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Wireless News Aggregation

Friday — January 15, 2016 — Issue No. 690

Dear Friends of Wireless Messaging,

Welcome back to The Wireless Messaging News.

Emergency codes to become more plain spoken

Aimee Ambrose wrote this week’s health care column.

Posted: Thursday, January 14, 2016 10:00 pm

Hospitals in northeast Indiana plan to replace a color-code emergency alert system with a system based on keeping it real.

A new plain language practice will be adopted as a uniform standard for alerts at the area’s hospitals, the Northeast Indiana Patient Safety Safety Coalition said in a statement.

Instead of different hospitals using different colors to declare a code in the case of an emergency, such as severe weather for example, the hospitals will begin by specifying the nature of the alert and other pertinent information.

“Plain language within health care is a pillar of health literacy and has been adopted to demonstrate improved patient safety outcomes,” the statement said. “Employees who are now to the field of healthcare, or those who work at multiple hospitals, may not recall unique code nomenclature that could potentially result in an adverse action.”

Hospitals will maintain the practice of announcing alerts to patients and staff via hospital paging systems. [ source ]

Now more news and views.

Wayne County, Illinois

Wireless Messaging News
  • Emergency Radio Communications
  • Wireless Messaging
  • Critical Messaging
  • Telemetry
  • Paging
  • Wi-Fi
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About Us

A new issue of the Wireless Messaging Newsletter is posted on the web each week. A notification goes out by e-mail to subscribers on most Fridays around noon central US time. The notification message has a link to the actual newsletter on the web. That way it doesn’t fill up your incoming e-mail account.

There is no charge for subscription and there are no membership restrictions. Readers are a very select group of wireless industry professionals, and include the senior managers of many of the world’s major Paging and Wireless Messaging companies. There is an even mix of operations managers, marketing people, and engineers — so I try to include items of interest to all three groups. It’s all about staying up-to-date with business trends and technology.

I regularly get readers’ comments, so this newsletter has become a community forum for the Paging, and Wireless Messaging communities. You are welcome to contribute your ideas and opinions. Unless otherwise requested, all correspondence addressed to me is subject to publication in the newsletter and on my web site. I am very careful to protect the anonymity of those who request it.

I spend the whole week searching the Internet for news that I think may be of interest to you — so you won’t have to. This newsletter is an aggregator — a service that aggregates news from other news sources. You can help our community by sharing any interesting news that you find.

Editorial Policy

Editorial Opinion pieces present only the opinions of the author. They do not necessarily reflect the views of any of advertisers or supporters. This newsletter is independent of any trade association.

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The Wireless Messaging News
Board of Advisors

Frank McNeill
Founder & CEO
Communications Specialists
Jim Nelson
President & CEO
Prism Systems International
Kevin D. McFarland, MSCIS
Sr. Application Systems Analyst
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Paul Lauttamus
Lauttamus Communications & Security
R.H. (Ron) Mercer
Wireless Consultant
Barry Kanne
Paging Industry Veteran
Ira Wiesenfeld, P.E.
Consulting Engineer

The Board of Advisor members are people with whom I have developed a special rapport, and have met personally. They are not obligated to support the newsletter in any way, except with advice, and maybe an occasional letter to the editor.

Advertiser Index

American Messaging
Critical Alert
Easy Solutions
Hark Technologies
Ira Wiesenfeld & Associates
Leavitt Communications
Preferred Wireless
Prism Paging
Product Support Services — (PSSI)
Paging & Wireless Network Planners LLC — (Ron Mercer)
RF Demand Solutions
STI Engineering
WaveWare Technologies

RF Demand Solutions

Codan Paging Transmitters

  • The smart choice for Critical Messaging
  • Proven performance in extreme conditions
  • Trusted by the World's largest mission critical security, military, & humanitarian agencies

Flexible Modern Design:

  • Analog & Digital
  • VHF, UHF & 900 MHz
  • WB, NB, & Splinter Operation
  • Multiple Frequencies & Protocols
  • High Power Output Configuration available
  • Integrates with Motorola & Glenayre Simulcast
  • Compatible with most popular Controllers

 Thousands In Use...

  • Utility Load Demand
  • Healthcare
  • Enterprise

Your US Distributor for Codan Radio Paging Equipment
847-829-4730 / /

Microsoft Patch Tuesday kills off Windows 8 and Internet Explorer 8, 9, and 10

Support for Windows 8 is over, as is most support for Internet Explorer 8, 9, and 10. If you haven't done so already now is the time to upgrade.

Ian Paul | @ianpaul
Contributor, PCWorld Jan 12, 2016 7:11 AM

You’ve heard of Christmas in July. Well how about spring cleaning in January? Microsoft is kicking off 2016 with arguably its most significant Patch Tuesday in months. As of today, Microsoft bids goodbye to all but one version of Internet Explorer and a Windows release it would rather forget.

The biggest item on the chopping block is Windows 8. Not Windows 8.1—that sweeping update is still supported—but the original, non-Start button version of Windows 8. After Tuesday’s updates, Microsoft will cease support for the 3 year, 2 month, and 17-day old operating system. That means Windows 8 is going the way of Windows XP ; no more security updates, no bug fixes, nothing.

Users still on Windows 8 will have to upgrade to Windows 8.1 or make the jump to Windows 10 . Both are free upgrades for Windows 8 users at this writing. That may be problematic for some if you have an oddball PC that is no longer supported by a manufacturer and thus missing drivers for a smooth experience. Other than that small minority of users, everyone else should dump Windows 8 as soon as possible.

If you’re going from Windows 8 to Windows 8.1, remember that the upgrade happens via the Windows Store and not Windows Update.

The story behind the story: Windows 8 was supposed to be a revolutionary OS that had two different interfaces, built to run on both PCs and tablets. The idea was inherently flawed and ultimately failed. Microsoft tried to improve the situation by adding features PC users wanted in Windows 8.1, but it really wasn’t until Windows 10 that Microsoft’s vision of a single OS running everywhere came to satisfying fruition.

IE goes to eleven

There can be only one.

Windows 8 is going to have some company in the dustbin of history. Microsoft plans to discontinue almost all support for Internet Explorer 8, 9, and 10. This issue only affects Windows 7 users who haven’t upgraded to IE11, and Windows 8 users who must upgrade to Windows 8.1 or 10 to get the latest version of IE.

Everyone else—Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 users—already have IE11 as it came built into their systems. In fact, Windows 10 users are barely affected since the built-in browser of choice for Microsoft’s latest OS is the new Edge browser.

