-vendor to the paging and two-way radio industries. The opinions he expresses are his own, although I see no reason to disagree. Burch is about the best salesman that I have ever known. To my knowledge, he is the only one who could give a charming and eloquent sales pitch to a large group of people, and get them all to pay for the privilege of attending the presentation.

Sociology Class

I had lunch the other day over at the Smokehouse Restaurant and was chatting with the owner, Theo Hontzas, whom I have known for longer than most people have been alive. Theo has several famous sayings including “If there’s a fresh vegetable in Birmingham, we get it first” and there are others such as “15 meats and 35 vegetables on the menu every day.”

I ordered some baked chicken and dressing along with green beans, radishes, scallions, and banana pudding. That will get you through the day! I commented on how much I liked his dressing and he replied he had only been making it for 55 years. Theo still gets up at 4 am to “do the cooking” and early shopping at the farmers market down the street.

But, there is a problem. Theo’s business is dwindling. Even though he has some of the best food money can buy, he is passed up as most folks go to troll food joints (my term for McDonald’s, etc.) The neighborhood has changed, but not much. Customers are loyal although many have departed for places of retirement or final resting places. Young people have come in over the years, but there are not as many young people as there used to be (at least, not of the type that fit his patron profile). So the question is why is the business declining?

You may wonder what Theo and I have in common with a number of well-known people including Clint Eastwood, Betty White, George Burns, Eileen Stitch, Warren Buffet, and the Dali Lama. The answer is that we have all continued to “labor” beyond our generational boundaries. Scripture says that a “generation” is that period of time in your life when you are productive (i.e. neither child or aged). That period of time is 40 years. That is the time allocated for us to make it or break it. Putting it another way, we have a 70 year life plan with 20 years to prepare, 40 years to do, and 10 years to rest and enjoy (maybe a few more).

Those of us who attempt to continue productivity are very few. Those who are able to continue productivity, even fewer, but there are always a few notable exceptions. King Hezekiah is on record for being the first to ask for life extension in a productive capacity (as King) when he asked our Creator for an additional 15 years. He got it.  He later wished he had not. Even those of us who remain, or try to remain productive, face the potentially unpleasant prospect of learning that our time is past. Some appear to be successful in adapting, William Shatner of Star Trek fame, being a good example). Old Bill (aka Captain Kirk), at age 82 has a trophy wife, still rides horses and is somewhat gainfully employed.

For average folks, many of us are caught up in what I call the Blacksmith Syndrome, which is just another way of saying that you have outlived your skills. We don’t need blacksmiths, or radio and TV repairmen, or disk jockeys, soda jerks, or door-to-door sales people (who are now jailed on a variety of charges). Even relatively high tech jobs like aerial photographers are being replaced by a guy with a joystick and a drone. The truth is, we really don’t need railroad engineers, airline pilots, or even family practice physicians. 

Interactive computers can replace all these jobs as they have for clerks, stenographers and telephone operators. Plant workers and trades people of all types, including farmers are no longer needed. Jobs, as my generation knows them, are all going away, and that is a perfectly natural thing as the jobs of yesterday are being replaced by new technology.

Retail clerks, mail order merchandisers, even sales representatives are all suffering from the effects of corporate mergers and the integration of information technology. Is the news all bad? No, just different. A forty-year-old college degree is virtually useless unless the holder has continued their education. A civil engineer of 1975 wouldn’t even know the tools of the trade today as the need for advanced and continued education becomes increasingly important.

Choosing the right education is equally important. In 1975 those who had degrees in law and teaching were in high demand. Today, most recent graduates can’t find a job. A welder in North Dakota is in far greater demand than CPAs, lawyers, and teachers. These changes are not new. Blacksmiths, coppersmiths, glassblowers and watchmakers can tell you all about it, but the real change is generational as the Bible clearly explains. Here’s an example from the Old Testament:

And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: Joel 2:38 KJV

And here is one from the New Testament:

And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams: Acts 2:17 KJV

As you can see, both passages essentially say the same thing. The question is, what are they really saying? Let’s start with what the sons and daughters are doing. They are prophesying. What does that mean? It means speaking out or expressing their thoughts through song. In the planned order of things by our Creator, the young are taught to LISTEN AND LEARN. The rock stars like Madonna and Brittney are not the role models our Creator chose for us. The results are self-evident.

So what about the young men who have visions? A vision translates into foresight, the kind we see in Steve Jobs, Elton Musk, Larry Ellison, Paul Elio, Preston Tucker, Martin Luther King, Nicola Tesla, Alexander the Great, and even people we may not like, such as Fidel Castro (when he was young), Mahmūd Ahmadinezhād of Iran, and other revolutionary figures with visions of change.