If you’re a Windows 7 user with automatic updates enabled then you should have IE11 already. To check which version you’re running, open Internet Explorer click the Settings cog in the upper right corner, and select About Internet Explorer. A pop-up window will appear with all the details you need.

If you can’t be bothered to check don’t sweat it. A patch rolling out today for Windows 7 will detect the version of IE you have and then continue to bug you until you upgrade.

The only exception to the end of IE versions 8 through 10 will be Windows Vista, which will continue to get support for Internet Explorer 9. IE9 was the last version of the browser built for the OS. But that support won’t run for much longer. Microsoft will end support for Vista in April 2017, which means the OS will cease receiving security updates all together—just like Windows 8 and XP.

Microsoft’s latest round of security patches start rolling out Tuesday but may take a few days before they land on your system.

Source: PCWorld  

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BlackBerry’s “end-to-end security” didn’t do El Chapo any favors

Written by: Ana Campoy
January 15, 2016

That one of the world’s most elusive fugitives chose a BlackBerry could have been a huge endorsement for the battered Canadian cellphone company.

Except Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán, once Mexico’s most-wanted criminal, was busted after his BlackBerry messages were obtained by the Mexican government. His BlackBerry conversations with Mexican actress Kate de Castillo, who helped organize an interview with US actor Sean Penn, were one of the many elements that led to his arrest (link in Spanish,) Mexico’s Secretario of the Interior, Miguel Angel Osorio Chong, told Radio Fórmula.

On Jan. 12, Mexican newspaper Milenio published a lengthy apparent exchange (Spanish) between Guzmán, his associates and del Castillo.

While still in hiding, Guzmán carefully deliberated what phone to get del Castillo, with whom he appears to have been infatuated, according to the string of alleged messages. His starting criteria for the purchase appears to have been popularity and looks.

“Which [phones] are the most fashionable right now?” he asks his associates.

“Which one is the prettiest to look at?” reads another message.

Among his options were the BlackBerry Leap, the iPhone 6 Plus, and the Samsung Galaxy 6 Edge.
He finally settled on a BlackBerry Z30 , even if it didn’t come in the pale pink color he said he wanted for del Castillo. (After asking at four customer service centers, Guzmán’s associates confirmed that the Z30 only comes in black and silver. “Buy it gray,” he said.)

Del Castillo, who used the alias “Ermoza,” a misspelled version of “beautiful” in the messages, appeared to be pleased with the choice. “Thanks for sending me this gadget that is soooo modern!” she wrote.

It’s unclear how Mexican authorities got the BlackBerry communications published by Milenio. They could have been leaked by one of the participants. BlackBerry could have shared the messages with law enforcement agents investigating El Chapo. Still, it doesn’t look good for the company. BlackBerry did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

BlackBerry has enjoyed a reputation of being highly secure, with several world leaders reportedly relying on the company’s devices. US president Barack Obama still uses one.

Each phone has a unique ID, or PIN, that is stored locally. The PINs work as encryption keys that provide an added layer of security to messages between BlackBerry users than what is available for regular texts, Ken Dulaney, a mobile analyst at Gartner, tells Quartz. BlackBerry calls it “ end-to-end security .”

But that reputation for security is eroding. Dutch police have learned how to crack encrypted BlackBerry messages , according to recent reports. In response, BlackBerry said in a statement that there are no “ backdoors ” to its devices.

The news that Blackberry messages could have played a part in El Chapo’s capture can’t be heartening for those who use the device to maximize privacy. These days there is simply no system that can entirely guarantee security for individuals like El Chapo, or anyone else, says Dulaney. “If I was a criminal I’d be nervous about all them,” he adds.

Source: QUARTZ  

Prism Paging

white stripe


white stripe


  • VoIP telephone access — eliminate interconnect expense
  • Call from anywhere — Prism SIP Gateway allows calls from PSTN and PBX
  • All the Features for Paging, Voice-mail, Text-to-Pager, Wireless and DECT phones
  • Prism Inet, the new IP interface for TAP, TNPP, SNPP, SMTP — Industry standard message input
  • Direct Connect to NurseCall, Assisted Living, Aged Care, Remote Monitoring, Access Control Systems

Product Support Services, Inc.

Repair and Refurbishment Services

pssi logo


Product Support Services, Inc.

511 South Royal Lane
Coppell, Texas 75019
(972) 462-3970 Ext. 261 left arrow left arrow

PSSI is the industry leader in reverse logistics, our services include depot repair, product returns management, RMA and RTV management, product audit, test, refurbishment, re-kitting and value recovery.


Be sure your infrastructure is up and running with the ProTek Flex Site Monitor from PageTek.

ProTek Flex—reliable, adaptable, expandable, affordable—and no surprises.



WaveWare Technologies

2630 National Dr., Garland, TX 75041

Now stocking the full line of Daviscomms paging products

New Products

SPS-5v9E Paging System

  • 1 Serial Port Connection
  • 2 Ethernet Connections
  • Browser and Serial Port Configuration
  • TAP, COMP2, Scope, WaveWare SNPP, COMP2, & PET Protocols
  • 2W, 5W Option

DMG Protocol Converter

  • Linux Based Embedded System
  • Up to 4 Serial Port Connections
  • Ethernet Connections
  • Browser Configuration
  • Protocol Conversion
  • Additional Protocols Available Soon

WaveWare Technologies




Easy Solutions

easy solutions

Easy Solutions provides cost effective computer and wireless solutions at affordable prices. We can help in most any situation with your communications systems. We have many years of experience and a vast network of resources to support the industry, your system and an ever changing completive landscape.

  • We treat our customers like family. We don’t just fix problems . . . We recommend and implement better cost effective solutions.
  • We are not just another vendor . . . We are a part of your team. All the advantages of high priced full time employment without the cost.
  • We are not in the Technical Services business . . . We are in the Customer Satisfaction business.

Experts in Paging Infrastructure

  • Glenayre, Motorola, Unipage, etc.
  • Excellent Service Contracts
  • Full Service—Beyond Factory Support
  • Contracts for Glenayre and other Systems starting at $100
  • Making systems More Reliable and MORE PROFITABLE for over 30 years.

Please see our web site for exciting solutions designed specifically for the Wireless Industry. We also maintain a diagnostic lab and provide important repair and replacement parts services for Motorola and Glenayre equipment. Call or e-mail us for more information.

Easy Solutions
3220 San Simeon Way
Plano, Texas 75023

Vaughan Bowden
Telephone: 972-898-1119

Easy Solutions

New iPhone 7 concept gives Apple’s next flagship a stunning redesign

By Jacob Siegal on Jan 15, 2016 at 12:08 PM

Whether or not Apple launches a new phone this spring, we’re almost certainly going to have to wait until September before the true sequel to the iPhone 6s makes it to store shelves. For iPhone users who weren’t able or willing to upgrade to the most recent version of the phone, the wait can be excruciating. But in the meantime, at least we have concept art.

Earlier this week, artist Arthur Reis published images of a thinner, stronger, faster iPhone 7 concept that seems to pick and choose from the latest rumors in order to cobble together an ideal smartphone.

On his Behance page , Reis says that his iPhone 7 has a scratch-resistant, stainless steel body, a thinner front bezel and decreased width and height to allow for a better grip. After all, iPhones are notoriously slippery.

As for the specifications, this conceptual iPhone 7 would feature an AMOLED display, an improved f/2.0 camera, Force Touch technology from the MacBook on the Home button, 16 hours of battery life while browsing on LTE, enhanced speakers for louder and better quality sound and a water-resistant body.

Also notable is the inclusion of a headphone jack, which many reports have indicated will not appear on the next flagship device from Apple. Yes, there are plenty of reasonable explanations for why Apple might remove the jack from future phones, but until we know for sure that our old headphones are useless, we can dream about concepts like these.

Watch a video of the iPhone 7 concept below:


Leavitt Communications


Specialists in sales and service of equipment from these leading manufacturers, as well as other two-way radio and paging products:

UNICATIONbendix king

motorola blue Motorola SOLUTIONS

COMmotorola red Motorola MOBILITY spacer
Philip C. Leavitt
Leavitt Communications
7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253
Web Site:
Mobile phone:847-494-0000
Skype ID:pcleavitt

The NSA releases its first transparency report under the US Freedom Act

Unsurprisingly, the NSA says it's doing a great job at protecting privacy.

Nathan Ingraham
January 14, 2016

Back in June, President Obama signed the USA Freedom Act into law. The bill finally put limitations on the NSA's ability to bulk collect telephone data under the controversial section 215 of the Patriot Act. As part of the new bill, the NSA was compelled to release a transparency report detailing if it was meeting the privacy standards enacted by the Freedom Act. Today, the agency has published its first report, conducted by the NSA's Civil Liberties and Privacy Office (CLPO).

If you don't know the inside details of how exactly the NSA conducts its phone surveillance programs, it's worth a read, as it goes into a lot of detail on just how and what it collects and what privacy safeguards are now in place. And, somewhat unsurprisingly, the agency says that it's meeting all of the privacy measures that are now required of it.

The report details how the agency faired across a total of eight different categories referred to as "fair information practice principles." Those principles include transparency, individual participation, purpose specification, data minimization, use limitation, data quality and integrity, security, and accountability and auditing. According to the report, the NSA "satisfies" six of those eight principles, which two others are a little less clear.

Unsurprisingly, the two outlying categories are transparency and individual participation. The transparency principle calls for organizations to notify individuals regarding collection and usage of their personally identifiable information (PII), while the individual participation principle calls for organizations to involve the individuals and seek consent with possible for the collection and use of PII. In the former case, the CLPO found that "the robust public debate of the USA Freedom Act, as well as the Government's release of detailed information about NSA's implementation of the statute" was enough to "adequately address" the transparency principle.

As for the individual participation principle, the idea of giving someone a head's up that you're tracking their phone calls is a pretty massive tip-off, so the NSA hasn't really been doing it. The NSA writes in its report:

“If a target of an international terrorism investigation becomes aware of the investigation, he or she likely will take steps to thwart investigators. The targets of such investigations also attempt to conceal from the government the identities of their contacts. As a consequence, direct individual participation thwarts the legitimate need to identify individuals engaged in international terrorism.”

Due to this conflict, the CLPO concluded that the NSA's behavior regarding this principle was “appropriate under the circumstances.”

If you want to learn more about how the NSA is supposedly treating our personal data with more care and respect now that the Freedom Act has gone into effect, the whole report can be found here.

Source: engadget  

STI Engineering

sti header

250W VHF Paging Transmitter

STI Engineering’s RFI-148 250 high performance paging transmitter features true DDS frequency generation that enables precise control and flexibility for a wide range of data transmission applications.

The transmitter is particularly suitable for large simulcast POCSAG and FLEX paging networks and can be used as drop-in replacement of older and obsolete transmitters. The unit has a proven track record in large scale critical messaging systems.

sti tx
  • High power output
    (selectable from 20 W - 250 W)
  • SNMP Diagnostics and alarms
  • Full VHF Band coverage
    (138-174 MHz)
  • DSP precision modulation
  • Integrated isolator
  • Sniffer port for in-rack receiver
  • Remote firmware upgrade capability
  • Software selectable frequency offset
  • Adjustable absolute delay correction
  • Front panel diagnostics
  • Hardware alarm outputs
  • High frequency stability
  • External reference option
  • FCC and ACMA approved
  • CE compliant version in development
sti22 Boulder Road Malaga 6090 Western Australia
Telephone:  +61 8 9209 0900
Facsimile:  +61 8 9248 2833


The wonderful, unexpected return of the luxury coupe

By Tamara Warren on January 15, 2016 11:57 am

If you want to win the hearts of cynical car journalists at an auto show, dazzle them with the unveiling of an unexpected luxury coupe concept. Buick, the GM brand that's struggled with its old-guy image over the past few decades, opted to use the stage of the North American International Auto Show (NAIAS) this week to make a powerful statement about its identity. Last Sunday, Buick unveiled its vision for a luxury concept coupe — the Buick Avista, a classic two-door looker.

The “coupe,” a term with French origins, refers to a two-door body style and dates back to the turn of the 20th century. It is typically smaller and more svelte in proportion compared to a four-door sedan. In recent years, automakers have started to bend the definition of the word to include sporty four-doors, but the Avista is a true coupe in every sense of the word. “[The Avista] was purely a design exploration exercise,” says Liz Wetzel, director of interior design for Buick. “We used this project to take sculptural beauty and think about Buick and where it’s been in the past. The Buick Y-Job was the very first automotive show car. Buick used to use technology and beautiful sculpture together.” (GM's first car design chief Harley Earl created the Y-Job , the first concept car at an auto show in 1938.)