And the old men with their dreams?  Unfortunately, this means that most of us lose our ability to adapt to change.  We will either drop out and do nothing, keep doing what we’ve always done (which sometimes works for those with skills and talents that are in demand), or develop some unused talent, such as art.  Many famous artists didn’t even start until after the age of sixty.  But for most of us, we spend a lot of time remembering the past along with speculating on things that never come to fruition.

So where does that leave those of us who are “still at it” beyond our productive years?  Most of us will fail if we don’t have enough sense to quit while we are ahead.  Others, with significant talent (like George Burns and Bob Hope) are carried by their remarkable abilities. And there are those that keep on keeping on following their leader, General Douglas MacArthur who originated these words “Old soldiers never die, they just fade away.”

The conclusion?  Whatever you do, give it your best, pray to your Savior for guidance, and be thankful for the opportunity that has been given to you. As for Theo and I, we’ll try to be here when you need us.

black line

Burch Falkner

Falcon Community Services
36 20th Avenue NW - Suite 100
Birmingham, AL 35215

Tel: 205-854-2611
Fax: 205-853-6178


Prism Paging


white line


white line


  • VoIP telephone access — eliminate interconnect expense
  • Call from anywhere — Prism SIP Gateway allows calls from PSTN and PBX
  • All the Features for Paging, Voice-mail, Text-to-Pager, Wireless and DECT phones
  • Prism Inet, the new IP interface for TAP, TNPP, SNPP, SMTP — Industry standard message input
  • Direct Connect to NurseCall, Assisted Living, Aged Care, Remote Monitoring, Access Control Systems


From:Denis, Gignac
Subject: Telus pager service cancellation worries rural communities
Date:January 23, 2015 at 7:17:52 PM CST
To:Brad Dye

Hello Brad,

I’m surprised to read about the Telus pager story in The Wireless Messaging News. You really have eyes all around your head!

Yes, Telus has advised their customers of the end of pager service last autumn.

As the closer paging carrier from the “Quebec’s Lower North Shore” area we are directly involved in this saga and also with other Telus paging customers inside of our existing territory.

The long-term story was the following for the specific Quebec’s Lower North Shore area (Map of the area in attachment):

Several years ago, probably between 15 to 20 years and maybe more, Telus signed an agreement with the regional health agency to supply and maintain a paging service in those small and isolated communities on the Quebec’s Lower North Shore. Those communities have a total of around 4 000 people in a 57,590 km2 territory.

The regional health agency paid for a private system, but in reality, Telus has installed a “private extension” of his 900 MHz public paging network. The major users are the regional health agency with probably around 100 pagers in service, and they paid several thousand dollars a month to Telus to supply and maintain around 10 paging transmitters on its microwave transmission sites. Most sites have towers of around 500 ft. located in each small community.

Most villages have no roads connecting them.

If you have a technical problem, access is possible in the summer by air with a cost of approximately $3,000 USD — if you have little luggage — plus other travel costs, or you can use the ferry, with a single link in each direction per week, and a trip in one direction of a duration of one to three days. Your technician can get stuck on site for more than a week.

During the winter, there is only the aircraft or a multi-day snowmobile trip across the numerous frozen rivers.

Also if you rent Telus sites, at a unit cost of $600 to $900 per month without antenna, you need to triple the cost to be accompanied by a Telus chaperon.

The agency needs to stay in touch with its employees located on this large territory. Just to give to you an idea of the territory, the ten small villages are located on a quasi-straight line of around 200 miles long on the north shore of the St-Laurence Gulf. Several private users, probably no more than 100, have been added in this area over the years. But probably 75% of all pager users are located in the main village where the regional hospitals are located.

It is understandable that no service provider will install the service in this region without some form of subsidy.

After the end-of-service letter, we have had some contacts with the regional health agency for a replacement system. We supplied [them with] information about private wide area paging system, multiple small local systems, and extension of our public wide area VHF network, and also about wide area digital radio system including text messaging and telephone interconnect capabilities.

Since that time, it seems that there is no more service at the number you dialed! The regional health agency [might] probably try to find some $ to install a kind of service. But during our discussions, I really felt that the agency [would] try to force the government to subsidize the installation of cellular by Telus.

In other areas where our paging services are available, some hospitals immediately take the decision to migrate to our service. But in several cases, they have refused to do so because of a budget issue. It is true that we cannot offer the rental of the pager and the alpha service for $5 a month, like with Telus. We told them that this is probably the price to pay for a service provider that will not let them down as with Telus.

In several cases, we have [received] the answer that even at the Telus price, they would not accept our offer. They just are not willing to pay a small regional company the same price they paid to Telus!

We must understand that all this happens in a context of severe budget restrictions from the provincial government, and a major reorganization at the level of the structure of the provincial health agency.

They probably have many other things to deal with, and the pager question appears to be less an emergency for the moment. Several managers probably think that Telus will extend the service after the announced date.