Source: The Verge  

Leavitt Communications

its stil here

It’s still here — the tried and true Motorola Alphamate 250. Now owned, supported, and available from Leavitt Communications. Call us for new or reconditioned units, parts, manuals, and repairs.

We also offer refurbished Alphamate 250s, Alphamate IIs, the original Alphamate and new and refurbished pagers, pager repairs, pager parts and accessories. We are FULL SERVICE in Paging!

E-mail Phil Leavitt ( ) for pricing and delivery information or for a list of other available paging and two-way related equipment.

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Phil Leavitt

leavitt logo

7508 N. Red Ledge Drive
Paradise Valley, AZ 85253

Hark Technologies

hark logo

Wireless Communication Solutions

USB Paging Encoder

paging encoder

  • Single channel up to eight zones
  • Connects to Linux computer via USB
  • Programmable timeouts and batch sizes
  • Supports 2-tone, 5/6-tone, POCSAG 512/1200/2400, GOLAY
  • Supports Tone Only, Voice, Numeric, and Alphanumeric
  • PURC or direct connect
  • Pictured version mounts in 5.25" drive bay
  • Other mounting options available
  • Available as a daughter board for our embedded Internet Paging Terminal (IPT)

Paging Data Receiver (PDR)


  • Frequency agile—only one receiver to stock
  • USB or RS-232 interface
  • Two contact closures
  • End-user programmable w/o requiring special hardware
  • 16 capcodes
  • Eight contact closure version also available
  • Product customization available

Other products

Please see our web site for other products including Internet Messaging Gateways, Unified Messaging Servers, test equipment, and Paging Terminals.

Hark Technologies
717 Old Trolley Rd Ste 6 #163
Summerville, SC 29485
Tel: 843-821-6888
Fax: 843-821-6894
E-mail: left arrow CLICK
Web: left arrow CLICK

Hark Technologies

Preferred Wireless

preferred logo

Terminals & Controllers:
4ASC1500 Complete, w/Spares
3CNET Platinum Controllers
2GL3100 RF Director
1GL3000 ES — 2 Chassis — Configurable
1GL3000 L — 2 Cabinets, complete working, w/spares
35SkyData 8466 B Receivers
1Unipage — Many Unipage Cards & Chassis
10Zetron M66 Transmitter Controllers
15Glenayre Complete GPS Kits
1Glenayre QT6994, 150W, 900 MHz Link TX
3Motorola 10W, 900 MHz Link TX (C35JZB6106)
Link Transmitters:
6Glenayre QT4201 25W Midband Link TX
3Motorola 10W, 900 MHz Link TX (C35JZB6106)
1Motorola Q2630A, 30W, UHF Link TX
VHF Paging Transmitters:
19Motorola Nucleus 125W CNET
6Motorola Nucleus 350W CNET
11Motorola Nucleus 350W NAC
14Motorola Nucleus 125W NAC
1Glenayre QT7505
1Glenayre QT8505
3Glenayre QT-100C
UHF Paging Transmitters:
16Glenayre UHF GLT5340, 125W, DSP Exciter
900 MHz Paging Transmitters:
2Glenayre GLT8200, 25W (NEW)
15Glenayre GLT-8500 250W
4Glenayre GLT 8600, 500W
 Nucleus Power Supplies
 Nucleus NIU, Matched Pairs
 Nucleus GPS Reference Modules
 Nucleus GPS Receivers
 Nucleus Chassis
 Glenayre 8500, PAs, PSs, DSP Exciters
 Glenayre VHF DSP Exciters


Too Much To List • Call or E-Mail

Rick McMichael
Preferred Wireless, Inc.
Telephone: 888-429-4171
(If you are calling from outside of the USA, please use: 314-575-8425) left arrow

Preferred Wireless


Critical Alert

spacer cas logo

Critical Alert Systems, Inc.

Formed in 2010, CAS brought together the resources and capabilities of two leading critical messaging solutions providers, UCOM™ and Teletouch™ Paging, along with lntego Systems™, a pioneer in next-generation nurse call systems. The result was an organization that represented more than 40 years of combined experience serving hospitals and healthcare providers.

CAS was created to be a single-source provider for hospitals and healthcare facilities in need of advanced nurse call and communications technologies.

Unlike our competitors, our product development process embraced the power of software from its inception. This enables us to design hardware-agnostic solutions focused on built-in integration, flexibility and advanced performance.


Nurse Call Solutions

Innovative, software-based nurse call solutions for acute and long-term care organizations.


Paging Solutions

To this day, for critical messaging, nothing beats paging. It’s simply the best way to deliver a critical message.



© Copyright 2015 - Critical Alert Systems, Inc.

BloostonLaw Newsletter

Selected portions of the BloostonLaw Telecom Update, and/or the BloostonLaw Private Users Update — newsletters from the Law Offices of Blooston, Mordkofsky, Dickens, Duffy & Prendergast, LLP — are reproduced in this section with the firm’s permission.

BloostonLaw Telecom UpdateVol. 19, No. 2January 13, 2016

FCC Grants BloostonLaw Request for Extension of Comment Deadline on HAC Rules

In response to a request filed last Friday by the Blooston Law Firm, the FCC has extended by two weeks the deadline for comments on proposed amendments to the Commission’s wireless Hearing Aid Compatibility (“HAC”) rules, since the original deadline fell at the same time that this year’s HAC reports are due. The proposals are set forth in in the Fourth Report and Order and Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in WT Dockets No. 15-285 and 07-250 (“ HAC NPRM ”). The revised comment deadline is January 28, 2016 with replies due by February 12, 2016.

We expect to circulate draft comments on the Commission’s HAC proposals to interested clients toward the end of January. See the full article below for more information.


Chairman Releases Draft Broadband Progress Report Fact Sheet

On January 7, FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler released a fact sheet providing some details on the upcoming 2016 Broadband Progress Report, which the FCC files with Congress pursuant to Section 706 of the Telecommunications Act. Under Section 706, each year the FCC is required to determine whether “advanced telecommunications capability” — broadband — is being deployed to all Americans in a “reasonable and timely fashion.” If the answer is negative, the Act requires the FCC to “take immediate action” to speed deployment.

According to the Fact Sheet, Chairman Wheeler proposes finding that advanced telecommunications capability is not being deployed in a reasonable and timely fashion to all Americans. Factors contributing to his conclusion include:

  • Approximately 34 million Americans still lack access to fixed broadband at the FCC’s benchmark speed of 25 Mbps for downloads, 3 Mbps for uploads
  • A persistent urban-rural digital divide has left 39 percent of the rural population without access to fixed broadband, while only 4 percent living in urban areas lack access and 10 percent lack access nationwide;
  • 41 percent of Tribal Lands residents lack access
  • 41 percent of schools have not met the Commission’s short-term goal of 100 Mbps per 1,000 students/staff.
  • Internationally, the U.S. continues to lag behind a number of other developed nations, ranking 16th out of 34 countries.