From our side, we are preparing to be able to provide service to Telus customers who are willing to migrate urgently on April first, on the territory that we already cover.  For other areas, it will be a matter of financial justification. But customers really risk losing the service for some time.

Have a good week end Brad,

Denis Gignac, Prés.

Conseiller technique senior, Sans Fil, Radiocommunication et Téléavertisseur
Senior Technical Advisor, Wireless, Two-Way Radio and Paging

Telecommunications de l’Est
143, boul. Dion, Matane (Qc)
Canada  G4W 3L8
Tel.: 418 562-9000 +201 • Telec/Fax: 418 562-0022
1 800 463-9400

Succursales de Télécommunications de l’Est localisées à :
Branches of Télécommunications de l’Est located in :
Matane (2), Rimouski (2), Gaspe, Maria, Sept-Iles (2), Havre-Saint-Pierre, Baie-Comeau, Riviere-du-Loup

black line

Thank you very much Denis. May I publish your message?

black line

No problem Brad, but you will probably have to do some spelling corrections!

For your information, following the Telus letter we contacted the Telus people in our area to offer them to reroute the Telus RF links and DID trunks of its VHF network to our paging terminal to insure smooth transition for their customers.

We are still waiting for a return call!

black line

Minor spelling and grammar corrections made as requested.

black line

Attachment, Quebec’s Lower North Shore Area Map:

From:Ron Mercer
Subject: Telus pager service cancellation worries rural communities
Date:January 29, 2015 at 2:14 PM
To:Brad Dye

Dear Brad.

I was saddened but not really surprised to read of Telus’ recent decision to discontinue Paging service in several rural Quebec communities. Painful as such news is to “Old Timers” such as you and I, the economic realities of small pager-user populations in isolated communities scattered across huge territories is very compelling.

Maybe more-so for me because I come from such a place, but I believe that  the safety and well-being of people in these communities is also important and, accordingly, I suggest that our industry needs to put some thought into alternative solutions.

One thought occurs to me:

I believe that the Canadian Government supports FM broadcast radio facilities that serve these remote communities. Could an RDS System, operating on the FM Subcarrier, provide the needed service at a much lower operating cost?

I also believe that a quantity of surplus RDS pagers as well as appropriate infrastructure equipment exists within the Newsletter readership.

What thoughts do others have?

Regards and keep up your good work.

Ron Mercer

Paging & Wireless Network Planners
217 First Street
East Northport, NY 11731
Telephone: 631-786-9359


The Wireless Messaging News

Current member or former member of these organizations.

Best regards,
brad's signature
Newsletter Editor
Licensed 57 years

Brad Dye
P.O. Box 266
Fairfield, IL 62837 USA

mensa member

If you are curious about why I joined Mensa, click here .

U.S. Navy

radioman second class
Second Class
Petty Officer



A Public Library of
animated gif
Paging Information


European Mobile Messaging Association
emma logo
Former Board Member

radio club paraguay
Radio Club
of Paraguay

Quarter Century qcwa k9iqy
Wireless Association

Back To Paging
Still The Most Reliable Wireless Protocol For Emergencies!

Skype: braddye
Twitter: @BradDye1
Telephone: +1-618-599-7869
Wireless: Consulting page
Paging: Home Page
Marketing & Engineering Papers
K9IQY: Ham Radio Page

Institute of Electrical and
Electronics Engineers

wireless logo medium

Radio Club
radio club of america
of America

I am a person in
long-term recovery.


“Though no one can go back and make a brand new start, anyone can start from now and make a brand new ending.”

— Carl Bard


Ford GT in Detroit is Very Real, With 600-Plus HP

Super car goes on sale late next year

Ford’s 2015 Detroit auto show press conference began with CEO Mark Fields saying he had a feeling there would be more questions about autonomous vehicle technology and fuel economy than horsepower. Wrong. The long-rumored Ford GT was finally brought onto the stage, looking damn sexy in a vivid royal blue, proving that it is indeed, very real.

With that, here's what we know: The super car will be powered by what Ford claims to be the most powerful EcoBoost production engine ever: a next-gen twin-turbo EcoBoost V-6 that makes more than 600 horsepower. However much SAE-rated horsepower that turns out to be, it will drive the rear wheels via a seven-speed dual clutch automatic that Ford says will deliver “near-instantaneous” gear changes. Also helping the new mid-engine Ford GT achieve its super car status is lightweight carbon fiber construction. Along with a carbon fiber passenger cell, the GT also features aluminum front and rear sub-frames encapsulated in structural carbon fiber body panels. Underneath all that, the GT's chassis is suspended by an active racing-style torsion bar and pushrod suspension. The car's ride height can be adjusted.

Source:Motor Trend

Home Page | Directory | Consulting | Newsletters
Products | Reference | Glossary | Send e-mail