The report also proposes finding that fixed and mobile service offer distinct functions meeting both complementary and distinct needs. According to the Fact Sheet, fixed broadband offers high-speed, high-capacity connections capable of supporting bandwidth-intensive uses, such as streaming video, by multiple users in a household, but can’t provide consumers with the mobile Internet access required to support myriad needs outside the home and while working remotely. Conversely, mobile devices provide access to the web while on the go, and are especially useful for real-time two-way interactions, mapping applications, and social media, but consumers who rely solely on mobile broadband tend to perform a more limited range of tasks and are significantly more likely to incur additional usage fees or forgo use of the Internet.

The report also notes improving percentages of access to fixed broadband at 25/3 since 2012:

  2014 2013 2012
United States 10%17%20%

Rural Areas


Urban Areas

Tribal Lands 41%63%68%

Rural Areas


Urban Areas

U.S. Territories 66%63%100%

FCC Seeks Comment on Collection and Distribution 911/E-911 Fees and Charges

On January 8, the FCC issued a Public Notice seeking comment on its Seventh Annual Report to Congress on State Collection and Distribution of 911 and Enhanced 911 Fees and Charges (also released on the 8th). Comments are due February 8, 2016, and Reply Comments are due March 9, 2016.

The Commission submits the Report to Congress annually pursuant to the New and Emerging Technologies 911 Improvement Act of 2008 (NET 911 Act), which requires that the Commission report whether 911 fees and charges collected by the states, the District of Columbia, U.S. territories, and Indian territories (states and other reporting entities) are being used for any purpose other than to support 911 and Enhanced 911 (E911) services.

Specifically, the FCC is seeking comment on:

  • The accuracy of information indicating that eight states diverted a portion of collected 911 fees and charges for non-911 related purposes in 2014;
  • whether there have been any other instances of fee diversion by states or local jurisdictions not identified in the Report;
  • whether expenditure of 911 fees on NG911-related programs as documented in the Report is effectively contributing to implementation of NG911 services and infrastructure;
  • the role of oversight and auditing in ensuring that collected 911 fees are used according to state and local requirement; and
  • whether additional efforts are needed to ensure that state and local entities have the authority to monitor and audit 911 fee collections.

A copy of the Report can be found on the Commission’s website at .

FCC Grants BloostonLaw Request for Extension of Comment Deadline on HAC Rules

In response to a request filed last Friday by the Blooston Law Firm, the FCC has extended by two weeks the deadline for comments on proposed amendments to the Commission’s wireless Hearing Aid Compatibility (“HAC”) rules. The proposals are set forth in in the Fourth Report and Order and Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in WT Dockets No. 15-285 and 07-250 (“ HAC NPRM ”). The revised comment deadline is January 28, 2016 with replies due by February 12, 2016.

The Commission had previously set Thursday, January 14, 2016 as the deadline for initial comments on the HAC NPRM, however this is just one day before wireless carriers (and many BloostonLaw clients) are required to submit their annual HAC reports for the 2015 reporting period.

“The proximity of these deadlines means that attorneys and service provider staff who are the most knowledgeable about intricacies of the Commission’s HAC reporting and regulatory compliance procedures (and therefore best positioned to draft informative comments) will be immersed in preparing and filing service provider HAC reports when the HAC NPRM comments are due,” wrote BloostonLaw.

We expect to circulate draft comments on the Commission’s HAC proposals to interested clients toward the end of January. Among other things, the HAC NPRM seeks comment on a proposal to eliminate the fractional HAC-enabled handset deployment benchmarks and replace it with the staged adoption of a system under which all covered wireless handsets will be hearing aid-compatible. While a system that encourages handset manufacturers to incorporate HAC features in all devices is clearly in the public interest, we want the FCC to specify that waivers will be readily available to small wireless service providers that make a good faith effort but are unable to obtain a sufficient supply of HAC-enabled devices to meet the increased benchmarks. Client input on their experiences obtaining compliant handsets will be useful.

LPTV Licensees Ask DC Circuit to Vacate Incentive Auction Rules

A coalition of LPTV licensees who are aggrieved by the lack of protection offered to LPTV stations and TV translators by the FCC’s Incentive Auction “repack” procedures on Monday filed a 125-page brief with the DC Circuit in their case challenging the FCC’s Incentive Auction Report and Order and Second Order on Reconsideration in GN Docket No. 12-268.

The licensees, Free Access & Broadcast Telemedia LLC (“Free Access”) and Word of God Fellowship, Inc. (“WOG”), companies which own or have substantial investments in more than 80 LPTV stations, argued in an October Petition for Reconsideration that the FCC “should not consider spectrum occupied by LPTV stations as vacant and available for sale in the forward auction.” However, the FCC has declared that Congress did not mandate protections for LPTV stations, and the agency rejected arguments that it should “further analyze the potential impact of the incentive auction on the LPTV service before conducting the repacking process.”

LPTV stations and TV translators have “secondary spectrum priority” to full-service stations. This means LPTV stations must not cause interference to the reception of existing or future full-service television stations, must accept interference from full-service stations, and must yield to new full-service stations where interference occurs. The FCC authorized LPTV service more than 30 years ago as a key element of satisfying the Communications Act of 1934’s longstanding broadcasting goals of diversity, localism and minority ownership.

Free Access and WOG argue that the FCC’s incentive auction Orders “single out LPTV broadcasters for the unprecedented penalty of being summarily extinguished – losing their channels and thus being forced to cease operations, perhaps permanently.” The LPTV licensees point to language in the incentive auction legislation which says the Commission must not “alter the spectrum usage rights of low-power television stations.” The LPTV petitioners interpret this language as saying that the FCC must afford some protection to LPTV operations and they are asking that the Court force the FCC to include LPTV in the auction, to quantify the adverse economic impact of the incentive auction on LPTV owners, and to take concrete steps to minimize the impact of the auction on LPTV service.
As noted above, the FCC previously denied the LPTV licensees’ Petition for Reconsideration on these issues, and it has said as a policy matter that it may give preference over LPTV broadcast licensees to unlicensed services, such as WiFi and “white spaces” devices.

Several other petitioners or groups have sought to overturn the FCC’s Incentive Auction procedures but none has yet been successful. On December 22, 2015, three companies filed an emergency petition for writ of mandamus asking the DC Circuit to require the FCC to act on the companies’ petition for reconsideration of the FCC’s Second Order on Reconsideration. In an order issued December 30, 2015, the Court denied that relief, based on its expectation that the Commission would “rule on the pending reconsideration petition promptly, so as to allow petitioners to seek judicial review with an opportunity for meaningful relief before the incentive auction commences on March 29, 2016.” The DC Circuit last fall rejected a petition for review of other aspects of the Incentive Auction Report and Order in National Association of Broadcasters v. FCC .

FCC Reminds CMRS Providers Using Network-Based Technology of Outdoor 911 Location Deadline

On January 13, the FCC’s Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau issued a Public Notice reminding Commercial Mobile Radio Service (CMRS) providers subject to the Commission’s Phase II E911 location accuracy rules, and other interested parties, of the January 18, 2016 Phase II deadline applicable to CMRS providers that deploy network-based E911 location accuracy technologies.

Specifically, as of January 18, 2016, CMRS providers deploying network-based technologies must meet the following location accuracy standard for 911 calls:

  • 100 meters for 67 percent of calls, in 100 percent of counties or PSAP service areas covered by the CMRS provider across its entire network.
  • 300 meters for 90 percent of calls, in 70 percent of counties or PSAP service areas, which must cover at least 80 percent of the population covered by the CMRS provider across its entire network.

CMRS providers using network-based technologies must meet these standards either at the county or at the PSAP level, based on outdoor measurements. This benchmark is separate from and in addition to the subsequent indoor-focused location accuracy requirements that the FCC adopted in the Fourth Report and Order in PS Docket 07-114 in January 2015.

The Bureau also reminds all CMRS providers that the requirements for filing notice of Phase II geographic exclusions, and the requirements for timely filing of updates, remain in effect.

New Website for Incentive Auction Announced

On January 8, the FCC announced through its blog that a new informational website for the upcoming incentive auction has been published at . The website includes a range of materials that explain why the Commission is conducting the auction, how the auction can benefit the public, how the process works, and what consumers will need to do to continue enjoying over-the-air television stations once the auction concludes.

According to the blog post, the new site also features a “Frequently Asked Questions” section for consumers, a calendar of key dates and events, a “Resources” page where the public can easily find key incentive auction decisions and documents, and detailed primers on the reverse and forward auctions. For potential participants, there is also a link to the FCC’s official incentive auction (Auction 1000) page from which they can access the application form, tutorials, and related information.

The Task Force will update the site as new information becomes available. The site will also serve as a key component of the Commission’s post-auction consumer education efforts to ensure a smooth transition for over-the-air TV viewers.

Law & Regulation

FCC Announces Tentative Agenda for January Open Meeting

On January 7, the FCC announced that the following items are tentatively on the agenda for the January 28 Open Meeting:

  • a Report and Order which modernizes the public inspection file rules by requiring cable and satellite TV operators and broadcast and satellite radio companies to post public inspection files on the FCC’s online database. (MB Docket No. 14-127)
  • an NPRM to strengthen the Emergency Alert System by promoting participation on the state and local levels, supporting greater testing and awareness of EAS, leveraging technological advances, and bolstering EAS security (PS Docket Nos. 15-91, 15-94).
  • the 2016 Broadband Progress Report examining whether advanced telecommunications capability is being deployed to all Americans in a reasonable and timely fashion, pursuant to Section 706 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 (GN Docket No. 15-191)

As always, the Open Meeting will be webcast live at at 10:30am on the date of the meeting.

Radio Station Owner Pays $540,000 Penalty to Settle Sponsorship Identification Investigation

On January 7, the FCC issued a press release announcing that its Enforcement Bureau reached a $540,000 settlement with broadcaster Cumulus Media regarding sponsorship identification in radio advertising promoting a proposed energy project.

The settlement resolved an investigation into whether radio station WOKQ (97.5 FM) in Dover, New Hampshire violated the Commission’s sponsorship identification rules. Specifically, the station had broadcast 178 announcements in support of a hydro-electric energy project without identifying the sponsor of those announcements, in this case a company with a financial interest in the project. According to the press release, this is the largest payment in FCC history for a single-station violation of the Commission’s sponsorship identification laws.

The Enforcement Bureau began its investigation after receiving a consumer complaint alleging that WOKQ had broadcast an announcement for the project in September 2011 without identifying who sponsored the announcement. Under the terms of the settlement, Cumulus Media will pay a penalty of $540,000 and will enter into a compliance plan governing 195 stations across the country, which includes appointing a Compliance Officer, enhanced operating procedures, employee training on sponsorship identification laws, and a hotline for reporting violations of the compliance plan.


Commissioners File “Open Letter” on Enhanced Transparency Exemption with Congress

On January 11, FCC Commissioners Michael O’Rielly and Ajit Pai filed a letter in response to Congress’ letter of November 19, 2015 regarding the FCC’s extension of the temporary small business exemption from the Net Neutrality Order's "enhanced transparency requirements". As we reported at the time, the Congressional letter expressed displeasure with the FCC’s decision not to make the exemption permanent, but rather extend it until December 15, 2016. According to the Commissioners’ letter, “the record in the FCC proceeding made clear that small providers have fewer resources to devote to enhanced transparency requirements” and, therefore, “the rules would have a disproportionate impact on small businesses if they ultimately go into effect.”

The letter specifically attacks the FCC’s use of the Paperwork Reduction Act process to delay a final decision on the exemption. Readers will recall, in the order extending the exemption, the FCC asserted that the PRA process will help the FCC better estimate the burden of complying with the enhanced transparency rules on small providers. According to Commissioners O’Rielly and Pai, “that type of approach — where an agency adopts rules and "right-sizes" them afterwards — is completely backwards. An agency is supposed to seek comment on proposed rules and the associated costs and benefits during the rulemaking proceeding so that the final rules and the estimated burdens submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (0MB) for review reflect a reasoned cost-benefit analysis.”

The Commissioners’ letter closes by inviting Congressional input on the matter going forward.

Six New Members Appointed to USAC Board

On January 8, the FCC’s Chairman Tom Wheeler issued a Public Notice appointing the following persons to the Universal Service Administrative Company’s Board of Directors:

  • Hon. Ronald A. Brisé, Commissioner of the Florida Public Service Commission as Representative for state telecommunications regulators (incumbent). ;
  • Alan Buzacott, Executive Director of Regulatory Affairs for Verizon Communications, Inc. as Representative for inter-exchange carrier with revenue more than $3 billion. ;
  • Brent Fontana, Director of Network Development and Strategy for Zayo as Representative for rural health care providers that are eligible to receive supported services pursuant to section 54.601;
  • Dr. Michael Hernandez, of the Arkansas Department of Education as Representative for schools that are eligible to receive discounts pursuant to section 54.501 of the Commission’s rules.;
  • Kenneth Mason, Vice President of Business Operators for Frontier Communications Corporation as Representative for incumbent local exchange carriers (other than the Bell Operating Companies) with annual operating revenue in excess of $40 million (incumbent); and
  • Olivia Wein, Lead Telecom Project Attorney at the National Consumer Law Center as Representative for information service provider (incumbent).

The USAC Board will hold its next meeting on January 26, 2016, at USAC’s Washington, DC office (2000 L Street NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20036), which meeting is open to the public.


JANUARY 15: HAC REPORTING DEADLINE. The next Hearing Aid Compatible (HAC) reporting deadline for digital commercial mobile radio service (CMRS) providers (including carriers that provide service using AWS-1 spectrum and resellers of cellular, broadband PCS and/or AWS services) is Friday, January 15, 2016. Non-Tier I service providers must offer to consumers at least 50 percent of the handset models per air interface, or a minimum of ten handset models per air interface, that meet or exceed the M3 rating, and at least one-third of the handset models per air interface, or a minimum of ten handset models per air interface, that meet or exceed the T3 rating. Month-to-month handset offering information provided in annual reports must be current through the end of 2015. With many of our clients adjusting their handset offerings and making new devices available to customers throughout the year, it is very easy for even the most diligent carriers to stumble unknowingly into a non-compliance situation, resulting in fines starting at $15,000 for each HAC-enabled handset they are deficient. Following the T-Mobile USA Notice of Apparent Liability (FCC 12-39), the Commission’s enforcement policy calls for multiplying the $15,000 per-handset fine by the number of months of the deficiency, creating the potential for very steep fines. It is therefore crucial that our clients pay close attention to their HAC regulatory compliance, and monthly checks are strongly recommended. In this regard, we have prepared a HAC reporting template to assist our clients in keeping track of their HAC handset offerings, and other regulatory compliance efforts. ALL SERVICE PROVIDERS SUBJECT TO THE COMMISSION’S HAC RULES — INCLUDING COMPANIES THAT QUALIFY FOR THE DE MINIMIS EXCEPTION — MUST PARTICIPATE IN ANNUAL HAC REPORTING. To the extent that your company is a provider of broadband PCS, cellular and/or interconnected SMR services, if you are a CMRS reseller and/or if you have plans to provide CMRS using newly licensed (or partitioned) AWS or 700 MHz spectrum, you and your company will need to be familiar with the Commission’s revised rules.

FEBRUARY 1: FCC FORM 555, ANNUAL LIFELINE ELIGIBLE TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER CERTIFICATION FORM. All Eligible Telecommunications Carriers must certify that they verify consumer eligibility prior to enrolling a consumer in Lifeline by A) reviewing income and program-based eligibility documentation and/or B) confirming the consumer’s eligibility by relying on access to a state database and/or notice of eligibility from the Lifeline administrator.

FEBRUARY 1: FCC FORM 499-Q, TELECOMMUNICATIONS REPORTING WORKSHEET. All telecommunications common carriers that expect to contribute more than $10,000 to federal Universal Service Fund (USF) support mechanisms must file this quarterly form. The FCC has modified this form in light of its decision to establish interim measures for USF contribution assessments. The form contains revenue information from the prior quarter plus projections for the next quarter. Form 499-Q relates only to USF contributions. It does not relate to the cost recovery mechanisms for the Telecommunications Relay Service (TRS) Fund, the North American Numbering Plan Administration (NANPA), and the shared costs of local number portability (LNP), which are covered in the annual Form 499-A that is due April 1.

FEBRUARY 1: FCC FORM 502, NUMBER UTILIZATION AND FORECAST REPORT. Any wireless or wireline carrier (including paging companies) that have received number blocks--including 100, 1,000, or 10,000 number blocks--from the North American Numbering Plan Administrator (NANPA), a Pooling Administrator, or from another carrier, must file Form 502 by February 1. Carriers porting numbers for the purpose of transferring an established customer’s service to another service provider must also report, but the carrier receiving numbers through porting does not. Resold services should also be treated like ported numbers, meaning the carrier transferring the resold service to another carrier is required to report those numbers but the carrier receiving such numbers should not report them. Reporting carriers are required to include their FCC Registration Number (FRN). Reporting carriers file utilization and forecast reports semiannually on or before February 1 for the preceding six-month reporting period ending December 31, and on or before August 1 for the preceding six-month reporting period ending June 30.

MARCH 1: COPYRIGHT STATEMENT OF ACCOUNT FORM FOR CABLE COMPANIES. This form, plus royalty payment for the second half of calendar year 2015, is due March 1. The form covers the period July 1 to December 31, 2015, and is due to be mailed directly to cable TV operators by the Library of Congress’ Copyright Office. If you do not receive the form, please contact Gerry Duffy.

MARCH 1: CPNI ANNUAL CERTIFICATION. Carriers should modify (as necessary) and complete their “Annual Certification of CPNI Compliance” for 2016. The certification must be filed with the FCC by March 1. Note that the annual certification should include the following three required Exhibits: (a) a detailed Statement Explaining How the Company’s Operating Procedures Ensure Compliance with the FCC’S CPNI Rules to reflect the Company’s policies and information; (b) a Statement of Actions Taken against Data Brokers; and (c) a Summary of Customer Complaints Regarding Unauthorized Release of CPNI. A company officer with personal knowledge that the company has established operating procedures adequate to ensure compliance with the rules must execute the Certification, place a copy of the Certification and accompanying Exhibits in the Company’s CPNI Compliance Records, and file the certification with the FCC in the correct fashion. Our clients can forward the original to BloostonLaw in time for the firm to make the filing with the FCC by March 1, if desired. BloostonLaw is prepared to help our clients meet this requirement, which we expect will be strictly enforced, by assisting with preparation of their certification filing; reviewing the filing to make sure that the required showings are made; filing the certification with the FCC, and obtaining a proof-of-filing copy for your records. Clients interested in obtaining BloostonLaw's CPNI compliance manual should contact Gerry Duffy (202-828-5528) or Mary Sisak (202-828-5554). Note: If you file the CPNI certification, you must also file the FCC Form 499-A Telecom Reporting Worksheet by April 1.

MARCH 1: FCC FORM 477, LOCAL COMPETITION & BROADBAND REPORTING FORM. This annual form is due March 1 and September 1 annually. The FCC requires facilities-based wired, terrestrial fixed wireless, and satellite broadband service providers to report on FCC Form 477 the number of broadband subscribers they have in each census tract they serve. The Census Bureau changed the boundaries of some census tracts as part of the 2010 Census.

Specifically, three types of entities must file this form:

(1) Facilities-based Providers of Broadband Connections to End User Locations: Entities that are facilities-based providers of broadband connections – which are wired “lines” or wireless “channels” that enable the end user to receive information from and/or send information to the Internet at information transfer rates exceeding 200 kbps in at least one direction – must complete and file the applicable portions of this form for each state in which the entity provides one or more such connections to end user locations. For the purposes of Form 477, an entity is a “facilities-based” provider of broadband connections to end user locations if it owns the portion of the physical facility that terminates at the end user location, if it obtains unbundled network elements (UNEs), special access lines, or other leased facilities that terminate at the end user location and provisions/equips them as broadband, or if it provisions/equips a broadband wireless channel to the end user location over licensed or unlicensed spectrum. Such entities include incumbent and competitive local exchange carriers (LECs), cable system operators, fixed wireless service providers (including “wireless ISPs”), terrestrial and satellite mobile wireless service providers, BRS providers, electric utilities, municipalities, and other entities. (Such entities do not include equipment suppliers unless the equipment supplier uses the equipment to provision a broadband connection that it offers to the public for sale. Such entities also do not include providers of fixed wireless services ( e.g., “Wi-Fi” and other wireless ethernet, or wireless local area network, applications) that only enable local distribution and sharing of a premises broadband facility.)

(2) Providers of Wired or Fixed Wireless Local Telephone Services: Incumbent and competitive LECs must complete and file the applicable portions of the form for each state in which they provide local exchange service to one or more end user customers (which may include “dial-up” ISPs).

(3) Providers of Mobile Telephony Services: Facilities-based providers of mobile telephony services must complete and file the applicable portions of this form for each state in which they serve one or more mobile telephony subscribers. A mobile telephony service is a real-time, two-way switched voice service that is interconnected with the public switched network using an in-network switching facility that enables the provider to reuse frequencies and accomplish seamless handoff of subscriber calls. A mobile telephony service provider is considered “facilities-based” if it serves a subscriber using spectrum for which the entity holds a license that it manages, or for which it has obtained the right to use via lease or other arrangement with a Band Manager.

MARCH 31: INTERNATIONAL CIRCUIT CAPACITY REPORT. No later than March 31, all U.S. international carriers that owned or leased bare capacity on a submarine cable between the United States and any foreign point on December 31, 2015 and any person or entity that held a submarine cable landing license on December 31, 2015 must file a Circuit Capacity Report to provide information about the submarine cable capacity it holds. Additionally, cable landing licensees must file information on the Circuit Capacity Report about the amount of available and planned capacity on the submarine cable for which they have a license. Any U.S. International Carrier that owned or leased bare capacity on a terrestrial or satellite facility as of December 31, 2015 must file a Circuit Capacity Report showing its active common carrier circuits for the provision of service to an end-user or resale carrier, including active circuits used by itself or its affiliates. Any satellite licensee that is not a U.S. International Carrier and that owns circuits between the United States and any foreign point as of December 31, 2015 of the reporting period must file a Circuit Capacity Report showing its active circuits sold or leased to any customer, including itself or its affiliates, other than a carrier authorized by the Commission to provide U.S. international common carrier services.

Calendar At-A-Glance

Jan. 8 – Reply Comments are due on Sumotext Petition for Declaratory Ruling on Automated Text Messaging Consent.
Jan. 12 – Reply comments are due on Protected Contours for Grandfathered 3.65 GHz Licensees.
Jan. 18 – Outdoor 911 Location Accuracy Phase II deadline.
Jan. 15 – Annual Hearing Aid Compatibility Report is due.
Jan. 26 – Comments are due on Wireless Broadband Above 24 GHz.
Jan. 28 – Comments are due on HAC NPRM.

Feb. 1 – FCC Form 555 (Annual Lifeline ETC Certification Form) is due.
Feb. 1 – FCC Form 499-Q (Quarterly Telecommunications Reporting Worksheet) is due.
Feb. 1 – FCC Form 502 (Number Utilization and Forecast Report) is due.
Feb. 8 – Comments are due on 911/E911 Fees and Charges Report.
Feb. 9 – Forward Applications for 600MHz PEA licenses due. (6 PM EST).
Feb. 12 – Reply comments are due on HAC NPRM.
Feb. 23 – Reply comments are due on Wireless Broadband Above 24 GHz.

Mar. 1 – Copyright Statement of Account Form for cable companies is due.
Mar. 1 – Annual CPNI Certification is due.
Mar. 1 – FCC Form 477 (Local Competition & Broadband Reporting) is due.
Mar. 9 – Reply comments are due on 911/E911 Fees and Charges Report.
Mar. 31 – FCC Form 525 (Delayed Phasedown CETC Line Counts) is due.
Mar. 31 – FCC Form 508 (ICLS Projected Annual Common Line Requirement) is due.
Mar. 31 – International Circuit Capacity Report is due.

This newsletter is not intended to provide legal advice. Those interested in more information should contact the firm. For additional information, please contact Hal Mordkofsky at 202-828-5520 or .

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Ice Climbing in Chamonix, France

Photograph by Alexandre Buisse

“I was in awe of Mathis's grace and fluidity on what was obviously an extremely difficult climbing sequence,” says photographer Alexandre Buisse of the shot he took of French climber Mathis Dumas hanging upside down in the Mer de Glace ice cave in Chamonix, France.

Getting into place was relatively simple according to Buisse. “It’s a short train ride up to Montenvers, then a short hike down to the glacier level," he recalls. "It is too steep to put ice screws on lead, especially on hard, old glacial ice, so Mathis aided up the intended route. He then gave the route a few attempts before finally linking it.” Buisse notes that once Dumas started climbing, it was simply a matter of waiting for him to make an elegant move. “I used a studio light to add some fill flash in the shadows, but other than that, I mostly relied on the strong natural light coming from the outside, which created a lovely texture on the ice.”


Source: National Geographic  

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